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Month

November 2018

Das Narrenschiff :: The ship of fools

5770105The ship of fools is an allegory, originating from Book VI of Plato‘s Republic, about a ship with a dysfunctional crew:

  1. Plato. “VI”. Republic. Translated by Jowett.
Imagine then a fleet or a ship in which there is a captain who is taller and stronger than any of the crew, but he is a little deaf and has a similar infirmity in sight, and his knowledge of navigation is not much better. The sailors are quarreling with one another about the steering––every one is of the opinion that he has a right to steer, though he has never learned the art of navigation and cannot tell who taught him or when he learned, and will further assert that it cannot be taught, and they are ready to cut in pieces any one who says the contrary. They throng about the captain, begging and praying him to commit the helm to them; and if at any time they do not prevail, but others are preferred to them, they kill the others or throw them overboard, and having first chained up the noble captain’s senses with drink or some narcotic drug, they mutiny and take possession of the ship and make free with the stores; thus, eating and drinking, they proceed on their voyage in such a manner as might be expected of them. Him who is their partisan and cleverly aids them in their plot for getting the ship out of the captain’s hands into their own whether by force or persuasion, they compliment with the name of sailor, pilot, able seaman, and abuse the other sort of man, whom they call a good-for-nothing; but that the true pilot must pay attention to the year and seasons and sky and stars and winds, and whatever else belongs to his art, if he intends to be really qualified for the command of a ship, and that he must and will be the steerer, whether other people like or not––the possibility of this union of authority with the steerer’s art has never seriously entered into their thoughts or been made part of their calling. Now in vessels which are in a state of mutiny and by sailors who are mutineers, how will the true pilot be regarded? Will he not be called by them a prater, a star-gazer, a good-for-nothing?[1]

203J Sebastian Brant(1458-1520)

DAS NARRENSCHIFF. {Hie vahet sich an das neü narren schiff vo[n] Narrogonia zu Nutz vnd Heylsamer ler zu vermeyden straffe der narrheyt } 

Basel, Johann Bergmann von Olpe, (12 Feb.) 1499.              $34,000

IMG_0235
Quarto  (213 x 152mm.), 162 leaves (of 164), a-t 8 u v 6,  lacking two leaves: a1 (title) and a8, quire a defective with some loss of text, b1 detached, h8 and i1 defective, s1 torn without loss, s6-8 and t1-6 defective, u6 and quire v torn at upper corner, quire v becoming detached, occasional light staining.  With 112 (of 114)  large woodcuts mostly attributed to Albrecht Dürer and the Haintz Narr Master, a.o. and with elaborate ornamented and historiated woodcut borders on both sides on each page. Gothic type. 30 lines. Bound in original quarter pigskin over wooden boards, expertly restored, wit one original clasp.

5770105

First published in German in 1494 this is a milestone in the history of book illustrations with many woodcuts by Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528), printed from the original blocks. Sebastian Brant’s  work is present here in a rare third German edition printed by the original publisher. In splendid collaboration with this humanist- printer Johann Bergmann of Olpe, the Basel editions of the “Ship of Fools” have turned out as a “remarkably complete mirror of human life”, based upon the “very universality of Brant’s self-righteous surliness.and the picturesqueness of his metaphors” (Panofsky). The illustrations of human weakness in large woodcuts by the young Dürer and the Haintz Narr Master, a.o. are printed from the original blocks.

Its commentary on the boasting, pedantry, false learning, gambling, gluttony, medical folly, adultery, greed, envy, hatred, pride and other failings that mark humanity are sharp and telling, and, sadly, as relevant today as they were 450 years ago.

259L18403_9RMGQ

Before Goethe’s Werther arrived on the scene, this work was the most successful book ever published in Germany, immensely popular and read until it fell to pieces. This is one of literature’s most famous satires and a remarkable illustrated book. Sebastian Brant describes in his “Ship of Fools” the voyage of a ship bearing 100 fools, to the fools’ paradise of Narragonia, and he satirizes all the follies of his time including representatives of every human and social type.

PMM calls it “the first original work by a German which passed into world literature.and helped to blaze the trail that leads from medieval allegory to modern satire, drama and novel of character”.

The reference to the newly discovered America is found on fol. 76 verso (cf. Harrise, BAV, Additions, no. 21).

Complete incunabular editions were issued three times in German by the original printer Bergmann of Olpe with the Dürer woodcuts: These editions are unobtainable. Since 1906 most probably only 1 incomplete copy has been recorded in German book auctions.  

IMG_0243– In the United States there are only four copies of any Incunabular German  editions :  

:The Grüninger, ’11 Feb. 1494′ 1 copy

Morgan Library

1494- 2 copies : 

Morgan Library and Library of Congress   Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection (– a1) .

Bergmann, de Olpe, 3 Mar. 1495  1 copy:

 Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

GW 5047 (records only 11 copies complete or fragmentary in public libraries, the Bodl copy in Oxford is imperfect, as well as the Basel UB copy, the only one in Switzerland, see digitalisat);

Not in Goff : NO US COPIES                                                                                          HC 3742; Pr 7782; Hieronymus, Buchillus. 195; Wilhelmi 182; Panofsky, Dürer II, pp. 275-276; Meder p. 275; cf. PMM 37.

