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Incunabula

Fascicule XIX PDF is done!

Index XIX

234J Magister Adam also Raymmundus de Pennaforti. Goff A48 (Harvard, Library of Congress, Univ. of California, Law Library,Yale)                     https://data.cerl.org/istc/ia00048000

H19386-L153309886-1 2245J Guillermus Altissodorensis Goff G718   https://data.cerl.org/istc/ig00707500

269J Aquinas Goff  T198 Columbia, Free Library of Philadelphia, Morgan,Huntington, UCLA, U.of Illinois.  https://data.cerl.org/istc/it00198000

253J Aristotle, and Tartaretus   Goff T43=T40 (Harvard, Johns Hopkins Univ ,Smithsonian Institution,)    https://data.cerl.org/istc/it00043000

998G Bernardus  Basinus Not in Goff, 1 US copy SMU. https://data.cerl.org/istc/ib00279500

 

10H   Boethius. Not in Goff . no US copies. https://data.cerl.org/istc/ib00782500

 

144J   Boethius  Goff B796 (one copy Harvard) https://data.cerl.org/istc/ib00796000

 

262J   Bonaventura Not In Goff ; https://data.cerl.org/istc/ib00895300

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942G Carcano Goff C197; (HEHL,Harv,CL,LC,St Bonaventure, Univ of Kentucky, Univ. of Minn)

https://data.cerl.org/istc/ic00197000

 

756G     Diodorus Siculus Goff  D214 (Harvard, U.S. NLM, Williams College,Yale )
https://data.cerl.org/istc/id00214000

 

945G Eusebius  Goff E119; (Boston Public Library, Indiana Univ., The Lilly Library (- 2 ff.) YUL)

https://data.cerl.org/istc/ie00119000

 

 

276J.  Jean Gerson Goff G 260 (Indiana Univ., Johns Hopkins Univ., Library of Congress, U.S. NLM, Princeton Univ)

 

https://data.cerl.org/istc/ig00260000

 

 

172J   [Vellum Printed Book of Hours} Goff H412;(Cambridge, Oxford, Bodleian Library, Canada;Quebec Laval UL (vell)

France;Besançon  BM,Paris, BNF) Number of holding institutions 5)https://data.cerl.org/istc/ih00412000

 

251J   Hugo of St. Cher Not in Goff   https://data.cerl.org/istc/ih00527600

 

256J  Isocrates Goff I215(Harvard, Phyllis and John Gordan, Huntington) https://data.cerl.org/istc/ii00215000

 

957G  Richard  Mediavilla [Middleton], Goff M 424;.( St Louis Univ., Pius XII Memorial Library  (-) & YUL – i.e. both defective)DSC_0027

add UCLA.            https://data.cerl.org/istc/im00422800

 

277J.   Orosius Goff O-97.  https://data.cerl.org/istc/io00097000

 

238J       Peregrinus of Opole Goff P267 (Harvard University (- ff 189-278)Bryn Mawr College, (ff 239-278))

https://data.cerl.org/istc/ip00267000

 

145J     Paulus Pergulensis Goff P195 (Princeton Univ (2) and The Newberry Library)

https://data.cerl.org/istc/ip00195000

 

233J     De Monte Rochen Not in Goff; GW 11779; Kraus Cat. 182 no.125; IGI 4593

Holding institutions 3: Aosta Sem, Bucharest BN: Brown Univ.    https://data.cerl.org/istc/ig00608500

 

235J    Nicolaus Tygrinus Goff T563  https://data.cerl.org/istc/it00565500

 

246J   Gerardus de Zutphania Goff G177 (B.P.L, Bryn Mawr College, Free Library of Philadelphia,LC,Ohio State Univ

HEHL (2),Newberry Library, Univ. of Houston,Yale (2))  https://data.cerl.org/istc/ig00177000

 

Ok sphere is the PDF.fasciculexix

And here google dox

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Mhtw_bvEYiOIym3qkFaTpEOWqvF6BdCR/view?usp=sharing

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Gerson on “Pollutione Nocturna”

276J.  Jean Gerson 

Incipit tractatulus venerabil[is] m[a]g[ist]ri Johannis Gerson cancellarij Parisiensis tractans de polluc[i]o[n]e nocturna an impediat celebrantem an non

[Cologne : Johann Guldenschaff, about 1480]                       SOLD

046654_2
Gerson De Polluc[i]o[n]e Nocturna Guldenschaff ca. 1480

All incunable editions are undated and unsigned by their printers.  ISTC locates 15  incunable editions of this practical text which testifies to a real demand. Yet the fact that they are all printed anonymously might make one wonder.

img_0664Gerson wrote this treaties around 1412, In Brian Patrick McGuire’s Biography of Gerson [Jean Gerson and the Last Medieval Reformation .Pennsylvania State University Press 2005]  he discusses at length this “important commentary on his (Gerson)attitude to the body and its functions” 

Gerson commences the Pollutione Nocturna with a personal statement.

“I have frequently and for a long time been in doubt, especially after I was ordained priest, if someone who was polluted by a nighttime dream should refrain from celebrating Mass…..”

Gerson has “to speak in an impure way” to address this Subject but he proceeds in his usual orderly fashion ,with 10 ‘considerationes’  McGuire Describes it thus: “Gerson’s img_0663familiar manner, starting out with free will and choice, as well as the individual’s worthiness to celebrated the Mass, and ending with Detailed instructions on how to cope with bond functions.    …  He asks when it is that a person gives consent. In other words: when semen flowers in sleep to what extent can the individual be considered responsible?”

The fifth considerations tells us:

“No form of pollution that is begun and completed in sleep is a mortal sin”

The psychology and biology which Gerson exposes here is quite interesting.

 

Quarto 8 x 6  Inches unsigned [a-b8].(the first leaf blank and present)        This copy is bound in 19th century boards. The type seems quite archaic and has a roundish face and is called “lettre de somme” for a book from 1480. It is very similar to Zel’s type, (see the image below).

 

Here is a list of the 15 editions, our copy is number 6.

  1. Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. Add: Forma absolutionis sacramentalis. — [Cologne : Ulrich Zel, about 1466]. — 4°
    Bibliographical References: Goff G254; HC 7694* = H 7666; Klebs 459.1; Voull(K) 476; Pell 5219; Polain(B) 1632; IDL 1963; Sajó-Soltész 1418; Voull(B) 678; Schüling 385; Finger 427; Oates 281; Pr 800; BMC I 179; BSB-Ink G-159; GW 10808
    ISTC ig00254000
    4541373
    [Cologne : Ulrich Zel, about 1466].

    2) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Cologne : Ulrich Zel, about 1467]. — 4° Bibliographical References: Goff G255; H 7697 = 7704 (I); Klebs 459.2; Voull(K) 477; Pell 5212; Delisle 820; Polain(B) 1627; IDL 1964; IGI 4257; Voull(B) 678,2; Schlechter-Ries 739; Ohly-Sack 1225; Finger 428; Oates 290; Bod-inc G-122; Sheppard 608; Pr 806; BMC I 180; GW 10809 ISTC ig00255000
  2. inc-ii-576_0001
    De pollutione nocturna — [Cologne: Ulrich Zel, about 1467]
  3. 3) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Cologne : Printer of Dares (Johannes Solidi (Schilling), not after 1472]. — 4° The Basel UB copy has a rubricator’s date 1472. — Bibliographical References: Goff G257; H 7693*; Klebs 459.5; Voull(K) 480; Pell 5215; Arnoult 688; Castan(Besançon) 489, 490; IDL 1967; Sotheby’s (London), 1 July 1994 (Donaueschingen) 183 ; Günt(L) 580; Voull(B) 750; Voull(Trier) 417; Kind(Göttingen) 2138; Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 839; Pr 995; BMC I 213; BSB-Ink G-162; GW 10812. ISTC ig00257000
    4) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. Add: Henricus de Hassia (the Younger?): Regulae ad cognoscendum differentiam inter peccatum mortale et veniale et Septem signa amoris Dei. — [Esslingen : Conrad Fyner, 1473?]. — 4°
    Bibliographical References: Goff G259; H 7699* (incl H 8400*); Klebs 459.6; Pell 5216; Zehnacker 973; Delisle 821; Sajó-Soltész 1420; Šimáková-Vrchotka 806; Ohly-Sack 1226; Sack(Freiburg) 1559; Hubay(Augsburg) 897; Voull(B) 1143; Walsh 929; Pr 2470; BMC II 512; BSB-Ink G-163; GW 10815. ISTC ig00259000
    5) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Paris : Ulrich Gering, Martin Crantz and Michael Friburger, about 1474]. — 4° Bibliographical References: C 2692; Klebs 459.7; Pell 5217; Arnoult 689; Buffévent 220; Frasson-Cochet 136; Torchet 385; Castan(Besançon) 492; Polain(B) 1630; Martín Abad G-40; Schlechter-Ries 741; Borm 1142; Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 840; GW 10813 (I) ISTC ig00259400
    6) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Cologne : Johann Guldenschaff, about 1480]. — 4°
    Bibliographical References: Goff G260; C 2691; Klebs 459.8; Voull(K) 481; Polain(B) 1629; IDL 1968; SI 1650; Madsen 1722; Sallander 1734; Voull(B) 905,4; Voull(Trier) 584; Hubay(Augsburg) 898; Sack(Freiburg) 1560; Kind(Göttingen) 2139; GW 10816
    ISTC ig00260000

