from 1520- 1480 descending.

  1.  176J     Phlip    Melanchthon                            

 Declamatiuncula in D. Pauli doctrinam :  Epistola ad Iohannem Hessum theologum

Vuittenbergae [i.e. Wittenberg] : Apud Melchiorem Lottherum iuniorem, 1520                           $4,500  

Quarto 7 ¼ x 5 ¼ inches. A-B4, C6.This is bound in modern boards with a sheepskin spine. 

To say that Melanchthon saw how to rescue dialectics for use in the humanist curriculum, however, does not undermine his deep commitment to the rhetorical methods of his time. In the Romans commentaries of the 1530s, he goes on the warpath against the Romanists, enthusiasts and Origenists, defending his Apology of the Augsburg Confession in the process. Large portions of Luther’s preface were in fact merely a reworking of Melanchthon’s exegesis. Scholars have expended an inordinate amount of effort to locate and date Melanchthon’s earliest biblical lectures. The construction of introductions and outlines to biblical books stretches back into the history of the early church. In Pauline studies today, the role of justification by faith in the apostle’s writings looms large.”

( Timothy J. Wengert : A Companion to Paul in the Reformation, pp 129-164: 2009)

Harfelder (Melanchthon); Nr. 23; Beuttenmüller, Melanchthon,; Nr. 71; BM STC German,; p. 610; VD 16; M 2913


2) 454J Lefèvre d’Etaples, Jacques; Lefèvre d’Etaples, Jacques Faber Stapulensis, Jacobus (i.e. Jacques Lefevre d’Etaples) (1455-1536)

Iacobi Fabri Stapulensis De Maria Magdalena, & triduo Christi, disceptatio, Concionatoribus verbi Divini adprime utils.

Hagenoæ : ex Neocademia Anshelmiana : (typis ac formulis Thomæ Anshelmi Badensis 1518 Price $3,900

Quarto: 21 x15.5 cm. Signatures: aa – ff4, gg6. This is a second or third edition, first printed in Paris in 1517 by Henri Estienne, who issued a second edition in 1518. [All early editions are rare on the market; the last copy of any edition to appear at auction was sold 37 years ago (Bloomsbury, Jun 28, 1984, lot 160). Bound in 19th-century pale glazed boards, expertly rebacked.


§•Lefevre d’Etables’ “De Maria Magdalena et triduo Christi disceptatio” argues that Mary (sister of Lazarus), Mary Magdalene, and the penitent woman who anointed Christ’s feet were THREE DIFFERENT women. His claim provoked considerable debate – known as “the Quarrel of the Magdalens” d’Etaples wrote four books on the subject 1517-1519 . It is interesting that “Quarrel of the Magdalens” would find heated debate, nearly 500 years later,” in the backlash against Brown’s “Da Vinci Code” and his depiction therein of Mary Magdalene.

“The opinion [of Lefevre d’Etaples], new at the time, gave rise to a violent controversy; refutations by Noel Bedier, syndic of the University of Paris, and John Fisher, the martyr-bishop of Rochester, appeared; they were followed by the condemnation by the Sorbonne in 1521” (Catholic Encyclopedia). Le Fevre’s publication on the three Marys caused a controversy that forced him to leave Paris. Lefèvre’s argument, undertaken with impeccable scholarly exegesis, effectively undermined the existence of one of the most popular saints of the Middle Ages. Lefèvre also had his defenders. In response to Grandval’s apologia, Josse Clichtove published “Disceptationis de Magdalena, Defensio” in April 1519 in which he expanded Lefevre’s arguments. (SOURCE: Christopher L.C.E. Witcombe, “The Chapel of the Courtesan and the Quarrel of the Magdalens” in: The Art Bulletin, 2002).