IMG_0239

Holdings

British LibraryBritish Library (IA.37957)

AustriaWien, ÖNB (Ink 12.H.16)
British Isles (without British Library)Oxford Bodley (imperfect)
FranceStrasbourg BNU (2, 1 imperfect)
GermanyBamberg SB
Berlin KupferstichKab
Berlin SB (copy destroyed)
Dresden SLUB
Schleusingen NaturhistM (Prov GymB)
SwitzerlandBasel UB (imperfect)

 GW

05047 Brant, Sebastian: Das Narrenschiff. Basel: Johann Bergmann, 12.II.1499. 4°
164 Bl. a–t⁸uv⁶. 1, Tab. 2 Sp. 30 Z. Typ. 4:220G, 5:109G. Init. b, h. 2 Randleisten pro S. 114 Hlzs., dar. 7 Wdh. DrM III.
Anm. 1. Beschreibung in MRFH [24.VII.2013].
Anm. 2. Antiquariat Hellmut Schumann (Zürich) November 2017 (def.).
Reproduktionen: Res.Publ. Unit 46. Basel UB (Digitalisat).
HC 3742. Schr 3560. CRF XIII 552. VB 615. Pr 7782. BMC III 797.IA 37957. Bod-inc B-504. Deckert 166. ÖNB-Ink B-641. ISTC ib01085100.
Bamberg SB. Basel UB. Berlin Kupferstichkab, *SB†. Dresden SUB. London BL. Oxford Bodl (def.). Schleusingen ehem. Gy. Strasbourg BNU (2 Ex., 1. Ex. def., 2. Ex. def.). Wien NB.
Gesamtüberlieferung: 11 Exemplare/Fragmente in öffentlichen Einrichtungen.
HC 3742; Schr 3560; Zehnacker 552; Voull(B) 615; Deckert 166; Bod-inc B-504; Sheppard 2563; Pr 7782; BMC III 797; GW 5047   
260L18403_9RMGQ

Navigating Dürer’s Woodcuts for The Ship of Fools

At the start of his career, as a young man in his twenties, Albrecht Dürer created a series of woodcuts to illustrate Sebastian Brant’s The Ship of Fools of 1494. Dürer scholar Rangsook Yoon explores the significance of these early pieces and how in their subtlety of allegory they show promise of his masterpieces to come.

Attributed to Albrecht Dürer, woodcut illustration for Chapter 85, “Not Providing for Death”.

The celebrated Nuremberg artist Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) spent part of his journeyman years, from 1492 to 1494, in Basel, working as a woodcut designer for some of the most eminent publishers of his time, including Johann Bergmann von Olpe, Johannes Amerbach, and Nicolaus Kessler. Basel, along with Strasbourg, Augsburg and Nuremberg, was a prosperous commercial town and a leading artistic and publishing center in the North of the Alps. Dürer’s journeyman experience here was crucial in his formation as a woodcut designer deeply engaged in the early publishing industry. The most important woodcut project that he was involved with during this time was the design of an extensive illustration cycle to accompany *The Ship of Fools*, the satirical verses composed in German by Sebastian Brant (1457-1521) and published by Bergmann von Olpe in 1494. This collection of moralizing stories was an instant best-seller; so much so that in that same year, five separate pirated editions appeared in Strasbourg, Augsburg, Nuremberg, and Reutingen. No doubt, its numerous whimsical woodcuts depicting various types of foolish and sinful human behavior contributed to its great success, as these illustrations were copied in all subsequent editions until the late sixteenth century. Nowadays, in general, about two-thirds of the 114 illustrations (counting 9 repeating ones) in the 1494 edition are attributed to the young Dürer, while the rest, which are found inferior in design and cutting, are ascribed to anonymous masters, such as the so-called Master of the Haintz Narr (named after the namesake scene in The Ship of Fools). A more conservative view, expressed by the art historian Erwin Panofsky in 1945, attributes only one-third of the illustrations to Dürer.

The Master of the Haintz Narr, woodcut illustration for Chapter 5 , “Of Old Fools”.
Attributed to Albrecht Dürer, woodcut illustration for Chapter 14, “Of Insolence toward God”.

Overall, the woodcuts Dürer made during his journeyman years are not as impressive as those he created later as an independent master in Nuremberg. For example, hatching lines used for modeling consist here only of simple parallel lines, and the contour lines during this early period are depicted crudely and overly thick without much variation. The artist presumably simplified his illustrations so as to accommodate the limited skills of block-cutters (Formschneider) who were in charge of cutting the woodblocks he designed. Nevertheless, Dürer’s woodcuts in The Ship of Fools already reveal seeds of his stylistic elements and motifs found later in his career. They also betray a greater understanding of the book’s narrative and allegorical content, suggesting that he worked closely with Brant, possibly responding directly to the author’s demands and instructions. Dürer’s intimate knowledge of Brant’s text can best be illustrated by examining the original title page designed by the Nuremberg artist, The Fools on a Cart and a Boatload of Fools.

Dürer’s Fools on a Cart and a Boatload of Fools, the original title page.

This woodcut of Dürer’s occupies almost the entire title page and consists of two scenes that are vertically arranged. The upper compartment shows figures in fools’ caps — shaped like donkey’s ears and adorned with bells — riding a cart pulled by horses and being guided by fools. This uppermost register also has the book’s title, “The Ship of Fools” (“Das Narren Schiff”), carved on the same woodblock as the image. In the lower section, three boats of yelling and singing rowdy fools set out for their destination, “The Land of Fools” (“Ad Narragoniam”), as indicated in the caption. Attentive viewers may find it odd that two different allegorical subjects, both the multiple ships of fools and a single cart of fools, are juxtaposed in this original title cut of 1494. It differs greatly from the better-known title cuts of later years, all of which utilize the image of only a large ship of fools, thus visualizing the book’s title verbatim. This seemingly dissonant title cut of 1494, however, confirms that Dürer was indeed well aware of the structure and themes of Brant’s original German text at the time of its conception and original publication.

Despite the book’s title, in Brant’s original text, the idea of a ‘ship’ is not central, but rather, incidental. As noteworthy as the ship is, it is only one amongst a number of diverse motifs including a cart, a dance, a wheel of fortune, a net, a mirror, and a bagpipe. The ship motif became the book’s foremost leitmotif only when, while being translated into Latin, Jacob Locher, Brant’s pupil, extensively rearranged and revised Brant’s text to give it a semblance of unity, which was found lacking in Brant’s original. This Latin edition, translated and edited by Locher and first published by Bergmann von Olpe in 1497, became the standard version of The Ship of Fools’ text that was repeatedly copied in all following editions and translations.