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7) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Speyer : Johann and Conrad Hist, about 1485]. — 4°. Reprinted from Gering’s undated Paris editions, Pell 5217 and Pell 5144? (BMC). — Bibliographical References: H 7698*; Pell 5220; Péligry 375; IBP 2388; Engel-Stalla col 1657; Schlechter-Ries 740; Voull(B) 2055; Sack(Freiburg) 1561; Pr 2403A; BMC II 502; BSB-Ink G-164; GW 10817. ISTC ig00261500
8) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. De cognitione castitatis et de pollutionibus diurnis. Add: Forma absolutionis sacramentalis. — [Cologne : Ludwig von Renchen, about 1488]. — 4° GW dates this about 1485. — Bibliographical References: Goff G262; H 7701*; Klebs 461.4; Voull(K) 482; Pell 5218 (I); Aquilon 318; Zehnacker 961; IBP 2390; SI 1652; Sallander 1735; Šimáková-Vrchotka 807; Sack(Freiburg) 1562, 1563; Günt(L) 822; Kind(Göttingen) 2140; Schullian 211; Walsh 425; Pr 1275; BMC I 268; BSB-Ink G-165; Döring-Fuchs G-71; GW 10818 ISTC ig00262000
9) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. De cognitione castitatis et de pollutionibus diurnis. — [Rouen : Guillaume Le Talleur, about 1490]. — 4°
Bibliographical References: Goff G263; H 7703; C 2693; GfT 2270; Klebs 461.3; Verdier(Talleur) XIX; Pell 5221; Castan(Besançon) 493; IBE 2654; IGI 4258; Pr 8789; BMC VIII 392; GW 10821 ISTC ig00263000
10) Gerson, Johannes: Tractatus diversi: De praeparatione ad missam, De pollutione nocturna. De pollutione diurna. De modo vivendi omnium fidelium. Opus tripartitum. Donatus moralisatus. — [Antwerp : Mathias van der Goes, about 1491]. — 4°
Bibliographical References: C 2707 + 2698; Camp 818 (quires i-m) + 821 (quires a-h); ILC 1092; Inv Ant 91; Polain(B) 1640; IDL 1953; Bod-inc G-134; Sheppard 7203; Pr 9429; GW 10839 ISTC ig00273700
11) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Cologne : Ulrich Zel, about 1467-72]. — 4°
Bibliographical References: Goff G256; H 7696*; Klebs 459.3; Voull(K) 478; Pell 5213; Arnoult 687; IDL 1966; Sajó-Soltész 1419; Borm 1140; Voull(B) 679; Voull(Trier) 333; Hubay(Augsburg) 896; Oates 321; Bod-inc G-123; Sheppard 629; Pr 837; BMC I 184; BSB-Ink G-160; GW 10810 ISTC ig00256000
12) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. — [Cologne : Ulrich Zel, about 1472]. — 4°
Dated by Goff about 1472. — Polain dates about 1470. — Bibliographical References: Goff G258; H 7695*; Klebs 459.4; Voull(K) 479; Pell 5214; Zehnacker 972; Polain(B) 1628; IDL 1965; IBPort 769; SI 1649; Kotvan 529; Coll(U) 596; Madsen 1723; Sack(Freiburg) 1558; Finger 429, 430; Borm 1141; Schüling 386; Ernst(Hildesheim) I,I 202; Voull(B) 680; Günt(L) 916; Pad-Ink 274, 275; Oates 373; Pr 872; BMC I 190; BSB-Ink G-161; GW 10811
ISTC ig00258000
13) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. De cognitione castitatis et de pollutionibus diurnis. — [Poland (Chelmno?) : Printer of Leo Papa, ‘Sermones’, about 1474-75]. — 4°
On the location of this printing-house in Poland see E. Szandorowska, in Quaerendo 2 (1972), pp.162-172. The press was previously assigned to the Netherlands (GW) and tentatively to Cologne (V. Scholderer, in BSA 54 (1960) pp.111-13, reprinted in Fifty Essays (Amsterdam, 1966) pp.279-80). — Bibliographical References: Camp-Kron 811a; IBP 2387; SI 1651; Louda 754; Coll(S) 452; Oates 3669; GW 10814 ISTC ig00259500
14) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. De cognitione castitatis et de pollutionibus diurnis. Add: Forma absolutionis sacramentalis. — [Louvain : Johannes de Westfalia, about 1484-87]. — 4° Reproductions of the watermarks found in the paper used in this edition are provided by the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, National Library of the Netherlands. –– Bibliographical References: Goff G261; HC 7702; Klebs 461.2; Camp 812; ILC 1091; Polain(B) 1631; IDL 1969; IBP 2389; Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 841; BMC IX 153; GW 10819 ISTC ig00261000
15) Gerson, Johannes: De pollutione nocturna. De cognitione castitatis et de pollutionibus diurnis. — [Paris : Pierre Levet, between 1488 and 1490]. — 4°
Bibliographical References: Klebs 461.5; Pell 5222; Parguez 465; Polain(B) 1633; Arnoult 690; GW 10820 ISTC ig00262500

Please visit us at the 2019 Bibliography Week Showcase Thursday January 24, 10-4 French Institute/Alliance Française 22 E 60th Street New York, NY 10065

Bibilography Final_hires.jpegimg_0420

Here is my NYC list.. if anything is of interest let me know asap and I’ll give you a great price.!  (Well maybe)

234J Magister Adam   also  Raymmundus de Pennaforti.
Su[m]mula clarissimi iurisco[n]sultissimiq[ue] viri Raymu[n]di :
[Cologne]: [Retro Minores18 July 1500 $ 9,500

245J William of Auxerre, c.1150-1231
Summa aurea
Parisiis: Pigoucheti 3 Apr. 1500. $27,000

930G Thomas Aquinas ed. Theodoricus de Susteren.
Summa de veritate
Cologne : Quentell, 7 Mar. 1499 $12,500

998G Bernardus Basinus 1445-1510
De magicis artibus et magorum maleficiis
Paris : Antoine Caillaut, $ 28,000

242G Abbot Berno Augiensis (of Reichenau). (987-1048)
Libellus de officio Missæ, quem edidit Rhomæ
[Argentorati]: [In aedibus Schurerianis], 1511 $ 5,500

10H Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius 480-525
De Consolatione Philosophiae : Add: Pseudo- Boethius: De disciplina scholarium (Comm: pseudo- Thomas Aquinas)
[Lyons: Guillaume Le Roy],1487 $16,000

262J Saint Bonaventura (1217-1274)
Vita christi. (Meditationes vitae Christi)
[Paris: Philippe Pigouchet, about 1487]. $11,000

945G Eusebius of Caesarea c. 260-c. 340
Praeparatio evangelica
[ Cologne, Ulrich Zel, not after 1473] $18,000

172J [Printed Book of Hours (Use of Rome) on vellum.
Ces presentes heures a lusaige de Ro[m]me ont este faictes pour Simon Vostre Libraire domourant a Paris a la rue neuue nostre dame a le enseigne sainct Jehan l’evangeliste.
Paris [Pigouchet per] Simon Vostre, 16 Sept 1500. $18 ,000

622G Athansius Kircher 1602-1680
Ars Magna Sciendi, (tomes 1&2)
Amsterdam: Janssonium à Waesberge, & Viduam Elizei Weyerstraet, 1669 $11,500

957G Richard Mediavilla [Middleton], d. 1302/3
Commentum super quartem Sententarium..
Venice: Christophorus Arnoldus, [circa 1476-7]. $22,000

904G Theophilus Metcalfe active 1649.
Manuscript copy of : Short-writing
England: after 1689 and before 1717 $5,500

238J Peregrinus of Opole (1305-12, 1322-27) Jacobus de Voragine (1229-1298) & Nicolaus de Dinkelsbuel (1360-1433) Peregrinus: Sermones de tempore et de sanctis. Add: Jacobus de Voragine: Quadragesimale. Nicolaus de Dinkelsbuel: Concordantia in passionem dominicam
[Ulm: Johann Zainer, not after 1479] (A copy now in Munich BSB has an ownership inscription dated 1479) $19,000

145J Paulus Pergulensis ca -1451.
Logica magistri Pauli Pergulensis.
Venice: Emericus, de Spira, 22 Feb. 1495/96 $12,500
233J De Monte Rochen (active around 1330)
Manipulus Curatoru[m
Unassigned, 24 March 1497 [Lyons: Printer of Persius] $7,800
252J. Timothy Rogers (1658-1728)
A discourse concerning trouble of mind and the disease of melancholly
London : Printed for Thomas Parkhurst $2, 800

235JNicolaus Tygrinus or Tegrinus or Tegrini (1448-1527)
Lucensium Oratio Luculentissima Maximo Alexandro Sexto
[Rome], [Andreas Freitag ],15 October 1492 $5,900
246J Gerardus de Zutphania (1367-1398)
[ De spiritualibus ascensionibus.] Add: David de Augusta: De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione Lib. II, 1 (De quatuor in quibus incipientes deo servire debent esse cauti)
[Basel : Amerbach and Langendorff, not after 1489]. $13,000