Sheila Porrer has handled this complex subject in her Book. The introduction analyzes many difficult Latin texts dealing with biblical exegesis, patristic and scholastic interpretations of the New Testament, and the polemic that pitted early-modern humanist scholars against traditionalist scholastic theologians. It thus prepares the reader for the Latin texts and English translations of the four books published in 1517-19 by the evangelical humanist Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (c. 1455-1536)—books that caused controversy throughout Europe during a watershed period in the intellectual and religious movements known as the Renaissance and Reformation in France.
The four treatises by Lefèvre deal with three principal topics: first, the centuries-old identification of St. Mary Magdalen with two other women in the New Testament named Mary; second, the length of time that Christ lay in the tomb before his resurrection; and, third, the pious legend holding that St. Anne, the mother of the Virgin Mary, married three times and had children named Mary by each of her three husbands. Behind these seemingly innocuous issues lay a momentous question: Scholastic theologians and other traditionalists, on the one hand, feared that questioning even a few beliefs held for centuries opened the door to questioning any or all beliefs, posing a danger to the faith and devotion of pious people and to the rites and traditions of the Church. Lefèvre and other humanists, on the other, believed that the real danger to faith and devotion lay in allowing ill-founded legends to corrupt authentic faith and piety and prevented the reform of belief and practice that was sorely needed in the Church. Lefèvre’s critics, especially the Paris Faculty of Theology and its members such as Noël Beda and Pierre Cousturier (Sutor) are given a more balanced appraisal than they usually receive at the hands of historians. Some of Lefèvre’s supporters, like Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim, used Lefèvre’s works to promote reforms more radical than he ever dreamed of—confirming, in a way, the fears of the traditionalists.

REFERENCES: Sheila M. Porrer, “Jacques Lefevre d’Etaples and the Three Maries Debates” p. 491, nº. 3. See also pp. 33 et seq.
VD 16 L-958. Bibliotheca Palatina ; E280 This edition is not in Adams.
Two US copies located: U Penn & Huntington.

PROVENANCE: C. Inglis, M.D., i.e. Dr. Charles (Cornelius) Inglis (1824-1900), with his engraved calligraphic bookplate (posthumous sale at Sotheby’s London, 11 June 1900). Inglis was the son of the book collector John Bellingham Inglis (1780-1870). J.B. Inglis had the curious habit of cutting out (“vignetting”) pictorial or symbolic material from other old books or prints and mounting them in his books; the present volume may have been so adorned; at the foot of the inside cover are traces of a rectangular piece of paper, now removed. — Robert T. Aitchison (1887-1964) of Wichita, Kansas (with his erotic bookplate). Aitchison’s collecting interests were primarily in the works of the early printers, letterform history, fine bindings, early woodcuts, and fine maps. — Bill Jackson, friend of Aitchison and proprietor of the Four Ducks Press (letterpress bookplate). Of Aitchison’s original collection, about 600 volumes were purchased from the Mary Aitchison estate for $44,000, raised by Dr. Martin Bush from private benefactors, and is now in Special Collections at the Wichita State University library.


3) 453J Diogenes Lærtius , (Tr: Ambrosius Traversarius 1386-1439.)

Diogenis lærtii historiographi de philosophorum vita decem per q[uam] fecundi libri ad bene beateq[ue] viuendu[m] co[m]motiui. 

Paris : Guy or  Jean Marchant, for Jean Petit, [about 1509]. {Venundantur Parisius in vico Diui Iacobi apud Leonem Argenteum. :             Price:  $3,600

Quarto. 20 x 14.5 cm. Signatures: A8, a-y8/4, z6 .Portrait of a weary philosopher at his writing table on verso of title page.(see back cover of this catalogue.  Charming woodcut on last page (Marchant’s device). Some nice woodcut initials. Marginal annotations and underlinings. Wormholes. Modern binding in ¾ calf, marbled boards, marbles end leaves. With the  Ex libris of Jos Nève.   Lærtius divides all the Greek philosophers into two classes: those of the Ionic and those of the Italic school. He derives the first from Anaximander, the second from Pythagoras. After Socrates, he divides the Ionian philosophers into three branches: (a) Plato and the Academics, down to Clitomachus; (b) the Cynics, down to Chrysippus; (c) Aristotle and Theophrastus. The series of Italic philosophers consists, after Pythagoras, of the following: Telanges, Xenophanes, Parmenides, Zeno of Elea, Leucippus, Democritus, and others down to Epicurus. The first seven books are devoted to the Ionic philosophers; the last three treat the Italic school.

The work of Diogenes is a crude contribution towards the history of philosophy. It contains a brief account of the lives, doctrines, and sayings of most persons who have been called philosophers; and though the author is limited in his philosophical abilities and assessment of the various schools, the book is valuable as a collection of facts, which we could not have learned from any other source, and is entertaining as a sort of pot-pourri on the subject. Diogenes also includes samples of his own wretched poetry about the philosophers he discusses.