Given all, at the time of the book’s first publication, Dürer’s title cut, with both the cart and multiple ships, advertise the book’s full content more adequately than its short, unilateral title. It complements the title words in communicating the book’s complex, multi-structural narrative elements to the reading public, and further, it mirrors the general structure of the book.

The Ship of Fools, which consists of 112 chapters, is roughly dividable into two parts. In contrast to the first half of the book (that is, the first 61 chapters), where the metaphor of a ship plays a small role except in chapter 48 (“A Journeyman’s Ship”), the ship motif is disproportionately greater in the second half: the prologue (since it was written last) and chapters 103 (“Of the Antichrist”), 91 (“Of Prattling in Church”), 108 (“The Schluraffen Ship”), and 109 (“ Contempt of Misfortune”). We gather that Brant gradually realized its symbolic importance in the process of his writing. The significance of the ship in the second part is even more apparent when one examines the text illustrations. Even when the ship is only briefly mentioned, or even not mentioned at all, it is still visually depicted, sometimes as a tiny object floating on a lake (or a sea) in the background, and sometimes far more conspicuously. This can bee seen in chapters 68 (“Not Taking a Joke”), 72 (“Of Coarse Fools”), 75 (“Of Bad Marksmen”), 80 (“Foolish News”), and 81 (“Of Cooks and Waiters”).

Attributed to Albrecht Dürer, woodcut illustration for chapter 103 , “Of the Antichrist”.
Attributed to Albrecht Dürer, woodcut illustration for chapter 75, “Of Bad Marksmen”.

The motif of a cart of fools is treated as a principal theme only twice in the book, once in chapter 47 (“On the Road of Salvation”) and another time in chapter 91 (“Of Prattling in Church”), where both the cart and the ship are addressed simultaneously. Less emphatically, the cart motif is mentioned once again in chapter 53 (“Of Envy and Hatred”). However, Dürer’s depiction of the cart, along with ships, on the title page serve well as metaphors for land- and sea-going vehicles carrying the fools, thus conveying the universality of all the fools described by the text.

With the editorial changes made to Brant’s text by Locher, who utilized ‘the ship of fools’ as the leitmotif throughout, not only in the first Latin edition of 1497 but also in all subsequent publications (both authorized and pirated), the book no longer reproduced or imitated the original title page design by Dürer. Instead, after 1497, a different woodcut, rendering only a large ship laden with fools and attributed to the Master of the Haintz Narr, repeatedly served as the title cut prototype. In 1494, the Master of the Haintz Narr’s woodcut originally appeared as the frontispiece on the verso of the title page, and also can be found as an illustration accompanying chapter 108, “The Schluraffen Ship.” As the concept of the ship became the most significant motif of the book, this woodcut became the most fitting image for the title cut, as it visualizes the two principal ideas of the book and its title — namely, both a ship and fools. However, it is Dürer’s original title cut for the 1494 edition which represents the book’s original structure and thematic concerns much more faithfully and allegorically.

Master of Haintz Narr, the frontispiece of the 1494 edition which became a popular choice for title page in later editions.

Throughout his career as a successful independent master in Nuremberg, Dürer continued to create woodcuts that were meant to accompany texts. He provided numerous humanist friends and Nuremberg publishers with woodcuts to illustrate their new publications. Best known works, of course, are his own illustrated books, such as the Apocalypse (1498; the second edition in 1511), the Large Passion (1511), the Life of the Virgin Mary (1511), and the Small Passion (1511). Here, the primary features are the woodcuts themselves, rather than texts, and significantly, he self-published them by hiring printers. Dürer’s later productions of such high caliber, innovation, and audacity cannot be fully understood without taking into consideration his invaluable journeyman experience in the large publishing companies and his participation in executing extensive illustration cycles such
as The Ship of Fools in Basel.


Rangsook Yoon is Assistant Professor of Art History at Central College in Pella, Iowa, specialising in Dürer’s early career as a print-maker and self-publisher. She is currently working on several articles dealing with Dürer’s woodcuts during his apprenticeship and journeyman years, as well as a book about the Apocalypse.

Fascicule XIV. The Boston Antiquarian Book show 2018 Highlight List

Here is a Link to some of the Treasures I will be bringing :https://www.dropbox.com/s/x78waframq8mgku/%E2%88%9E%C2%A7%C2%B6%E2%80%A2Booth%20124..pdf?dl=0

BOOTH 124

TO THE  image.png

November 16-18, 2018 | Boston, MA

Hynes Convention Center

Boston, MA

Friday: 5pm – 9pm

Saturday: Noon – 7pm

Sunday: Noon – 5pm

Please feel free to contact me if there is any book which you would especially like to see.   jamesgray2@me.com

The Boston Book Fair is the annual fall gathering for book lovers and collectors, featuring the top selection of items available on the international literary market. Come see and shop over 130 U.S. and international dealers, sanctioned by the Antiquarian Booksellers’ Association of America and the International League of Antiquarian Booksellers.

 http://bit.ly/2zOqbSk

Here is a Price list:

210JKing James Bible1611$230,000

181JPsalterium Latinum$95,000

228JAferPublii Terentii Comoediae$900

738GAlciatiEmblemata1600$1,100

607FAnon.Poems on Affairs of State1689$1,800

503FAnon.The Secret History of Q. Eliz.1695$1,500

696GAnon.Letters From the Living1703$2,100

179FBaconAdv. of Learning (2 Books)1633$1,750

183FBaconAdv. of Learning (2 Books)1633$1950

829GBaconAdv. of Learning1640$2,200

722FBaconEssays or Counsels1680$900

693GBaconHistory of King Henry VII1629$1,100

797GBaconSylva Sylvarum1635$3,500

828GBaconSylva Sylvarum1658$2,500

221JBaconThe Cure of Old Age1683$2,900

998GBasinDe magicis artibus1491$28,000

222JBoeceHistory of Scotland1585$2,000

10HBoethiusDe Consolatione Philosophiae1487$16,000

144JBoethiusDe Consolatione Philosophiae1491$9,000

992GBrowneMyographia Nova1698$5,500

756DBurnetThe Life of E. of Rochester1680$1,600

203JBrantDAS NARRENSCHIFF 1499$34,000

960GByardDictionarius Pauperum1511$3,500

942GCarcanoSermonarium1496$9,000

980EClevelandPoems1665$2,200

128FClevelandRevived1668$4,000

813EClevelandWorks1687$3,500

115FClevelandWorks1687$1,800

173JCochlaeusDe Petro et Roma$6,000

582GCranmerDefense… Catholic Doctrine1550$28,000

147FCreechLucretius’ Philosophy1683$2,800

655GD’AvenantWorks1673$2,500

109FDaviesNature a Nosce teipsum1697$3,000

230JDefoeThe Union of Great Britian1709$1,500

250JDenhamPoems and Translations1668$400

733EDenhamPoems and Translations1671$1,150

732EDenhamPoems and Translations1684$950

756GDiodorusBibliotheke1505$2,900

1022EDraytonPoems1637$3,200

894FDrummondWorks1711$3,500

166FDrydenBritannia Rediviva1688$4,500

453FDrydenLucretius1709$1,200

142FD’UfreyButlers Ghost1682$2,200

936EErasmusThe First and Second Tome1548$38,000

193JErasmusNew Testament1560$7,000

184JEsmer Missae Christianorum1524$7,000

200JEstienneBiblia Hebraica (Five Volumes)1539$20,000

188JEstienneNew Testament1550$18,000

849GEtheregeThe Comical Revenge1669$1,700

945GEusebiusPraeparatio Evangelica1473$18,000

IMG_0323

815GFischerDefensio Cõtra Lutherum1525$2,500

664EFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,200

120FFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,200

121FFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,800

664GFullerChurch History of Britian1656$3,500

249JFullerHistorie of the Holy Warre1640$450

454GFloydSaint Augustine1686$2,000

640GGebertEpistola Gerberti1611$2,900

535GGerbecMiscellanea Curiosa1685$2,200

166JGiesAVTORITATES ALLEGABILES1526$3,500

700GGregory Nomenclatura Brevis1672 $2,200

770EGreville Works1633$5,500

IMG_0093195JGyrnaeusDe Eucharistica Controversia1584$3,000

670GGurnayDemonstration of Antichrist1631$2,900

825GHalePrimitive Origin of Mankind1677$3,200

247JHardouyn Heures a lusaige de Romme1509$53,000

830EHerbertA Priest to the Temple1701$700

689GHerbertThe Temple/ The Synagogue1674$4,500

209FHowellDodona’s Grove1644$3,000

190JHuttenPasquillorum Tomi Duo1544$4,200

805GIrvineHistoriæ Scoticæ1682$2,500

393GJenksThe Art of Love1702$2,000

189JJoyeOur Sauiour Jesus Christ1543$9,000

204JKeymorsDutch Fishing1664$2,600

622GKircherArs Magna Sciendi1669$11,500

850GLatimerLatimer’s 1st and 2nd Sermons1549$14,200

747915_view 03_03

779GLingWits Common-wealth1647$4,900

551GLingWits Common-wealth1684$4,900

183JLutherDas Fünffte, Sechste und Siebend1532$4,700

175JLutherEin Brieff D.M. Luther1538$4,000

197JLutherVrsach Vnd Antwort1523$4,000

234JMagisterSummula Clarissimi Iuriscon1500$4,500

153GMaraffiOld and New Testaments1554$4,000

226JMartinNew Testament1582$45,000

631GMatherPlatform of Church-Discipline1711$15,000

714GMelanchthonThe Augsburg Confession1531$22,000

176JMelanchthonIN D. PAVLI DOCTRINAM1522$4,500

904GMetcalfeShort-writing1689$5,500

957GMiddletonCommentum1476$23,000

180FMiscellanyPoems on Affairs of State1702$2,500

197FMiscellanyPoems on Affairs of State1703$1,100

145JPergulensisLogica magistri1495$12,500

103GPhillipsLetters from Orinda1705$5,500

933GPhillipsPoems1678$4,500

172JPigochetHeures a l’usaige de Romme1498$15,000

407FQuarlesDivine Poems1638$1,000

709FRandolphPoems1652$1,500

111FRandolphPoems1652$1,500

IMG_0129452G Ray Miscellaneous Discourses1692$2,500

261FRoscommonPoems1717$1,500

248JRoscommonPoems1717$1,500

178JSickingenEyn Sendbrieff1522$4,800

695BSidneyDiscourses Concerning Gov’t1698$4,000

477ESidneyPembrokes Arcadia1633$3,200

536SpencerVulgar Prophecies1665$450

893FSucklingFragmenta Aurea1646$5,500

134FSucklingWorks1709$1,800

477FTatePoems1677$2,600

804GTertullianTertullian’s apology1655$2,550

167FThomasLuctus Britannici1700$2,300

209JTrovamalaIncipit Liber1499$7,500

235JTygrinusLucensium Oratio Luculentissima1492$4,000

IMG_0089

 

108FWallerPoems1668$1,800

758FWardCalves-Head Club1709$2,700

807EWildIter Boreale1668$2,800

472FWildIter Boreale1668$2,800

789GWildIter Boreale1670$2,800

735FWilmotPoems1696$6,600

263FWottonReliquiæ Wottonianæ1672$1,500

171JZwingliQuo Pacto Ingenui1523$19,800

 

IMG_0088H19386-L153309897 4IMG_0209IMG_0084IMG_0068DSC_00275770145180j1 2messagepart 25770105DSC_0029 5DSC_0027 7DSC_0023IMG_0025DSC_0047

 

Fascicule XIV. The Boston Antiquarian Book show 2018 Highlight List

Here is a Link to some of the Treasures I will be bringing :https://www.dropbox.com/s/x78waframq8mgku/%E2%88%9E%C2%A7%C2%B6%E2%80%A2Booth%20124..pdf?dl=0