189J Anonymous; attributed to George Joye
Our sauiour Iesus Christ hath not ouercharged his chirche with many ceremonies.
[At Zijrik] [i.e. Antwerp : Ruremond?], [1543] $9,000

188J New Testament [Estienne, Robert.]
Τῆς Καινῆς Διαθήκης άπαντα Nouum Testamentum..
[Paris]: Roberti Stephani Regiis typis, 1550. $18,000

226JNew Testament.
The Nevv Testament of Iesus Christ, in the English College of Rhemes.
Printed at Rhemes : By Iohn Fogny, 1582. $45,000

200J Bible Hebrew Robert Stephanus I. (1503-1559
Biblia hebraica cum punctis Vol 1-8
Parisiis : Roberti Stephani, ,1539-1544 $25,000

187J Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556)
A Defence of The True and Catholike doctrine
London : Reynold Wolfe. [1550] $28,000

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186JDesiderius Erasmus von Rotterdam (1466-1538)
The First Tome (and second) or Volume of the Paraphrase of Erasmus upon the newe testament.
London: Whitchurche, Januarie, 1548. $38,000

261J Marcus Tullius Cicero edited by Jacques-Louis Strébée
M. Tullii Ciceronis ad M. Brutum oratorJacobi Lodoici Strebaei commentariis ab authore ipso recognitis illustratus.
Parisiis : ex officina Michaëlis. Vascosani, 1540 $4,200   img_0571

175J Martin Luther (1483-1546)
Ein Brieff D.M. Luther Wider die Sabbather : an einen guten Freund.
Wittemberg , 1538 $6,000

197J Martin Luther (1483-1546)
Vrsach vnd antwort. das Junckfrawen. Kloster. Götlich verlassen mügen.
Augsburg : Heinrich von Steiner 1523 $5,000

171J Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531)
Qvo pacto ingenvi adolescentes forma[n]di
Basileae : Apud Joannem Bebelium,1523 $12,800

275J James Ferrand
Εροτομανια Or A Treatise Discoursing of the Essence, Causes, Symptomes, Cure of Love, or EROTIQUE MELANCHOLY.
Oxford: by L. Lichfield , 1640. $6,900

Larger descriptions Below, full descriptions are available! as well as lots of images! 

 
234J Magister Adam [de Aldersbach ](d1408.) also Raymmundus de Pennaforti. (1180-1275)

“Su[m]mula clarissimi iurisco[n]sultissimiq[ue] viri Raymu[n]di : demu[m] reuisa ac castigatissime correcta : breuissimo co[m]pe[n]dio sacrame[n]torum alta co[m]plectens mysteria. de sortilegis. symonia. furto. rapina. vsura. etq[ue] [sic] varijs casibus”

[Cologne]: [Retro Minores, for Heinrich Quentell], 18 July 1500 $ 9,500

Quarto. 8 x5 ½ inches : a-s6 t-v4 x-z6 (lacking one leaf x2 ( folio cxvii) aa-cc6 dd4.. This copy is bound in late 19th century quarter calf & marbled paper boards, rubbed with, light soiling and water stains. Numerous early or contemporary notes. And three full pages of notes at the end.

An epitome in verse of Raymond of Peñafort’s Summa de poenitentia et matrimonio, with commentary and interlinear glosses. More than simply a list of sins and suggested penances, it discussed pertinent doctrines and laws of the Church that pertained to the problem or case brought to the confessor, and is widely considered an authoritative work on the subject

Copies in the U.S.:
1)Harvard
2)Library of Congress,
3)Univ. of California
4)Yale Univ.

Goff A48; H 13710*; Voull(K) 998; Pell Ms 9995 (9785); Polain(B) 11; IBE 29; IDL 11; IBP 21; Voull(B) 996; Sack(Freiburg) 21; Wilhelmi 1; Kind (Göttingen) 1214; Walsh 467; Pr 1366; BMC I 292; BSB-Ink A-23; GW 216.
The first medieval theologian to develop a systematic treatise on free will, the virtues, and the natural law.

245J Guillermus Altissodorensis, or William of Auxerre, c.1150-1231

Summa aurea in quattuor libros sententiarum : a subtilissimo doctore Magistro Guillermo altissiodore[n]si edita. quam nuper amendis q[uam]plurimis doctissimus sacre theologie professor magister Guillermus de quercu diligenti admodum castigatione emendauit ac tabulam huic pernecessariam edidit

Parisiis: Pigoucheti 3 Apr. 1500. $27,000

Folio, A-z8, §8ç8A-M8, N10, A-B6, C8.

FIRST EDITION of the major work by William of Auxerre., William treats creation, natural law, the nature of man, a tripartite God, usury, end the Last Judgment, disquisition on usury and the natural law basis of economic matters among other topics. He applies the critical reasoning of classical philosophy to that of scholastic philosophy.
The “Summa Aurea”, which is not, as it is sometimes described, a mere compendium of the “Books of Sentences” by Peter the Lombard. Both in method and in content it shows a considerable amount of originality, although, Summæ it discusses many problems neglected by the Lombard and passes over others. It is divided into four books: The One and True God (bk. 1); creation, angels, and man (bk. 2); Christ and the virtues (bk. 3); Sacraments and the four last things (bk. 4).
Us copies:
Astrik L. Gabriel, Notre Dame IN,
Boston Public, Bryn Mawr, Columbia ,
Huntington, Univ.of Chicago, Univ. of Wisconsin
Goff G718; BMC VIII, 122 ; GW 11861; Proctor 8206 ; Polain 1787 ; Bod-inc G-295; Sheppard 6326; Pr 8206;

“Truth consists of an adequation between the intellect and a thing”

930G Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274. editor Theodoricus de Susteren.

Summa de veritate celeberrimi doctoris s[an]cti Thome Aquinatis. que olim … me[n]dis scatebat. Nouissime iam per … magistru[m] nostru[m] Theodericum de Susteren co[n]uentus Coloniens[is] fratru[m] predicatoru[m] regentem … laboriose reuisa … feliciter incipit.

Cologne : Heinrich Quentell, 7 Mar. 1499 $12,500
Folio 10 1/2 X 8 inches 2°: A-Z6,Aa-Gg6; {signature Dd signed De} Third Edition, the final 15th century edition.

Summa de veritate celeberrimi doctoris sancti Thome Aquinatis…”First written around 1256, Thomas Aquinas’ “Disputed Questions on Truth” defends “the view that truth consists of an adequation between the intellect and a thing. Aquinas develops a notion of truth of being (“ontological truth”) along with truth of the intellect (what might be called “logical truth”)” (Wippel, 295)
US COPIES
Columbia University, Huntington,
Library of Congress,
Mass Historical Society, Yale.

Only one Copy in The British Isles (BL)
Goff T181; 1; H 1421*; C 564?; Sack(Freiburg) 3419; Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 1694; Pr 1353B; BMC I 289.

998G Bernardus Basinus 1445-1510

De magicis artibus et magorum maleficiis
(Tractatus exquisitissimus de magicis artibus et ma//gorum maleficiis, per sacre scientie Parisiensem doctorem ma//gistrum Bernardum Basim, canonicum Cesaraugusta//nensem, in suis vesperis compilatus. )
Paris : Antoine Caillaut,1491-1492?

(Dated by CIBN: Bibliothèque Nationale. Catalogue des incunables. T. I (Xylographes, A-G);. Paris, 1981-2014. B-182) $ 28,000

Quarto. 7 ¾ x 5 ¼ inches a8 b6. 14 of 14 leaves. This copy is bound recently in older limp vellum. Second Edition. First Published in 1483, (Goff B-279 listing four copies)

This treatise on magical practices was based on a speech Basin delivered in Paris before an assembly of cardinals in 1482. Basin was born 1445 in Zaragoza and he received his Doctors degree in Paris, having study there theology and canon law. In nine propositions he explains how people enlist the help of demons and if the practise of such diabolic magic makes a person a heretic. Basin states that magic arts, such as involving the invocation of demons and pacts must be been prohibited by all laws, civil and canon alike.

Only one copy in the US
: (not in Goff) Southern Methodist Univ., Bridwell Library

Not in Goff: Dated by CIBN; Pell (Lyon) 40; Bod-inc B-132; Sheppard 6190; Pr 7967; BSB-Ink B-233; GW 3720 ; CIBN B-182; Aquilon 89; Parguez 146.

242G Abbot Berno Augiensis (of Reichenau). (987-1048)
Libellus de officio Missæ, quem edidit Rhomæ
[Argentorati]: [In aedibus Schurerianis], 1511 $ 5,500
Quarto 8 X 5 ½ inches A-B8, C5 (lacking C6 blank)
This copy is bound in modern vellum backed boards. This copy is large and clean and beautifully rubricated throughout. Berno was the Abbot of Reichenau from his appointment by Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1008 on. He worked on the reformation of the Gregorian chant.