Diogenes is generally as reliable as whatever source he happens to be copying from at that moment. Especially when Diogenes is setting down amusing or scandalous stories about the lives and deaths of various philosophers which are supposed to serve as fitting illustrations of their thought, the reader should be wary. The article on Epicurus, however, is quite valuable, since it contains some original letters of that philosopher, which comprise a summary of the Epicurean doctrines. IEP         GW VII Sp.436a

Goff D226; H 6197?; Moreau ICP vol I p.317 nº68; Günt(L) 2256; Walsh 3631b; BMC(Fr) p.135;  BM STC (F) S. 135; Renouard (M) Iehan Petit 833;  Renouard (M) Jean Marchant 708) 

§ Jean Petit’s 4th device on t.p.; Guy Marchant’s device (Silvestre 39) IA,; 153.795;)


440J Savonarola, Girolamo, 1452-1498Jncipit Exposicio v[e]l Meditacio f[rat]ris Hieronimi sauonarole de Ferraria ordi[ni]s p[rae]dicatorum in psalmu[m] Jn te d[omi]ne speraui. qua[m] i[n] vltimis dieb[us] du[m] vite sue fine[m] prestolaretur edidit.

(Exposicio in psalmum  XXXI In te domine speravi)., n.d. (prob. the ed. Magdenburg, Moritz Brandis), after 1500,     Price: $sold

Quarto 20 x 15 cm. a4,b4.   (8) lvs., rubricated in red, modern boards.[*] – First leaf w. incipit with outer remargined ; a few tiny wormholes throughout (mostly in blank margins). Hieronymus Savonarola (1452-1498)  In te Domine speravi. The Dominican preacher wrote this text while in prison in Florence in 1498, charged with heresy, and having been found guilty was burned at the stake in that year. He  was a Catholic and a critic of the luxurious lives of the rulers, the Medici family, of the Florentian people and the corruption in the Catholic Church. His sermons resulted in the downfall of the ruling Medici family. Pope Alexander VI excommunicated him.  “  Savonarola , after his first ” examination ” nearly amonth of quiet in the little prison , which, after all, was notless spacious or comfortable than his cell. This resting timethe victim employed in a manner befitting his characterand life. He wrote two meditations , one on the Miserere(5 1st Psalm) and the other on the 31 st Psalm, in which hepoured out his whole heart in communion with God. Withthe right hand which had been spared to him in diabolicalmercy that he might be able to sign the false papers whichwere intended to cover him with ignominy, he still had itin his power to leave a record of that intercourse with hisheavenly Master in which his stricken soul found strengthand comfort. Between the miserable lies of the notary Ceccone,over which those Florentine nobles in the palace werewrangling ; and the stillness of the little prison hung highin air over their heads, where a great soul in noble trustyet sadness approached its Maker, what a difference!”

                                                  [E. H. PEROWNE, D.D. 1900 ]

Savonarola writes at the last bit written, a quite heartfelt passage”“BURN away Thy face from my sins, and blot outall tnine iniquities. Wherefore, Lord, regardestThou my sins ? Why numberest Thou them ?Why considerest Thou them so diligently ? KnowestThou not that man is as a flower of the field ? Where-fore lookest Thou not rather on the face of Thy Christ ?Alas, wretch that I am, why see I Thee angry withme ? I confess I have sinned, but do Thou in Thygoodness have mercy upon me : turn away Thy facefrom my sins. Thy face is Thy knowledge ; turnaway therefore Thy knowledge from my sins. I meannot that knowledge which consists in simple appre-hension, wherewith Thou seest all things at all times,but the knowledge which consists in approval and  disapproval, whereby Thou dost approve the actions of  the just, and by disapproving dost condemn the sins of the wicked. Take not such knowledge of my sins as to impute them to me ; but turn away Thy face from my sins, that through Thy mercy they may be blotted out. Regard, Lord, the soul which Thou hastcreated, regard Thy likeness which Thou hast formed. For Thou didst create it in Thine image, and I poorwretch have overlaid it with the likeness of the devil.” (Translated by Perowne.)

Under torture Savonarola confessed to having invented his prophecies and visions, then recanted, then confessed again.  In his prison cell in the tower of the government palace he composed meditations on Psalms 51 and 31.  On the morning of 23 May 1498, Savonarola and two other friars were led out into the main square where, before a tribunal of high clerics and government officials, they were condemned as heretics and schismatics, and sentenced to die forthwith. Stripped of their Dominican garments in ritual degradation, they mounted the scaffold in their thin white shirts. Each on a separate gallows, they were hanged, while fires were ignited below them to consume their bodies. To prevent devotees from searching for relics, their ashes were carted away and scattered in the Arno .