BOOTH 124

TO THE  image.png

November 16-18, 2018 | Boston, MA

Hynes Convention Center

Boston, MA

Friday: 5pm – 9pm

Saturday: Noon – 7pm

Sunday: Noon – 5pm

Please feel free to contact me if there is any book which you would especially like to see.   jamesgray2@me.com

The Boston Book Fair is the annual fall gathering for book lovers and collectors, featuring the top selection of items available on the international literary market. Come see and shop over 130 U.S. and international dealers, sanctioned by the Antiquarian Booksellers’ Association of America and the International League of Antiquarian Booksellers.

 http://bit.ly/2zOqbSk

Here is a Price list:

210JKing James Bible1611$230,000

181JPsalterium Latinum$95,000

228JAferPublii Terentii Comoediae$900

738GAlciatiEmblemata1600$1,100

607FAnon.Poems on Affairs of State1689$1,800

503FAnon.The Secret History of Q. Eliz.1695$1,500

696GAnon.Letters From the Living1703$2,100

179FBaconAdv. of Learning (2 Books)1633$1,750

183FBaconAdv. of Learning (2 Books)1633$1950

829GBaconAdv. of Learning1640$2,200

722FBaconEssays or Counsels1680$900

693GBaconHistory of King Henry VII1629$1,100

797GBaconSylva Sylvarum1635$3,500

828GBaconSylva Sylvarum1658$2,500

221JBaconThe Cure of Old Age1683$2,900

998GBasinDe magicis artibus1491$28,000

222JBoeceHistory of Scotland1585$2,000

10HBoethiusDe Consolatione Philosophiae1487$16,000

144JBoethiusDe Consolatione Philosophiae1491$9,000

992GBrowneMyographia Nova1698$5,500

756DBurnetThe Life of E. of Rochester1680$1,600

203JBrantDAS NARRENSCHIFF 1499$34,000

960GByardDictionarius Pauperum1511$3,500

942GCarcanoSermonarium1496$9,000

980EClevelandPoems1665$2,200

128FClevelandRevived1668$4,000

813EClevelandWorks1687$3,500

115FClevelandWorks1687$1,800

173JCochlaeusDe Petro et Roma$6,000

582GCranmerDefense… Catholic Doctrine1550$28,000

147FCreechLucretius’ Philosophy1683$2,800

655GD’AvenantWorks1673$2,500

109FDaviesNature a Nosce teipsum1697$3,000

230JDefoeThe Union of Great Britian1709$1,500

250JDenhamPoems and Translations1668$400

733EDenhamPoems and Translations1671$1,150

732EDenhamPoems and Translations1684$950

756GDiodorusBibliotheke1505$2,900

1022EDraytonPoems1637$3,200

894FDrummondWorks1711$3,500

166FDrydenBritannia Rediviva1688$4,500

453FDrydenLucretius1709$1,200

142FD’UfreyButlers Ghost1682$2,200

936EErasmusThe First and Second Tome1548$38,000

193JErasmusNew Testament1560$7,000

184JEsmer Missae Christianorum1524$7,000

200JEstienneBiblia Hebraica (Five Volumes)1539$20,000

188JEstienneNew Testament1550$18,000

849GEtheregeThe Comical Revenge1669$1,700

945GEusebiusPraeparatio Evangelica1473$18,000

IMG_0323

815GFischerDefensio Cõtra Lutherum1525$2,500

664EFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,200

120FFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,200

121FFlatmanPoems and Songs1682$1,800

664GFullerChurch History of Britian1656$3,500

249JFullerHistorie of the Holy Warre1640$450

454GFloydSaint Augustine1686$2,000

640GGebertEpistola Gerberti1611$2,900

535GGerbecMiscellanea Curiosa1685$2,200

166JGiesAVTORITATES ALLEGABILES1526$3,500

700GGregory Nomenclatura Brevis1672 $2,200

770EGreville Works1633$5,500

IMG_0093195JGyrnaeusDe Eucharistica Controversia1584$3,000

670GGurnayDemonstration of Antichrist1631$2,900

825GHalePrimitive Origin of Mankind1677$3,200

247JHardouyn Heures a lusaige de Romme1509$53,000

830EHerbertA Priest to the Temple1701$700

689GHerbertThe Temple/ The Synagogue1674$4,500

209FHowellDodona’s Grove1644$3,000

190JHuttenPasquillorum Tomi Duo1544$4,200

805GIrvineHistoriæ Scoticæ1682$2,500

393GJenksThe Art of Love1702$2,000

189JJoyeOur Sauiour Jesus Christ1543$9,000

204JKeymorsDutch Fishing1664$2,600

622GKircherArs Magna Sciendi1669$11,500

850GLatimerLatimer’s 1st and 2nd Sermons1549$14,200

747915_view 03_03

779GLingWits Common-wealth1647$4,900

551GLingWits Common-wealth1684$4,900

183JLutherDas Fünffte, Sechste und Siebend1532$4,700

175JLutherEin Brieff D.M. Luther1538$4,000

197JLutherVrsach Vnd Antwort1523$4,000

234JMagisterSummula Clarissimi Iuriscon1500$4,500

153GMaraffiOld and New Testaments1554$4,000

226JMartinNew Testament1582$45,000

631GMatherPlatform of Church-Discipline1711$15,000

714GMelanchthonThe Augsburg Confession1531$22,000

176JMelanchthonIN D. PAVLI DOCTRINAM1522$4,500

904GMetcalfeShort-writing1689$5,500

957GMiddletonCommentum1476$23,000

180FMiscellanyPoems on Affairs of State1702$2,500

197FMiscellanyPoems on Affairs of State1703$1,100

145JPergulensisLogica magistri1495$12,500

103GPhillipsLetters from Orinda1705$5,500

933GPhillipsPoems1678$4,500

172JPigochetHeures a l’usaige de Romme1498$15,000

407FQuarlesDivine Poems1638$1,000

709FRandolphPoems1652$1,500

111FRandolphPoems1652$1,500

IMG_0129452G Ray Miscellaneous Discourses1692$2,500

261FRoscommonPoems1717$1,500

248JRoscommonPoems1717$1,500

178JSickingenEyn Sendbrieff1522$4,800

695BSidneyDiscourses Concerning Gov’t1698$4,000

477ESidneyPembrokes Arcadia1633$3,200

536SpencerVulgar Prophecies1665$450

893FSucklingFragmenta Aurea1646$5,500

134FSucklingWorks1709$1,800

477FTatePoems1677$2,600

804GTertullianTertullian’s apology1655$2,550

167FThomasLuctus Britannici1700$2,300

209JTrovamalaIncipit Liber1499$7,500

235JTygrinusLucensium Oratio Luculentissima1492$4,000

IMG_0089

 