Following the reforms initiated under Abbot Immo, who imposed the Benedictine rule at Reichenau, Berno’s enlightened guidance the abbey reached its peak as a centre of learning, with a productive scriptorium, as a centre of Bendictine monasticism and eleventh-century liturgical and musical reforms in the German churches. At Reichenau he erected the tall western tower and transept that stand today on the island site of Reichenau-Mittelzell. [ UNESCO World Heritage Site #218] One of his most famous students was Hermann of Reichenau, who transmitted Arabic mathematics and astronomy to central Europe.
Muller, Bibl. Strasbourgeoise II, S. 179; VD 16 B-2051
No copy of this Edition in North America.

10H Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius 480-525

De Consolatione Philosophiae : Sacti thome de aquino super libris boetii de solatoe philosophie comentum cu expositione feliciter incipit. [fol. 168 recto:] In diui Seuerini Boetij de scolarium disciplina commentarium feliciter incipit.. Add: Pseudo- Boethius: De disciplina scholarium (Comm: pseudo- Thomas Aquinas)

[Lyons: Guillaume Le Roy],1487 $16,000
Folio 9 ½ X 6 ¾ inches. 235 leaves of 238. lacking Only three blanks: x6, A1, and I8;

a2-8,b-v8 (a1 blank and lacking) x6; A2-8, B-I8. 45 lines of commentary, which surrounds the text, to a page. Ff. 1, 166, 167, 238, blank, are wanting. 235 of 238 leaves.

Boethius became the connecting link between the logical and metaphysical science of antiquity and the scientific attempts of the Middle Ages. His influence on medieval thought was still greater through his De consolatione philosophiae (written while in prison at Pavia) and the theological writings attributed to him. Whether Boethius was a Christian has been doubted; and it is certain that the Consolatio makes no mention of Christ, and all the comfort it contains it owes to the optimism of the Neoplatonic school and to the stoicism of Seneca. Nevertheless, for a long time the book was read with the greatest reverence by all Christendom, and its author was regarded as a martyr for the true faith” (Schaff-Herzog). GW ascribes the commentary on De consolatione to Thomas Waleys.
The colophon has an interesting Acrostic reading
“CONRADUS”
Not in Goff. H 3402; C 1103 = 1114; Pell 2502 & 2557; CIBN B-576; Hillard 431; Aquilon 149; Arnoult 309; Parguez 229; Péligry 196; Polain(B) 4217; IGI 1827; Kind (Göttingen) 232; Pr 8513A; BMC VIII 238.
262J Saint Bonaventura (1217-1274)

Vita christi. (Meditationes vitae Christi)

[Paris: Philippe Pigouchet, about 1487]. $11,000

[Originally assigned by BL to Caillaut and sometimes attributed to Johannes de Caulibus (BBFN Inc p.119f)]

Quarto 7 3/4 x 5 1/2 inches a-i8. 72 leaves of 72. This copy is completely rubricated, paragraph signs and underlining in red, and bound in an early (but later) limp vellum binding.
This work’s precise date of composition, and its author, has occasioned much debate. Until the late nineteenth century, it was traditionally ascribed to Bonaventure. Once it was realised that the work was not by him, but by an unknown author, the ascription was changed to pseudo-Bonaventure, now of unknown author. It has since been thought to be the work of a Franciscan friar.
Newly discovered documentary evidence showed that the work was indeed that of a Franciscan, and was written around 1300 by Jacobus de Sancto Geminiano, who is also identifiable as the leader of a revolt of Tuscan spirituals, one of the Fraticelli, in 1312.
The work’s popularity in the Middle Ages is evidenced by the survival of over two hundred manuscript copies, including seventeen illuminated ones. The popularity of the work increased further with early printed editions, with a surviving Venetian blockbook of 1497.

The work’s detailed evocations of moments from the Gospels influenced art, and it has been shown to be the source of aspects of the iconographyof the fresco cycle of the Life of Christ in the Scrovegni Chapel by Giotto. It has also been credited with inspiring the great increase in depictions of the Veil of Veronica from the late 14th century.
World wide holdings:

British Library (IA.40282)
British Isles Cambridge,
France Cambrai BM, Metz BM,Troyes
BM (2)Valognes BM (imperfect)
Vire BM (copy destroyed),
Germany Isny NikolaiK,
Sweden Stockholm Swedish anonymous
Switzerland Luzern ZB,
Ukraine Kiev NL

Number of holding institutions 11

Not In Goff ; BMC VIII 112; GW 4747;Pell 2698; Arnoult 329; Girard 125; SI 855; Leuze(Isny) 165; Oates 3068.
The “Praeparitio” is a gigantic feat of erudition

945G Eusebius of Caesarea c. 260-c. 340

Eusebius Pa[m]phili de eua[n]gelica preparac[i]o[n]e ex greco in latinu[m] translatus Incipit feliciter.

[ Cologne, Ulrich Zel, not after 1473] $18,000

Folio 10 ¾ x 7 ¾ inches. [a]12, [b-o]10, [p]8 152 of 152 leaves

One of the earliest editions most likely the Second, (editio princeps : Venice 1470)

This copy contains the fifteen books of the “Praeparatio evangelica,” whose purpose is “to justify the Christian in rejecting the religion and philosphy of the Greeks in favor of that of the Hebrews, and then to justify him in not observing the Jewish manner of life […] “The following summary of its contents is taken from Mr. Gifford’s introduction to his translation of the “Praeparitio:

The first three books discuss the threefold system of Pagan Theology: Mythical, Allegorical, and Political. The next three, IV-VI, give an account of the chief oracles, of the worship of demons, and of the various opinions of Greek Philosophers on the doctrines of Fate and Free Will. Books VII-IX give reasons for preferring the religion of the Hebrews founded chiefly on the testimony of various authors to the excellency of their Scriptures and the truth of their history. In Books X-XII Eusebius argues that the Greeks had borrowed from the older theology and philosphy of the Hebrews, dwelling especially on the supposed dependence of Plato upon Moses. In the the last three books, the comparson of Moses with Plato is continued, and the mutual contradictions of other Greek Philosphers, especially the Peripatetics and Stoics, are exposed and criticized.”

The “Praeparitio” is a gigantic feat of erudition, and according to Harnack (Chronologie, II, p. 120), was, like many of Eusebius’ other works, actually composed during the stress of the persecution. It ranks, with the Chronicle, second only to the Church History in importance, because of its copious extracts from ancient authors, whose works have perished.” (CE)

It is also very interesting because of its numerous lively fragments from historians and philosophers which are nowhere else preserved, e.g. a summary of the writings of the Phoenician priest Sanchuniathon, or the account from Diodorus Siculus’ sixth book of Euhemerus’ wondrous voyage to the island of Panchaea, and writings of the neo-Platonist philosopher Atticus.

Goff E119; BMC I 194
U. S COPIES
Boston Public Library
Indiana Univ.,
The Lilly Library (- 2 ff.)
YUL);

172J [Printed Book of Hours (Use of Rome) on vellum.

Hours of the Blessed Virgin MARY

Ces presentes heures a lusaige de Ro[m]me ont este faictes pour Simon Vostre Libraire domourant a Paris a la rue neuue nostre dame a le enseigne sainct Jehan l’evangeliste.
Paris [Philippe Pigouchet per] Simon Vostre, 16 Sept 1500. $18 ,000

Quarto 8 1/4 x 5 1/2 inches. a-l 8; A 8: 88 of 96 leaves printed on vellum. The “Sensuiuent les sept pseaulmes en françoys lacking (the second A 1-8 lacking “not surprisingly other copies are lacking the final ‘A’ quire).

The present Horae are illustrated with 22 full-page engravings in the text and numerous and smaller cuts, metalcut historiated and ornamental borders on every page, many with criblé grounds, depicting biblical scenes, the Virtues, the stag hunt, apple harvest and memento mori vignettes depicting including Pigouchet’s Dance of Death series (Claudin II, 53-53)

Goff H412; C 3106; Bohatta, H. Livres d’Heures;(1924) 730 = 705;
Lacombe 109; Pell Ms 5892 (5878); Castan(Besançon) 554; Adams H1007; GW 13263.
Listed copies:
Cambridge UL,
Oxford Bodley,
Quebec Laval UL (vell),
Besançon BM,
Paris BN ,
NO copies in the US.

“ Nothing is more beautiful than know all things”

622G Athansius Kircher 1602-1680

Ars Magna Sciendi, In XII Libros digesta. Qua Nova & Universali Methodo Per Artificiosum Combinationum contextum de omni re proposita plurimis & prope infinitis rationibus disputari, omniumque summaria quædam cognitio compari potest… (tomes 1&2)

Amsterdam: Apud Joannem Janssonium à Waesberge, & Viduam Elizei Weyerstraet, 1669 $11,500

Folio 14 ½ X 9 inches *4, **4, A-Z4, Aa-Gg4-Zz4, Aaa-Ooo4, Ppp6.
First edition. This copy is bound in full original calf with a gilt spine with an expertly executed early rebacking. The vovell sheets are present but not cut or placed. And two very large foldouts A complete copy with the usual browing.