Scapecchi, P. Cat. Savonarola,; 87 (Catalogo delle edizioni di Girolamo Savonarola (secc. XV-XVI) possedute dalla Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Firenze)  Girolamo Savonarola, Prison Meditations on Psalms 51 and 31 Tr., Ed. John Patrick Donnelly S.J. (Milwaukee, Marquette University Press, 1994).

Goff (suppl.); S-206a; BMC 15th cent.; II 601;  GW M40482 ; Hain-Copinger; 14412; Reichling; 1384; Audin de Rians, E. Bib.,; 138;      ISTC No.is00206500. United Kingdom   British Library (IA.10973)      United States of America.    Yale add ???   US,TX  SMU   


 300J   JOHANNES de SACRO BOSCO. (c. 1195 – c. 1256) (also called John or Johannes Halifax, Holyfax, Holywalde, Sacroboscus, Sacrobuschus, de Sacro Bosco, or de Sacro Busto) And Georgius de Monteferrato

Figura sphere cu[m] glosis Georgii de Mo[n]teferrato artiu[m] [et] medici[n]e doctoris : gradiam [et] gloriam dabit dominus.

Venice [Jacobus Pentius, de Leuco] for Georgius de Monteferrato 1500, die 28 ianuarii.               $11,000


(“The use of type 68G and of woodcut capitals in this book connect it with the latter part of 1500 and it is therefore taken to be dated ‘more veneto’ (BMC) Quarto, 8 ½ X 5 ½ inches . 26 lvs, A-E4 F6 . There is a large woodcut on title page ‘sphera mundi’, see to the left and three other large woodcut diagrams in text. Woodcut capitals, also spaces with guide-letters. Tear repaired in corner of f. 2, with some text loss.

This copy is bound in full laced cased later vellum, blue edges,and recent marbled endpapers.  This  illustrated incunable printed by Jacobus Pentius, de Leuce who started printing in 1495, his press was chiefly active after the turn of the century.

¶ In 1220 Sacro Bosco wrote Tractatus de Sphaera  in four chapters. The first chapter deals with the shape and place of the Earth within a spherical universe. The second chapter deals with various circles on the sky. The third chapter describes rising and setting of heavenly bodies from different geographical locations while the fourth chapter gives a brief introduction to Ptolemy’s theory of the planets and of eclipses.

This book, which predates Grosseteste’s astronomy book, is well written and was widely used throughout Europe from the middle of the 13th Century.

Sacrobosco’s De sphaera mundi was the most successful of several competing thirteenth-century textbooks on this topic. It was used in universities for hundreds of years and the manuscript copied many times before the invention of the printing press; hundreds of manuscript copies have survived. The first printed edition appeared in 1472 in Ferrara, and at least 84 editions were printed in the next two hundred years. The work was frequently supplemented with commentaries on the original text. The number of copies and commentaries reflects its importance as a university text.[4] de Sphaera, which was widely read and influential in Europe during the later medieval centuries as an introduction to astronomy. Though principally about the heavens it also contains a clear description of the Earth as a sphere, in the first chapter. “The Sphere” was required reading by students in all Western European universities for the next four centuries.

Goff J421; Klebs, A.C. Incunabula scientifica et medica,; entry 874.30; BMC V 566; HCR 14126; Essling 264; Sander 6668; Pell Ms 6718 (6683); Hillard 1153; Péligry 480; IGI 5353; Hubay(Augsburg) 1247; Pr 5705; GW M14661

United States of America. The Walters Art Museum Library

Library of Congress,New York Public Library,

Huntington Library, Smithsonian Institution, Univ. of Chicago, Williams College,

1. Owen Gingerich, Sacrobosco as a textbook. Journal for the History of Astronomy 19 (4) (1988), 269-273.

2. L Thorndike, The Sphere of Sacrobosco and its Commentators (Chicago, 1949).

3. J F Daly, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).

4. Olaf Pedersen, “In Quest of Sacrobosco”, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 16 (1985): 175-221. Pedersen identifies 35 printings in Venice, another 35 in Paris, and more in 14 other cities throughout Europe.


45J    Paulus   Pergulensis           ca -1451.            

Logica magistri Pauli Pergulensis.      