108FWallerPoems1668$1,800

758FWardCalves-Head Club1709$2,700

807EWildIter Boreale1668$2,800

472FWildIter Boreale1668$2,800

789GWildIter Boreale1670$2,800

735FWilmotPoems1696$6,600

263FWottonReliquiæ Wottonianæ1672$1,500

171JZwingliQuo Pacto Ingenui1523$19,800

 

IMG_0088H19386-L153309897 4IMG_0209IMG_0084IMG_0068DSC_00275770145180j1 2messagepart 25770105DSC_0029 5DSC_0027 7DSC_0023IMG_0025DSC_0047

 

Hardouyn Heures on vellum!s

N.

Heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long                           sans riens requerir : avec les figures de la                        vie de lhomme: et la destruction de hierusa=lem.

Tout pour le Mieulx.

747915

Paris : Par Gillet Hardouyn imprimeur, 1509     $53,000

Large Quarto 9 x 5 3/4   inches (a very Large copy)  [92] Vellum leaves A-L8, M4  complete.

Printed in red and black. 21 full -page Illustrations,  and 28 small woodcuts along the text, from the Master of the Apocalypse Rose, and IMG_0336Pichore design. All the borders are painted . ILLUMINATED IN GOLD AND  very vivid COLOURS BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND, liquid-gold initials and line-filler the illustrations are mostly of Gospel scenes; numerous small illustrations of saints and miscellaneous subjects; each text page within varying historiated border. One- and two-line initials in gold on blue or red ground throughout. The imagery in this book combines metalcut designs by Jean Pichore with the rich illumination of a painter.

Large R (for Rome) on first four leaves of each quire, in a line with the signature.

This copy is bound in 18thcentury tan calf recently rebacked.

IMG_0316
HARDOUYN (Gilles or Gillet), son of Guillaume, born in 1455, libr. – juror and printer, 1491-1521; resigns his duties as a free juror on 9 Sept. 1519. He was first a bookseller and IMG_0319then also a typographer, he was, together with Germain Hardouyn, one does not know if his son or brother, among the first to introduce in the decoration of the Livres d’heures the style of the Italian Renaissance.   He published exclusively books of hours. Before the fall of Pont-Notre-Dame (25 Oct. 1499), he lives in the 8th house of the bridge. Then He can be found: – “At the end of the bridge at the Change, at the sign of the Rose, below the beautiful Ymaige; – On the bridge at the Change near the beautiful Ymaige Notre Dame at the sign of the Rose “; At this location he is listed as  was only bookseller. And almost IMG_0331every Hours that bears this address have the name of another printer than him. In 1509, he became a printer and established himself: – “At the end of the bridge Notre Dame before saints Denis de la Chartre at the sign of the Rose dor; – In confinio pontis Nostræ Dominæ, ante ecclesiam sancti Dionisii of carcere, ad intersignum Rosæ deauratæ; Several books of hours bearing this address and his name as imprint. With an almanac beginning earlier, are not earlier than 1509. He keeps this address until the end .

Documents: Arch. Nat., ZIH 24, 364; L. DOREZ, Notes … n ° 11; P. LACOMBE, Books of Hours, Passim. We admit here with Leon Dorez, that the libr.-juror who resigns his office in 1519 and who is called Gilbert is the same as Gillet; however it is qualified factor , which seems to apply with difficulty to a printer having produced as much as him. – The ancestors of the Hardouyn had always lived and “exposed their days” on the bridge Notre Dame. 

IMG_0325Sig. A1r (Hercules and the centaur Nessus* ), a1v almanac for 1508-20, a2r-7r calendar, a7v-B1v Gospel sequence [Martyrdom of St. John, two portrait cuts], B2r-6r Passion according to St. John [Crucifixion], B6r-7r Obsecro te, B7v-c8r Hours of the Virgin: Matins-Lauds [Adam and Eve, Annunciation, Visitation], C8v-F2r Hours of the Cross and of the Holy Ghost, intermingled with Hours of the Virgin: Prime-Compline [Flagellation, Pentecost, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi (x 2), Flight into Egypt, Coronation of the Virgin], F2v-3v prayers for saying on weekdays, F4r-8r prayers for saying on Saturday and others, F8v- G5r Seven Penitential Psalms [a Prophet, David],IMG_0332 G5r-8r Litany of Saints, G8v-I6v Office of the Dead [a Prophet, Job on his Dungheap], I7r-8v prayers to the Virgin and to St. John the Evangelist, I8v-K5v suffrages, K5v-7v prayers to the Virgin, Missus est Gabriel, K8r-L3v seven prayers to St Gregory, Seven joys of the Virgin, and other prayers in Latin and French, L4r contents, L4v colophon, M1-6 Office of the Immaculate Conception).M4 Prayer: Jesus soit en ma teste; M4v colophon..