Ars Magna Sciendi’ is Kircher’s exploration and development of the ‘Combinatoric Art’ of Raymond Lull, the thirteenth century philosopher. Kircher attempts in this monumental work to classify knowledge under the nine ideal attributes of God, which were taken to constitute the pattern for all creation. In the third chapter of this book is presented a new and universal version of the Llullistic method of combination of notions. Kircher seems to be convinced that the Llullistic art of combination is a secret and mystical matter, some kind of esoteric doctrine. In contrast with Llull, who used Latin words, words with clearly defined significations for his combinations, Kircher began filling the tables with signs and symbols of a different kind. By doing this Kircher was attempting to penetrate symbolic representation itself. (forming a ‘symbolic-Logic)
Kircher tried to calculate the possible combinations of all limited alphabets (not only graphical, but also mathematical). He considered himself a grand master of decipherment and tried to (and thought he did) translate Egyptian hieroglyphic texts, he felt that knowledge was a process of encoding and decoding. His tabula generalis, the more mathematical way of thinking created the great difference between Llull and Kircher.
Sommervogel 1066.28; Merrill 22; Ferguson I. 467; Brunet III, 666; Caillet II, 360.5771; Clendening 10.17; De Backer I, 429-30.23; Graesse IV, 21; Reilly #26.
957G Richard Mediavilla [Middleton], d. 1302/3

Commentum super quartem Sententarium..

Venice: Christophorus Arnoldus, [circa 1476-7] $22,000

Folio 12 ¼ 9 ¼ inches. a-z10 [et]10 [cum]10 [per]10 A 10 B-D8 (D8v blank and aa1r blank) aa8 bb10 cc8 {320 leaves complete}

Middleton’s Commentary on Peter Lombard’s ‘Sentences’ was probably begun in 1281 and was completed in 1284, when he became regent master of the Franciscan school in Paris, a post he held until 1287. The chief characteristic of his Commentary is its sober assessment of many of the positions of Thomas Aquinas. However, the tone of his eighty Quodlibet Questions, produced during his regency, is much more critical and on many issues shows a strong anti-Thomist reaction. In this they have more in common with his disputed questions, which were argued after the condemnations of 1277 but before his Sentences commentary. The latter commentary has been edited along with his Quodlibet Questions. A small number of his disputed questions have also been edited, as have six of his sermons.

Furthermore; nine questions (23 to 31) in this volume form a veritable treatise on demonology, a rare type in the thirteenth century. Mediavilla’s remark is singular: he is the only thinker who gives autonomy of existence to the demon, in the framework of a rational description.
Mediavilla focuses on the present of the devil and its modes of action on men. He is the great thinker of the demonic turn of the 1290s.
This text offers one of the origins of a Western genre, the “novel of Satan”
The questions of volume IV
23. Did the first sin of the angel come from a good principle?
24. Can the angel at the moment of his creation sin?
25 . In the first sin of the angel, was the comparison of the creature anterior, according to the order of nature, to the distancing from God?
26. Was the first sin of the angel pride?
27 . Did the evil angel repent of his pride?
28 . In the evil angels, does sin follow another sin without end?
29. Does the sorrow of the evil angels leave her with a certain joy?
30 . Would the evil angels not be?
31 . Can bad angels play our sensations?
See also Satan the Heretic: The Birth of Demonology in the Medieval West November 15, 2006 by Alain Boureau (Author), Teresa Lavender Fagan (Translator)

The ISTC shows two US copies
St Louis Univ., Pius XII Memorial Library (-)
Yale – i.e. both defective) add UCLA.
Goff M-424; BMC V 206.

904G Theophilus Metcalfe active 1649.

Manuscript copy of : Short-writing, the most easie, exact, lineal, and speedy method that hath ever been obtained, or taught. Composed by Theophilus Metcalfe, author and professor of the said art. The last edition. With a new table for shortning of words. Which book is able to make the practitioner perfect without a teacher. As many hundreds in this city and elsewhere, that are able to write sermons word for word, can from their own experience testifie.

England: after 1689 and before 1717 $5,500
Octavo 6 x 4 inches . 55, [7]pp. + portrait of author. The last section of 7 pp. contains Directions for Book-keeping after the Italian Method.
This manuscript is bound in full modern calf. This copybook manuscript is taken from the last edition published by Metcalfe. The entire work is done with remarkable calligraphy. This is a rare copy manuscript item with complementary addendum on Italian Book-Keeping.

Theophilus Metcalfe (bap. 1610 – c.1645) was an English stenographer.
He invented a shorthand system that became popular, in particular, in New England, where it was used to record the Salem witch trials.

Metcalfe was A professional writer and teacher of shorthand, Metcalfe in 1645 resided in the London parish of St Katharine’s by the Tower. He died that year or early in 1646, when his widow assigned rights to reissue the book of his system. Metcalfe published a stenographic system very much along the lines of Thomas Shelton’s Tachygraphy. The first edition of his work was entitled Radio-Stenography, or Short Writing and is supposed to have been published in 1635. A so-called sixth edition appeared at London in 1645. It was followed in 1649 by A Schoolmaster to Radio-Stenography, explaining all the Rules of the said Art, by way of Dialogue betwixt Master and Scholler, fitted to the weakest capacities that are desirous to learne this Art. Many editions of the system appeared under the title of Short Writing: the most easie, exact, lineall, and speedy Method that hath ever yet been obtained or taught by any in this Kingdome.
238J Peregrinus of Opole (1305-12, 1322-27) Jacobus de Voragine (1229-1298) & Nicolaus de Dinkelsbuel (1360-1433) Peregrinus: Sermones de tempore et de sanctis. Add: Jacobus de Voragine: Quadragesimale. Nicolaus de Dinkelsbuel: Concordantia in passionem dominicam

Est autem huius operis ordo talis. Primo ponuntur sermones d[omi]nicales de tempore per anni circulu[m]. Secundo de sanctis, Tercio q[ua]dragesimale Jacobi de Foragine, Q[ua]rto concordantia quatuor euangelista[rum] in passiiones d[omi]nicam a magistro Nicolao Dinckelspubell collectam.”/ At end of leaf m8: “Sermones Peregrini de tempore finiunt.

[Ulm: Johann Zainer, not after 1479] (A copy now in Munich BSB has an ownership inscription dated 1479) $19,000

Folio. “Pars I (188): a-d8, e-k8/6, l-m8, A-C8, D-I8/6, K-N8; (N8 blank and removed) “Pars II (50.): a-f8/6, g8;” 3.”Pars III (40.): A-E8/ [276 (instead of 278) The two blank leaves are missing. 162 & 188
¶ Peregrinus of Opole, was a Silesian Dominican friar, Prior in Wrocław and Racibórz and Provincial of the Polish-East German Order Province. “The numerous manuscripts and early prints testify to the popularity of his ‘Sermones de tempore et de sanctis'” (LThK VIII, 82). He was twice elected a provincial of his Order and became designated an inquisitor of Wrocław by the pope John XXII. His major literary achievement is this twofold collection of Latin sermons: Sermones de tempore (sermons on the feasts of the liturgical year) and Sermones de sanctis (sermons on feasts of particular saints).

¶ Jacobus de Voragine wrote several series of sermons, The Lenten sermons (Quadragesimale) were written between 1277 and 1286. These sermons were only slightly less popular than his “Legend,” and also known as ‘Golden’ on account of their popularity (there are more than 300 known manuscript copies). The genre of the Sermones quadragesimale did not exist as a distinct genre before the 1260’s This Dominican best-seller author Jacopo da Voragine, and the works of preachers from his own generation, like Peregrinus von Opeln [See above] have a strong sermo modernus structure and contain numerous exempla drawn from the world of nature.

¶Nicolaus de Dinkelsbuel. Magister in 1390, BUT The ascription of the Concordantia to Nicolaus de Dinkelsbühl (c 1360-1433) is mistaken. Although he is known as the author of a passion story ( Collecta et praedicata de passione Christi. 1472). he did not produce a concordance to it, But he is in fact listed as one of the authors cited in the work. (See A Madre, Nicolaus de Dinkelsbühl, Leben und Schriften, 1965, p 310.)
Only two North American copies, both defective.
Harvard University (- ff 189-278)
Bryn Mawr College, (ff 239-278)

Goff P267; HC 12581*; C 4407; IGI 7404; IBP 4241; Madsen 3083; Voull(B) 2629,5; Hubay(Augsburg) 1582; Hubay(Eichstätt) 794; Borm 2059; Walsh 909; Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 1340; BMC II 529; BSB-Ink P-183; GW M30917 – Wegener, Zainer 9 – BSB-Ink P-183 – Proctor 2542 ISTC ip00267000
145J Paulus Pergulensis ca -1451.

Logica magistri Pauli Pergulensis.

Venice: Johannes Emericus, de Spira, 22 Feb. 1495/96 $12,500

Quarto. 10 x 8 ½ inches. a-e8, f4 (44 0f 44) leaves (complete)
Italy, the centre of humanism, produced the best logicians of the Renaissance. Paulus Pergulensis (d. 1451) was a pupil of Paul of Venice, author of the Logica magna and parva.. Introducing the theory of reference, sometimes called supposition, is an explanation of the ways in which words refer to objects in function of certain linguisitc signs.