Venice:  Johannes Emericus, de Spira, 22 Feb. 1495/96                                 


Quarto.   10 x 8 ½   inches. a-e8, f4  44 0f 44 leaves (complete)                             

Signature of Thomas Stewart, Knight of St. John of Jerusalem, dated Rome 1837 on title. Bound in early 19th-century quarter sheep; light dampstaining in lower margins throughout, title and last page soiled. 

Italy, the centre of humanism, produced the best logicians of the Renaissance.  Paulus Pergulensis (d. 1451) was a pupil of Paul of Venice, author of the Logica magna and parva.. Introducing the theory of reference, sometimes called supposition, is an explanation of the ways in which words refer to objects in function of certain linguisitc signs.

Paul of Venice maintains a threefold division: Material Reference, Simple Reference, and Personal Reference, all of which are identified The present is a more succinct and highly systematized logic, composed entirely in the form of theses.

From 1420 to 1454 Pergulensis taught logic and natural philosophy, and then also mathematics, astronomy and theology, to the Venetian school of Rialto (founded in 1408 ), to which he gave a real university organization.  He was nominated ( 1448 ) bishop of Koper, which he renounced so as not to leave the teaching. We are left of him, manuscripts or press, some treatises of logic ( Dubia in consequentias Strodi , De sensu composite and divided , In regulas insolubilium , De scire et dubitare , Compendium logicae ), in which he discusses the new logical doctrines of the Oxford school in Padua by Paolo Veneto.            

Paul of Pergula (died 1451) became the first publicly paid lecturer in philosophy in Venice, where he was officially honored in a public ceremony. In 1448, he was offered a bishopric, which he refused, and at the end of his life he accepted the administration of the Church of Saint John Almoner. He translated some works of Aristotle from Greek to Latin and was considered “on a par with the renowned Greek and Latin philosophers” (Brown, pp. vi-vii). Depending on the Logica Parva of Paul of Venice, De sensu composito et diviso should be regarded as a “mosaic of the treasury of logic known at the time” (Brown, p. viii). 

Lohr, C.H. “A Note on Manuscripts of Paulus Venetus, Logica,” Manuscripta, 17(1973), pp. 35-36; reprinted in Bulletin de philosophie medievale, 15 (1973), pp. 145-146.

 The first edition was printed in Pavia, Martinus de Lavalle, 5 November 1488 (Goff P-198). 

Perreiah, Alan. Paul of Venice: Logica Parva [English translation], Munich, Philosophia Verlag, 1984.

All editions are rare: Goff # DATE # of copies, Locations

P190    1481 Ratdolt   2 us     Pml ,HeHl P191.    1483 Tortis     2 us      Hehl, JHU P192.    1486  Tortis    2 us    UPaL, (EHLS Rockport  Maine) P193.    1489 Tridinesis  1 us LOC P194.    1491 deStrada    1 us WartG P195      1495 Emericus , 3 us NewL, PrinUL, and this copy P196.     1489 Quarengiia  3 us  LC, UILL, YUL

Paulus Pergulensis  ca -1451. Ennio De Bellis, Nicoletto Vernia e Agostino Nifo: aspetti storiografici e metodologici, Congedo, 2003, p. 9.

Logica; and, Tractatus de sensu composito et diviso by Paolo della Pergola, edited by Mary Anthony Brown, Saint Bonaventure, New York: Franciscan Institute, 1961. BABCOCK, ROBERT G. “AN UNRECORDED SESSA IMPRINT.” The Yale University Library Gazette, vol. 64, no. 3/4, 1990, pp. 124–131. JSTOR,

Goff P195; H 12626; R 1314; Sander 5476; IBE 4363; IGI 7322; IBPort 1357; Horch(Rio) Suppl 13; Mendes 957; GW M30234US Copies (Princeton Univ (2) and The Newberry Library)  Not in Copinger or British museum Catalogue of books printed in the XVth century


Jacobus de Gruytrode

Lavacrum conciencie [sic] omnibus sacerdotibus perutile

Lyptzck [Leipzig] : Gregor Böttiger, 1495.   $12,000

Quarto  12 x 9 cm. Signatures: a8 b-pq8.[Errors in foliation: lxxxviiii-xcviii foliated xc-xcviiii, with xc as cxi, xciiii as cxv] Blank initial spaces. Bound in half leather of the 19th century, with quite a bit contemporary marginalia.