Full page woodcuts:
A1 Hardouin Device, the Centaurus Nessus, Heracles and the abduction of Deianira;
A1v Planetary man, in the form of a Skeleton;
A6 Martyrdom of Johannes the Evangelist, in the cauldron of boiling oil;

IMG_0346
A8v Impotence of the soldiers in the capture of Christ in Gethsemane-Ego Sum;
B4v Divine Decree, the Church and the virtues;
B5 Annunciation;
C3v The meeting of Joachim and Anna at the Golden Gate;
C8V Flagellation of Christ;
D1 Crucifixion;

IMG_0313
D2 Pentecost;
D3 Nativity;
D5v Annunciation to the Shepherds;

747915_view 02_02-2

D6 Nativity (from Simone Vostre Quart Series);
E1 Adoration of the Magi;
E3v Presentation in the Temple;
E6 Massacre of the Innocents;

IMG_0323
F1v Death of the Virgin;

IMG_0345
F8v battle and Death of Uriah;

747915_view 03_03
G1 King David and Bathsheba bathing;
G8v The poor Lazarus at the banquet of the rich, “Lazarus and Dives”;
H1 Massacre of the Innocents (Repeated);
L 8v Mary Immaculate;
M4v Hardouin Device.

Small Woodcuts:
A7, San Luca Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
A7v, San Matthew Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
A7v, San Mark Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
C8, Sanhedrin trial of Jesus;
I8 Man of Sorrows on a sarcophagus;
I8v Man of Sorrows on a sarcophagus (repeated);
I8v miracle of Pentecost;
K1v Annunciation;
K4v Archangel Michael as a conqueror of the Satan;
K4v Beheading of John the Baptist;IMG_0329
K5 John the evangelist with the cup of poison;
K5 decapitation of the Apostle Peter;
K5v St. James at pilgrimage with book;
K6 Martyrdom of St. Stephen standing with book and stones;
K6 St. Lawrence on the grill;
K6 St. Christopher carrying the Christ;
K6V Martyrdom of St. Sebastian;
K7v St. Nicholas with the three boys;
K7v St. Claudius as a bishop with book;
K8 St. Anthony as a hermit with his pig;
K8 St. Anne teaches Maria to read;
K8v St. Mary Magdalene standing with the Ampulla;
K8V St. Catherine with wheel, sword and book;
L1 St. Margaret escaping from the Satan, in the shape of a dragon;
L1 St. Barbara standing with tower and palm branch;
L1v Beheading of St. Barbara;
L3 Crucifixion with Mary and John;
L6 Annunciation to Mary. The words on the fourth line of the colophon and the entire 3 lines below that obliterated. Contemporary owner’s motto and arms painted in colors and gold on vellum leaves at beginning and end; early 19th-century booklabel of Bettison’s of Cheltenham & Leamington; 19th-century armorial bookplate of George Folliot.IMG_0340

In these Hardouyn Hours the metal cuts are emulating those of “Vostre”s new style of illustration”(see the next item in this catalogue).

IMG_0363

Bohatta 887, 891, ; Brun, pages 18 and 210 (“la meilleure production des presses d”Hardouyn”); Fairfax Murray/French 270; Lacombe 199. Brunet, Manuel , V, Paris 1864, coll. 1628-1644; Ph. Renouard, Imprimeurs Parisiens , etc., Paris 1898; P. Lacombe, Livres d’heures etc., Paris 1907; Bohatta, Bibliographie des livres d’heures .Vienna 1909; R. Brun, Le livre illustré en France au XVI and siècle , Paris 1930, pp. 22-26.
  1. Newberry Library IMG_0365

2.Huntington Library,

3.Morgan Library & Museum

4.University of British. Columbia

5.University of Cambridge

  1. 6 Koninklijike Bibliotheek

747915_view 04_04

Nessus is well known for his part in the story of the Shirt of Nessus. He was a ferryman, and one day, he had to carry Deianeira, wife of Heracules, across the river. After they crossed the river, Nessus tried to have sex with her, but Hercules watching from the other riverbank, shot an arrow straight into Nessus’ chest. Before he drew his final breath, Nessus told Deianeira that his blood would ensure that her husband would be faithful to her in eternity. Deianeira believed him and collected some of the centaur’s blood.

(E.B.)

IMG_0344

Hardouyn Heures on vellum!

247J.

Heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long                           sans riens requerir : avec les figures de la                        vie de lhomme: et la destruction de hierusa=lem.

Tout pour le Mieulx.

747915

Paris : Par Gillet Hardouyn imprimeur, 1509     $53,000

Large Quarto 9x 5 3/4   inches (a very Large copy)  [92] Vellum leaves A-L8, M4  complete.

Printed in red and black. 21 full -page Illustrations,  and 28 small woodcuts along the text, from the Master of the Apocalypse Rose, and Pichore design. All the borders are painted . ILLUMINATED IN GOLD AND  very vivid COLOURS BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND, liquid-gold initials and line-filler the illustrations are mostly of Gospel scenes; numerous small illustrations of saints and miscellaneous subjects; each text page within varying historiated border. One- and two-line initials in gold on blue or red ground throughout. The imagery in this book combines metalcut designs by Jean Pichore with the rich illumination of a painter.

Large R (for Rome) on first four leaves of each quire, in a line with the signature.

This copy is bound in 18thcentury tan calf recently rebacked.

IMG_0316
HARDOUYN (Gilles or Gillet), son of Guillaume, born in 1455, libr. – juror and printer, 1491-1521; resigns his duties as a free juror on 9 Sept. 1519. He was first a bookseller and then also a typographer, he was, together with Germain Hardouyn, one does not know if his son or brother, among the first to introduce in the decoration of the Livres d’heures the style of the Italian Renaissance.   He published exclusively books of hours. Before the fall of Pont-Notre-Dame (25 Oct. 1499), he lives in the 8th house of the bridge. Then He can be found: – “At the end of the bridge at the Change, at the sign of the Rose, below the beautiful Ymaige; – On the bridge at the Change near the beautiful Ymaige Notre Dame at the sign of the Rose “; At this location he is listed as  was only bookseller. And almost every Hours that bears this address have the name of another printer than him. In 1509, he became a printer and established himself: – “At the end of the bridge Notre Dame before saints Denis de la Chartre at the sign of the Rose dor; – In confinio pontis Nostræ Dominæ, ante ecclesiam sancti Dionisii of carcere, ad intersignum Rosæ deauratæ; Several books of hours bearing this address and his name as imprint. With an almanac beginning earlier, are not earlier than 1509. He keeps this address until the end .