Paul of Venice maintains a threefold division: Material Reference, Simple Reference, and Personal Reference, all of which are identified. The present is a more succinct and highly systematized logic, composed entirely in the form of theses.
From 1420 to 1454 Pergulensis taught logic and natural philosophy, and then also mathematics, astronomy and theology, to the Venetian school of Rialto (founded in 1408 ), to which he gave a real university organization. He was nominated ( 1448 ) bishop of Koper, which he renounced so as not to leave the teaching. We are left of him, manuscripts or press, some treatises of logic ( Dubia in consequentias Strodi , De sensu composite and divided , In regulas insolubilium , De scire et dubitare , Compendium logicae ), in which he discusses the new logical doctrines of the Oxford school in Padua by Paolo Veneto.

Paul of Pergula became the first publicly paid lecturer in philosophy in Venice, where he was officially honored in a public ceremony. In 1448, he was offered a bishopric, which he refused, and at the end of his life he accepted the administration of the Church of Saint John Almoner. He translated some works of Aristotle from Greek to Latin and was considered “on a par with the renowned Greek and Latin philosophers” (Brown, pp. vi-vii). Depending on the Logica Parva of Paul of Venice, De sensu composito et diviso should be regarded as a “mosaic of the treasury of logic known at the time” (Brown, p. viii).

Lohr, C.H. “A Note on Manuscripts of Paulus Venetus, Logica,” Manuscripta, 17(1973), pp. 35-36; reprinted in Bulletin de philosophie medievale, 15 (1973), pp. 145-146.

US Copies
Princeton Univ (2)
The Newberry Library
Goff P195; H 12626; R 1314; Sander 5476; IBE 4363; IGI 7322; IBPort 1357; Horch(Rio) Suppl 13; Mendes 957; GW Not in Copinger or British museum Catalogue of books printed in the XVth century
233J De Monte Rochen (active around 1330)

Manipulus Curatoru[m]; qui ſumme quilibet ſacerdoti eſt neceſſarius et nucliam virtutis animarum ipſaſq[ue] redimendas a purgatoꝛio & eterna dā[m]pnatione: quo modo ad beatitudine pertingi valeant in ſe continet: ſumma cum diligentia coꝛrectus.

Colophon¶ Liber qui manipulus curatoꝛum inſcribitur: editus a peritiſſimo viro domino Guidone de monte rocherij: vna cum tabula eiuſdem. Finit feliciter. Anno di Milleſimo quadringenteſimo nonageſimo ſeptimo. Die vero viceſimaquarto menſis Marcij.
Unassigned, 24 March 1497 [Lyons: Printer of Persius] $7,800

Octavo 5 ½ x 3 ¾ inches. a-s8t4. This copy is bound in modern vellum over boards with a tie.

This little guide on the sacrements for novice priests was written by the fourteenth century Spanish Theologian. No doubt that this small size was to accomidate the Priest who needed to carry with him. This also explains the scarcity, now while in the fifteenth century Bast estimates that sales of this maunel, were three times those of Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica. By the next century the Council of Trent and the creation of the Roman Catechism made this book obsolete in 1565. This edition is know in only three copies worldwide.

(Bast, Robert James (2000). Continuity and change: the harvest of late medieval and Reformation history: essays presented to Heiko A. Oberman on his 70th birthday. BRILL. p. 117. ISBN 978-90-04-11633-7.”)

CIBN differentiates a Printer of Guido de Monte Rochen from the Printer of Persius, who is there identified with Maillet (cf. CIBN S-334 and T-36) and GW identifiates tentatively the printer with Topié

Not in Goff; GW 11779; Kraus Cat. 182 no.125; IGI 4593 (& Tav. XVIII): CCIR G-73

Number of holding institutions 3
1) Italy Aosta Sem:
2) Romania Bucharest BN:
3) United States : Brown Univ.
252J. Timothy Rogers (1658-1728)
A discourse concerning trouble of mind and the disease of melancholly :
in three parts : written for the use of such as are, or have been exercised by the same subject.

London : Printed for Thomas Parkhurst, and Thomas Cockerill at the Bible and Three Crowns in Cheapside, and at the Three Legs in the Poultrey 1691. $2, 800
Octavo 6 ½ x 4 inches. A8 a-d8 e4 B-2E8
“Rogers was educated at Glasgow University, where he matriculated in 1673, and then studied under Edward Veal at Wapping. Rogers began his career in the dissenting ministry as evening lecturer at Crosby Square, Bishopsgate. Some time after 1682 he was struck down by a form of hypochondria, from which he recovered in 1690, and then became assistant to John Shower. Shower was then minister of the Presbyterian congregation in Jewin Street, and moved in 1701 to the Old Jewry Meeting-house. Rogers’s hypochondria returned, and in 1707 he left the ministry .(DNB)

Rogers cautions not to blame the devil for this depression:

“Rogers’s detailed instructions on how to care for patients suffering from `trouble of mind’, especially from `melancholly’ of the religious kind, are particularly valuable because they were written from personal experience; as the extract shows much of his advice can still be usefully applied by the psychiatrist and the psychiatric nurse today.
In his late twenties he had his first breakdown, ‘a deep and settled melancholy’ lasting two years. On his recovery he wrote this book as an offering ‘for his wonderful restoration’, to discharge ‘the Duty of those Persons whom God hath delivered from Melancholy, and from the anguish of their Consciences’ and to show `What is to be thought of those that are distracted with Trouble for their sins’. However he continued ever after subject to ‘a very unhappy dejection of mind . . . a prey to gloomy fears and apprehensions’, so that he was forced to retire into the country where he continued to manifest ‘though in a more contracted sphere, the same zeal for the honour of God, and for the salvation of the souls of men’.” (300 years of Psychiatry, Richard Hunter, 1963, p248)

Wing; R1848; Hunter p248

Copies – N.America
Harvard University, Newberry, National Library of Medicine, Union Theological Seminary, William Andrews Clark
University of Texas at Austin, Yale University, Medical School.

235J Nicolaus Tygrinus or Tegrinus or Tegrini (1448-1527)

Lucensium Oratio Luculentissima Pont. Maximo Alexandro Sexto per Nicolaum Tygrinu[m] Lucensem Vtriusq]ue] Iuris.

[Rome], [Andreas Freitag ],15 October 1492 $5,900

Quarto, A4. 7¾ x 5 inches First Edition (see below). This copy is bound in later black roan & gray boards, spine letters gilt. The binding is slightly worn, and the first leaf is slightly soiled. Ex-libris Walter Goldwater.

O
ration such as this are usually rare and short this one is both it is a tribute from the City of Lucca to the election of Pope Alexander VI. This is one of three almost simultaneously published prints of this on October 25, 1492 before the newly elected Borgia Pope Alexander VI. held this speech. – “”This was the typical ‘Oratio’ – in the style of the times, both florid and unctous – which extolled the virtues of the Pope, traits which subsequent events failed to confirm!”” (Bühler) According to Bühler’s study, The Freitag printing was preceded by the editions of Stephan Planck (in Roman type) , whose corrections Freitag employed in his edition.”

CF Bühler, The Earliest Editions of the “”Oratio”” (1492) by Nicolaus Tygrinus (in: Gutenberg JB 1975, pp. 97-99)”
United States of America
Walters Art Museum Library
Bryn Mawr College,
Library of Congress,
New York, Columbia
Huntington Library
Southern Methodist Univ
Yale
Goff T563; HC 15751*; Pell Ms 10972; CIBN T-51; Nice 209; IGI 9670; IBE 5542; BMC IV 137;

246J Gerardus de Zutphania (1367-1398)

[ De spiritualibus ascensionibus.] Tractatus de spiritualibus ascensionibus Add: David de Augusta: De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione Lib. II, 1 (De quatuor in quibus incipientes deo servire debent esse cauti)

[Basel : Johann Amerbach and Johann Petri de Langendorff, not after 1489]. $13,000
OCTAVO a-h8 i4./67 of 68 leaves. Lacking a1 title. Rubricated in red, initials painted in red, blue and green. Contemporary binding in full calf, with blind tooling, spine slightly rubbed Final page blank.

Even in the Brothers of the Common Life’s community of “plain living and high thinking” Gerard ZERBOLT was remarkable for his absorption in the sacred sciences and his utter oblivion of all matters of merely earthly interest. He held the office of librarian, and his deep learning in moral theology and canon law did the brothers good service, in helping them to meet the prejudice and opposition which their manner of life at first aroused. In Radewijns’ absence, Zerbolt assumed his responsibilities as rector.

This is the inaugural treatise by Gerard Zerbolt of Zütphen, described by Post (in “The Modern Devotion”) as “the most fertile and the most successful writer the Brothers [of the Common Life] ever produced.” Zerbolt was an early member of the “Devotio Moderna” and served as librarian to the Brethren of the Common Life in Deventer. Despite his lack of university training, he “was remarkable for his absorption in the sacred sciences and his utter oblivion of all matters of merely earthly interest.” (Cath. Ency.) Here, Zerbolt outlines how one can redeem the soul from its fallen state, moving to higher and higher levels through “self-knowledge, repentance, combat of sin, mortification, the practice of humility and obedience.” (Post)

U. S. COPIES
Boston Public Library
Bryn Mawr College,
Free Library of Philadelphia
Library of Congress, Ohio State
Huntington Library (2)
The Newberry Library
Univ. of HoustonYale University, (2)
Goff G177; ISTC,; ig00177000; Oates,; 2803; Bod-inc,; G-081; Pr,; 7638; BMC,; III:752; BSB-Ink,; G-127; GW,; 10689
189J Anonymous; attributed to George Joye

Our sauiour Iesus Christ hath not ouercharged his chirche with many ceremonies.