This “Soap of the Conscience” is filled with morally instructive stories intended to keep priests faithful to their vows and safe from worldly temptations, lest they suffer the “harshest punishments” of hell. In this work he tries in numerous moral and instructive stories to prove the nullity of worldly joys.  Born in Gruitrode ca. 1400-10, Jacobus van Eertwach was a Carthusian monk who served as an abbot of the prior of the Liege from 1440 until his death in 1475, during which time he produced numerous works of spiritual guidance for both clergy and laypersons. 

“Lavacrum” was first printed by Anton Sorg in 1489.  

This treatise against immorality, especially the priests, which was first published in Nuremberg around 1488 and was attributed to Charterhouse, who died in 1482, with short stories and some German proverbs (e.g. on page XIIIv On women vnd on wein mag nyemant frolich gesein “)

Although today the work is generally attributed to the Carthusian monk of German origin, Jacob von Gruytrode.    According to Theodor Petreius, Bibliotheca Cartusiana (Cologne, 1609), the actual author is Johannes Meskirchius  (Messkirch, d. 1511), a monk at the charterhouse of Güterstein near Stuttgart (for Messkirch see R. Deigendesch, ‘Bücher und ihre Schenker – Die Bücherlisten der Kartause Güterstein in Württemberg’, in S. Lorenz, ed., Bücher, Bibliotheken und Schriftkultur der Kartäuser. Festgabe zum 65. Geburtstag von Edward Potkowski, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 93-115.

BMC assigns authorship to Jacobus de Gruytrode

ISTC il00099000

Goff L99; IBP 3382; Madsen 2157; Voull(B) 1383; Günt(L) 1205; Hubay(Würzburg) 1187; Pad-Ink 375; Wilhelmi 387; BSB-Ink L-71.050; GW 13880.

Not in Hain, BMC, STC et c.

Two Us Copies Library of Congress and U cal Law library.


30).  318J Stella clericorum (Authorship un-attributed)

Stella clericorum cuilibet clerico summe necessaria.

Lyptzck [Leipzig] : [Conrad Kachelofen], before 1492.   $5,500.  

 Quarto 20 X 13 cm. A8,B6 (lacking final blank lead B6

Image 1 of 3 for Stella clericorum cuilibet clerico summe necessaria. Stella clericorum, Authorship un-attributed. Bound in modern a limp  vellum incunable leaf, [Goff B563]. Initals supplied in read and internal capitals stroked. This copy is lacking the final leaf comprising the poem” Aspice presentis”. ¶ “One of the forgotten works of the Middle Ages is the Stella clericorum, Though short, often derivative in content, and generally rather unassuming, the Stella clericorum was nonetheless one of the most popular traetises of the later Middle Ages. Stella clericorum communicates, in simplistic form and for the use of lower clergy, many of the grand ecclesiological and ritual accom- plishments of the twelfth century. Its principal themes are the dignity of the priesthood and the importance of the Eucharist.”. (CAROL NEEL, Colorado College 1997). 

¶ Goff S 775. ISTC is00774800/ (listing Huntington & Newberry only )IBP 5110. H 15065; BSB-Ink S-578; IG 2522;H 15065*; IBP 5109; Sajó-Soltész 3142; Coll(S) 999; Voull(Bonn) 1091; Günt(L) 1348; Hubay(Würzburg) 1954; Ohly-Sack 2590; Borm 2522; [The copy in München BSB has an owner’s inscription with the date 1492] ¶ Kachelofen (d. 1528/9) was likely the second printer of Leipzig, and appears to be the first major publisher to set 


31) Item #235J  Tygrinus or Nicolaus Tegrinus or Tegrini

Lucensium Oratio Luculentissima Pont. Maximo Alexandro Sexto per Nicolaum Tygrinu[m] Lucensem Vtriusq]ue] Iuris.   $4000

[Rome], [Andreas Freitag],15 October 1492, (1448-1527).

. Quarto, 20 x 13 cm. A 4.   7¾ x 5 inches First Edition (see below). This copy is bound in a vellum printed leaf by Jenson, Goff B563  .  Ex-libris Walter Goldwater.