Documents: Arch. Nat., ZIH 24, 364; L. DOREZ, Notes … n ° 11; P. LACOMBE, Books of Hours, Passim. We admit here with Leon Dorez, that the libr.-juror who resigns his office in 1519 and who is called Gilbert is the same as Gillet; however it is qualified factor , which seems to apply with difficulty to a printer having produced as much as him. – The ancestors of the Hardouyn had always lived and “exposed their days” on the bridge Notre Dame. 

Sig. A1r (Hercules and the centaur Nessus* ), a1v almanac for 1508-20, a2r-7r calendar, a7v-B1v Gospel sequence [Martyrdom of St. John, two portrait cuts], B2r-6r Passion according to St. John [Crucifixion], B6r-7r Obsecro te, B7v-c8r Hours of the Virgin: Matins-Lauds [Adam and Eve, Annunciation, Visitation], C8v-F2r Hours of the Cross and of the Holy Ghost, intermingled with Hours of the Virgin: Prime-Compline [Flagellation, Pentecost, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi (x 2), Flight into Egypt, Coronation of the Virgin], F2v-3v prayers for saying on weekdays, F4r-8r prayers for saying on Saturday and others, F8v- G5r Seven Penitential Psalms [a Prophet, David], G5r-8r Litany of Saints, G8v-I6v Office of the Dead [a Prophet, Job on his Dungheap], I7r-8v prayers to the Virgin and to St. John the Evangelist, I8v-K5v suffrages, K5v-7v prayers to the Virgin, Missus est Gabriel, K8r-L3v seven prayers to St Gregory, Seven joys of the Virgin, and other prayers in Latin and French, L4r contents, L4v colophon, M1-6 Office of the Immaculate Conception).M4 Prayer: Jesus soit en ma teste; M4v colophon..

Full page woodcuts:
A1 Hardouin Device, the Centaurus Nessus, Heracles and the abduction of Deianira;
A1v Planetary man, in the form of a Skeleton;
A6 Martyrdom of Johannes the Evangelist, in the cauldron of boiling oil;

IMG_0346
A8v Impotence of the soldiers in the capture of Christ in Gethsemane-Ego Sum;
B4v Divine Decree, the Church and the virtues;
B5 Annunciation;
C3v The meeting of Joachim and Anna at the Golden Gate;
C8V Flagellation of Christ;
D1 Crucifixion;

IMG_0313
D2 Pentecost;
D3 Nativity;
D5v Annunciation to the Shepherds;

747915_view 02_02-2

D6 Nativity (from Simone Vostre Quart Series);
E1 Adoration of the Magi;
E3v Presentation in the Temple;
E6 Massacre of the Innocents;

IMG_0323
F1v Death of the Virgin;

IMG_0345
F8v battle and Death of Uriah;

747915_view 03_03
G1 King David and Bathsheba bathing;
G8v The poor Lazarus at the banquet of the rich, “Lazarus and Dives”;
H1 Massacre of the Innocents (Repeated);
L 8v Mary Immaculate;
M4v Hardouin Device.

Small Woodcuts:
A7, San Luca Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
A7v, San Matthew Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
A7v, San Mark Evangelist in the Scriptorium;
C8, Sanhedrin trial of Jesus;
I8 Man of Sorrows on a sarcophagus;
I8v Man of Sorrows on a sarcophagus (repeated);
I8v miracle of Pentecost;
K1v Annunciation;
K4v Archangel Michael as a conqueror of the Satan;
K4v Beheading of John the Baptist;IMG_0329
K5 John the evangelist with the cup of poison;
K5 decapitation of the Apostle Peter;
K5v St. James at pilgrimage with book;
K6 Martyrdom of St. Stephen standing with book and stones;
K6 St. Lawrence on the grill;
K6 St. Christopher carrying the Christ;
K6V Martyrdom of St. Sebastian;
K7v St. Nicholas with the three boys;
K7v St. Claudius as a bishop with book;
K8 St. Anthony as a hermit with his pig;
K8 St. Anne teaches Maria to read;
K8v St. Mary Magdalene standing with the Ampulla;
K8V St. Catherine with wheel, sword and book;
L1 St. Margaret escaping from the Satan, in the shape of a dragon;
L1 St. Barbara standing with tower and palm branch;
L1v Beheading of St. Barbara;
L3 Crucifixion with Mary and John;
L6 Annunciation to Mary. The words on the fourth line of the colophon and the entire 3 lines below that obliterated. Contemporary owner’s motto and arms painted in colors and gold on vellum leaves at beginning and end; early 19th-century booklabel of Bettison’s of Cheltenham & Leamington; 19th-century armorial bookplate of George Folliot.IMG_0340

In these Hardouyn Hours the metal cuts are emulating those of “Vostre”s new style of illustration”(see the next item in this catalogue).

Bohatta 887, 891, ; Brun, pages 18 and 210 (“la meilleure production des presses d”Hardouyn”); Fairfax Murray/French 270; Lacombe 199. Brunet, Manuel , V, Paris 1864, coll. 1628-1644; Ph. Renouard, Imprimeurs Parisiens , etc., Paris 1898; P. Lacombe, Livres d’heures etc., Paris 1907; Bohatta, Bibliographie des livres d’heures .Vienna 1909; R. Brun, Le livre illustré en France au XVI and siècle , Paris 1930, pp. 22-26.
  1. Newberry Library

2.Huntington Library,

3.Morgan Library & Museum

4.University of British. Columbia

5.University of Cambridge

  1. Koninklijike Bibliotheek

 

 

747915_view 04_04
Nessus is well known for his part in the story of the Shirt of Nessus. He was a ferryman, and one day, he had to carry Deianeira, wife of Heracules, across the river. After they crossed the river, Nessus tried to have sex with her, but Hercules watching from the other riverbank, shot an arrow straight into Nessus’ chest. Before he drew his final breath, Nessus told Deianeira that his blood would ensure that her husband would be faithful to her in eternity. Deianeira believed him and collected some of the centaur’s blood.

(E.B.)

 

 

 

IMG_0344

 

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