[At Zijrik] [i.e. Antwerp : Widow of C. Ruremond?], M.D.XLIII. in Febru. [1543] $9,000

Octavo, First and only edition A-B8 C6 .
Like Coverdale, Joye was probably also employed in the printing business as proofreader, translator, and author of religious books.
His first, now lost publication was a Primer, the first Protestant devotional book ever published in English. Based on contemporary accounts, it probably contained the translation of the seven penitential psalms, “Mattens and Euensong” with the Commendations (Psalm 119. The book was criticized by Thomas More for omitting the Litany of the Saints, the hymns and anthems to the Blessed Virgin, and the Dirge.
After the publication of his Primer, containing perhaps as many as thirty psalms, Joye set out to translate the rest of the Book of Psalms, which appeared in 1530. Joye used Martin Bucer’s recent Latin translation of the Hebrew text, which was published under the pseudonym Aretius Felinus. In the same year Joye produced a revised version of his earlier primer with the title Ortolus animae. The garden of the soule. In 1531, Joye’s translation of the Book of Isaiah appeared, which seems to have been intended as a twin volume to Tyndale’s translation of the Book of Jonah. In 1531 Joye also published a defence countering the charges of heresy put against him by Ashwell in 1527.
Butterworth and Chester suggest that Joye published the translations of the Book of Proverbs and of Ecclesiastes in 1533 in Antwerp, of which only later London reprints have survived. It is now also believed that Joye is the author of an anonymously published treatise entitled The Souper of the Lorde, which was earlier attributed to Tyndale. In this Joye described his position on the Eucharist, based on that of Zwingli. Joye’s translation of the Book of Jeremiah, of Lamentations, and a new translation of the Psalter followed (this time from the Latin Psalter of Zwingli, whose Latin commentaries and translations had also served as source texts for Joye’s translations of the other books of the Old Testament). All these translations were the first of these books ever printed in English. In 1534 Joye undertook the proofreading of Tyndale’s New Testament edition that had been reprinted three times without any English-speaking corrector by the Flemish printing firm of the family Van Ruremund. Joye, however, not only corrected the typographical errors, but he also changed the term “resurreccion” as found in Tyndale’s text by expressions such as “the lyfe after this” in some twenty occurrences of the word.[14] Joye believed, as he later explained, that the original term in the Bible in those places did not refer to the bodily resurrection but to the intermediate stateof the soul.[15] At the same time, Joye retained Tyndale’s original formulation at the some 150 other occurrences of the word, where he agreed with Tyndale that the term did refer to the bodily resurrection.[16] Tyndale reacted by bringing out his own revised version of his New Testament in November 1534, in which he inserted a second foreword attacking Joye and his editorial work. Tyndale accused Joye of promoting the heresy of the denial of the bodily resurrection and causing divisions among Protestants. After an inconclusive attempt to reconcile the parties, Joye published an apology to refute Tyndale’s accusations in February 1535.

STC (2nd ed.), 14556 Copies N.America
Folger ,Pierpont Morgan Library , University of Illinois
188J New Testament [Estienne, Robert.]

Τῆς Καινῆς Διαθήκης άπαντα Nouum Iesu Christi D.N. Testamentum. Ex Bibliotheca Regia.
[Paris]: Roberti Stephani Regiis typis, 1550. $18,000
Folio *8, **8, a-q8, r6; A-M8, N6. Bound in 17th century paneled calf, rebacked.

“This is universally recognized as the best-known and most influential of Robert Estienne’s works. Renouard went so far as to say that this volume alone would have sufficed to establish Robert Estienne’s reputation as scholar and printer. However, of all Robert Estienne’s publications, it is also the one most directly responsible for his departure to Geneva, following his final clash with the theologians of the Sorbonne, who saw in Estienne’s marginal variant readings an instance of the most brazen heresy.

“The volume is of great typographical importance as well, since it marks the first use of all three fonts of “grecs du roi”-the third and largest size was used here for the first time.
“on leaf **7 appears a long 72-line Greek poem, composed in Homeric idiom and meter, by Robert Estienne’s teen-age son, Henri; these verses (later reprinted in Henri’s own Greek Testaments) may represent his earliest published work. (Quoted from Schreiber’s catalogue, “The Estiennes” p. 97).
Adams B-1661; Schreiber, The Estiennes, 105; Darlow & Moule 4622. pp. 587-8. Cf. also: Scrivener-Miller, Introduction, i, p. 124, n.3 and ii, pp. 190-1; Ellis, Bentleii Critica Sacra, pp. xiv-xv; Hoskier, Full Account, passim. Mortimer I, # 78; Renouard p. 75, #1; Scholderer, Greek Printing Types, p.10.
226J New Testament.

The Nevv Testament of Iesus Christ, translated faithfully into English, out of the authentical Latin, according to the best corrected copies of the same, diligently conferred vvith the Greeke and other editions in diuers languages; vvith arguments of bookes and chapters, annotations, and other necessarie helpes, for the better vnderstanding of the text, and specially for the discouerie of the corruptions of diuers late translations, and for cleering the controversies in religion, of these daies: in the English College of Rhemes.

Printed at Rhemes : By Iohn Fogny, 1582. $45,000

Quarto 218 x 165 mm a-c4, d2, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Zzzz4, Aaaaa-Ddddd4, Eeeeee2.

The First Catholic New Testament in English This copy is bound in seventeenth-century calf, sympathetically rebacked, with an attractive gold-tooled floral motif to the board edges. Internally, this copy is in very good condition with clean leaves. There is a little foxing to the first two leaves and a few trivial marginal tears. The upper margin is cut a bit close but the text is never affected.

“The ‘editio princeps’ of the Roman Catholic version of the New Testament in English. Translated from the Vulgate by Gregory Martin, under the supervision of William Allen and Richard Bristow. According to the “Douai Diaries”, Martin began the translation in October1578 and completed it in March 1582.

“The translation adheres very closely to the Latin, though it shows traces of careful comparison with the Greek. But its groundwork was practically supplied by the existing English versions, from which Martin did not hesitate t borrow freely. In particular there are very many striking resemblances between Martin’s renderings and those in Coverdale’s diglot of 1538. Martin’s own style is often disfigured by Latinisms.
“This Rheims New Testament exerted a very considerable influence on the King James version of 1611, transmitting to it not only an extensive vocabulary, but also numerous distinctive phrases and turns of expression. (See J.G. Carleton’s exhaustive analysis, The Part of Rheims in the Making of the English Bible. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1902.)

Pforzheimer, 68; Darlow & Moule 231; STC (2nd ed.), 2884; Herbert 177; Pierpont Morgan Library, The Bible 115; The Bible 100 Landmarks, 66; Bible in the Lilly Library 40.
200J Bible Hebrew Robert Stephanus I. (1503-1559

Biblia hebraica cum punctis [v. 1] Hamishah humshe Torah = Quinque libri legis. 1543.– [v. 2] Neviim rishonim = Prophetae priores. 1544.– Divre ha-yamim = Liber Paralipomenon. 1543.– [v. 3] Sefer Yesha`yah = Prophetia Isaiae. 1539.– Sefer Yirmeyahu = Prophetia Ieremiae. 1540.– Sefer Yehezkel = Ezechiel. 1542.– Sefer Iyov = Iob. 1541. [v. 4] Sefer Tere `asar = Duodecim Prophetae. 1539.– [v. 5] Sefer Tehilim = Psalterium. 1540.– Hamesh megilot = Canticum canticorum, Ruth, Lamentationes, Ieremiae, Ecclesiastes, & Ester. 1540. — [v. 6] Sefer Mishle = Prouerbia Salomonis. 1540.– [v. 7] Sefer Daniyel = Daniel. 1540.– [v. 8] Sefer Ezra = Esdras. 1541.

Parisiis : Ex officina Roberti Stephani, typographi regii,1539-1544 $25,000

Quarto Title from Renouard, Annales de l’imprimerie des Estienne] Robert Stephens’s first edition (Paris, 1539-44, 4 vols.). This was not published as a whole, but in parts, each having a title. The first part that was published was ישעיה ספר, or Prophetia Isaice (ibid. 1539). Of variations, we subjoin the following: 1, 25,!סיגי; ve. 29, מאלים 3:16, וּמשִׁקרוֹת 6:5, נדמתי; 8:6, השלּח (dagesh in ל); ren. 13, מערצכם; 10:15, ואת ver. 16, כבודו; ver. 18, כמסום; ver. 33, ישפרו, etc. The second part contained the twelve minor prophets (1539); the third, the Psalms (1540); the fourth, the Proverbs (1540); in the same year also Jeremiah, Daniel, the five Megilloth; in 1541, Job, Ezra, Ezekiel; in 1543, Chronicles, the former prophets, and the Pentateuch.
Adams; B-1221; BM STC France, 1470-1600,; p. 56; Darlow & Moule,; 5089, note; Armstrong, E. Robert Estienne (1954),; p. 32-33

187J Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556)

A Defence of The True and Catholike doctrine of the sacrament of the body and bloud of our sauiour Christ, with a confutation of sundry errors concernyng the same, grounded and stablished vpon Goddes holy woorde, & approued by ye consent of the moste auncient doctors of the Churche. Made by the moste Reuerende father in God Thomas Archebyshop of Canterbury, Primate of all Englande and Metropolitane.