This oration such as most are usually rare and short this one is both it is a tribute from the City of Lucca to the election of Pope Alexander VI. This is one of three almost simultaneously published prints of this on October 25, 1492 before the newly elected Borgia Pope Alexander VI. held this speech. – “”This was the typical ‘Oratio’ – in the style of the times, both florid and unctous – which extolled the virtues of the Pope, traits which subsequent events failed to confirm!”” (Bühler) According to Bühler’s study, The Freitag printing was preceded by the editions of Stephan Planck (in Roman type) , whose corrections Freitag employed in his edition.”
CF Bühler, The Earliest Editions of the “”Oratio”” (1492) by Nicolaus Tygrinus (in: Gutenberg JB 1975, pp. 97-99)” 

Goff T563; HC 15751*; Pell Ms 10972; CIBN T-51; Nice 209; IGI 9670; IBE 5542; BMC IV 137; 

United States of America 
1)Walters Art Museum Library
2)Bryn Mawr College, 
3)Library of Congress, 
5)Huntington Library
6)Southern Methodist Univ., 
7)Yale University.

Andreas Freitag and most of the of other Roman printers of note, Have German names which might indicate German birth and education. This conclusion is warranted by their occasional use of Gothic types for devotional books of inferior size. A few unnamed Italians were connected with these early printing houses, but mainly as patrons or money-lenders. They did not desire to have their names appear as partners. Freitag printed one book at Gaeta dated 1487, then he turns up in Rome in 1492 and seems to have been still printing 1495. Item #235J 


367J Rosenheim, Petrus de Rosenheim. (1380-1432).

Incipt Roseum memoriale divinorum eloquiorum

[Köln] : [Southern Germany :, about 1480-90?] or [Cologne? :, about 1483] or [Ludwig von Renchen?], 1483 Deutschla, ca. 1480.  Price $13,500

Quarto 19 x 15.5 cm.  ( a-f8 ) [1-68]. [48] a1 blank and lacking.  First Edition.  Text in one column, 32 lines. Type: 80G. Initials painted in red, rubricated in red ink throughout . First edition . ¶Gothic script, rubricated, red and blue hand-painted initials, 92 unnumbered pages. A very good copy, old repair to the first blank leaf, a few spots, pale stain at the lower blank corner of the first quires. Rubricated and initials supplied in red and blue. First Edition. This copy is bound in a simple vellum binding from an antiphonal leaf. Gothic script, rubricated, red and blue. 

¶ This is one of the earliest printed books on the ars memorativa or mnemotechnics the rare first edition of the Roseum memoriale composed by the German Benedictine monk Petrus of Rosenhaym (Upper Bavaria), written between 1423 and 1426 for Cardinal Giulio Branda di Castiglione. Petrus of Rosenhaym composed numerous treatises, sermons, and verses: the Roseum memoriale is surely his most famous work, enjoying wide popularity during the fifteenth century and first half of the sixteenth century. 

¶Each couplet commences with a different letter in the order of the alphabet (omitting K, X, Y, Z, but including vowel I). These letters correspond to the numbers that appear on the cuts, and together form a method of memorizing the events of the Scripture as told by each of the Evangelists. It is a poem composed of 1,194 verses followed by an epilogue of seventy-three hexameters, in which every chapter of the Bible (excluding the Psalms) is summed up in a distich. The mnemotechnic method here employed is extremely complex: the hexameters of each section of the summary form an acrostic of the letters of the alphabet.
¶ Based on Latin verses about Holy Scripture, it uses characteristic couplets (distiches) to express the main content of all chapters of the Old and New Testament. 

¶ This was a highly popular and broadly used manual, its copies could be found in almost every European church after the invention of the printing press it was printed in several different locations. This early medieval incunable has not been clearly dated (This edition) researchers attribute it to the Upper Rhine region sometime between 1480 and 1483. . After 1423, he was appointed ‘cursor biblicus’ and ‘magister studentium’.
Dated byGoff and IGI about 1483    “The edition is assigned by Proctor to the printer Ludwig von Renchen, active in Cologne from 1483 to ca. 1495, while ISTC gives Southern Germany between 1480-1490 and GW tentatively suggests Oberrhein, 1483. Item #367J 

 ISTC ir00336000; 

Goff R336; BMC I 312; ; GW M32724; Polain(B) 3128; IBE 4559; IGI 7668; IBP 4380; Sajó-Soltész 2676; Madsen 3549; Borm 2134; Hubay(Würzburg) 1704; AmBCat 199; Walsh 492; Oates 867; Pr 1517; BSB P-362; Van der Haegen II,2:16,4?; Young 278.

Price: $13,500.