Imprynted at London : in Paules Churcheyard, at the signe of the Brasen serpent, by Reynold Wolfe. Cum priuilegio ad imprimendum solum, anno Domini. M. D. L. [1550]

Quarto: *4, A-Z4, Aa-Gg4 $28,000
This copy is bound in contemporary, blind-stamped English calf with small medallion portrait rolls. The boards are composed of printer’s waste taken from John Bale’s ” Illustrium Maioris Britanniae Scriptorum” of 1548. The text block is backed with vellum manuscript fragments. Both the binding and the text are in strictly original condition.

In Cranmer’s response to Gardiner, “A Defence of the True and Catholike doctrine of the sacrament of the body and bloud of our sauiour Christ”, the archbishop offers a semi-official explanation of the Eucharistic theology that lay at the heart of his Prayer Book.
STC 6002 (with catchwords B4r “des”, S1r “before”.) Title page border: McKerrow & Ferguson 73; Printer’s device: McKerrow 119. References: Diarmaid MacCulloch, “Thomas Cranmer, A Life”; G.W. Broniley, “Thomas Cranmer, Theologian”.)
186J Desiderius Erasmus von Rotterdam (1466-1538)
The First Tome (and second) or Volume of the Paraphrase of Erasmus upon the newe testament.
Enpriented at London in fletestete at the signe of the sunne by Edwarde Whitchurche, the last daie of Januarie, 1548. $38,000

Two Small Folio volumes 7.6 x 10.75 in. First edition. Vol I: ( )6, (:)6, A-Q6, R4, (:)6, Aa6, B-O6 (leaf O6 blank and present), ¶6, (::)6, a-z6, aa-dd6, ee8, A-R6, S8, A-N6, O4 [lacking final leaf O4]. 565 leaves. “O4 is missing in all the copies examined, but it may be assumed that the recto is blank and the verso contains device McKerrow 107.” –Devereux.
Vol II: †6, ††6, ¶4, A-G6, H2, Aa-Ff6, Gg8, Hh-Kk6, Ll4, aa-cc6, dd4 (dd4 blank and present), ¶6 (¶6 blank and present), AA-BB6, CC4 (CC4 blank and present), AAa6, BBb4, aaaa6, bbbb4, AAAa-BBBb6 (BBBb6 blank and present), AAAA-EEEE6, FFFF4, AAAAa-DDDDd6, EEEEe4 (EEEEe4 blank and present), *2, ¶-¶H6, ¶I8, ¶¶A-¶¶F6, ¶¶G4. 362 leaves
Complete copies of these volumes are rare; complete “sets” extremely so. The “First Tome” and “Seconde Tome” are independent publications. Copies of the “First Tome”, which bear the generic date of January 1548 (“The date itself seems to be 1548, not 1548/9; copies were bought before the autumn of 1548”-Devereux). The “second Tome” was not begun until the autumn of 1548 and did not appear in print until 1549, with the date of August 16. Thus, few “sets” exist as such.
“The impact of Erasmus’ ‘Paraphrases’ was enormous. Like his edition of the Greek New Testament and his ‘Annotations’, the ‘Paraphrases’ made the Bible increasingly more accessible to ordinary people. In his dedicatory epistle to the paraphrase on Mark, Erasmus expresses satisfaction at seeing ‘Christian literature, and especially the New Testament, studied so eagerly by everyone, even laymen in private station, that professional experts in the Scriptures are quite often worsted by them in debate.’”(Erika Rummel)

STC 2854; Devereux’s first checklist C67.5; Devereux 26.4.5; II. STC 2866; Devereux’s first checklist C68.1; Devereux 26.5.1. See also: Darlow and Moule 73; E.J. Devereux, “English Translations of Erasmus 1522-1557”. For the bindings: Oldham, “English Blind-stamped Bindings”, p. 50 and Plate XLVI (#753 HE c (1)).

261J Marcus Tullius Cicero edited by Jacques-Louis Strébée ( 1480-1550)

M. Tullii Ciceronis ad M. Brutum oratorJacobi Lodoici Strebaei commentariis ab authore ipso recognitis illustratus.

Parisiis : ex officina Michaëlis. Vascosani, 1540 $4,200

Small Folio 8 X 6 1/2 inches . *6, A-08, P4, Q6 complete ([12], 224, [20])
Bound in modern carta rustic ,recently resewin on three leather cords It is bound in the style of mid-sixteenth century, thinner cartonnage with turn-ins to stabilize the edges of the cover. This is a very solid and stable copy, ready to be researched with, despite the water staining.

This copy has Extensive sixteenth-century MS marginal and interlineal annotations, underlinings etc., throughout; in Latin. There is inter linear notes on every section of Cicero’s text but very few notes on Strébée’s commentary.

Of the 224 pages, about 150 have notes in a small and sometimes very faint sixteenth century hand. On the Printed title there is quite a bit of pen-starts and doodles as well as faint ownership signatures . ( There is a copy in the University of Manchester Library UML copy at R229539, which is catalogued as having extensive notes as well.)
Before the Printed text the annotator has written an “Argumentum”
175J Martin Luther (1483-1546)

Ein Brieff D.M. Luther Wider die Sabbather : an einen guten Freund.

Wittemberg , 1538 $6,000
[Nickel Schirlenz]

Quarto, 6 ¾ x 5 inches A4-D4. This copy is bound in limp manscript vellum wrapper. From a 14th century Breviarium, forming a semi wallet.

This treatise was published by Luther in the form of an open letter. This is a responce to Luthers friend Graff Wolfgang Schlick. This Anti-Jewish polemic was to refute those who argued that Christians ought to observe practices of God’s covenant with Israel (the Old Testament, or Judaism) that Christians historically either had set aside or had changed with the coming of Christ, but which the Jewish people had continued to practice. One of these Old Testament practices, to observe the Sabbath on Saturday (rather than on Sunday, as Christians had done historically), gave rise to the name that Luther uses for his opponents: “the Sabbatarians.” In Part One of the work, Luther argues that God’s covenant with Israel, also called the Law of Moses, is not in force for
 Christians. Yet he goes on below to say that those parts of the Ten Commandments that are based on the universal moral law remain in force for everyone because that law preceded the Law of Moses.

Benzing 2394
197J Martin Luther (1483-1546)

Vrsach vnd antwort. das Junckfrawen. Kloster. Götlich verlassen mügen.

Augsburg : Heinrich von Steiner 1523 $5,000

Quarto 6 ¾ x 5 ½ inches. A4,B2 . Bound in 19th century boards.
This is a rare edition of the famous writing in which Luther verifies the asceticism of the church. The offense to this writing was the liberation of some nuns by Leonh.
The names of these nuns are mentioned at the end; among them also Luther’s later wife Katharina Bora.
VD16 L 6882; Benzing. Lutherbibliographie; 1989, 1565; |B|Luther: WA T,; 11, 389; Druck E; |B|Kratzsch: Verzeichnis der Lutherdrucke, Nr.; 453; Kuzynski 3299.
171J Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531)

Qvo pacto ingenvi adolescentes forma[n]di sint, praeceptiones pauculae, Huldricho Zuinglio autore.
Basileae : Apud Joannem Bebelium,1523 $12,800

Octavo 6 x 4 inches.[12] f. ; 8° A8, B4. The very rare, First Edition, bound in manuscript vellum with a long tie.
This Book has been referred to by W. Boyd in his History of western Education 1964, as :
“ The first book to be written on education from a Protestant point of: view”
“Whereas critics deem it a loose collection of personal observations about raising teenagers, the treatise in fact contains a clear summary of the biblical principles supporting Christian education. More precisely, it is one of the first treatises to discuss nurture of the young from an explicitly Reformed point of view. And “On the Education of the Youth” makes an eloquent case for the role of education in developing the moral as well as intellectual qualities of the young. Zwingli makes observations about the basis of Reformed instruction, the formation of an upright moral character, and the service to others that should result from proper nurture.” … Zwingli states that the object of learning is the universe and all that it contains. As the created order, the universe is subservient to the Creator. When we study the elements that make up the universe, “we learn that all these things are changing and destructible, but that he who conjoined them … is necessarily unchanging and immutable (104).” Thus the very things studied by humans reveal that there is someone superior to them and their learning, namely God. As human creatures fashioned by the eternal, omnipotent God, mortals should be humbled rather than exalted in their learning. In studying things brought into existence by the word of God, we are “taught that all things are ordained by the providence of God (104).” Wisdom is not to be sought in human philosophies, for they are as mortal and fallible as the people who conceive them. Rather, since all the objects of human enquiry are in the hands of God, “if we desire wisdom or learning, we are taught to ask it of Him alone (105)” and to seek it in His infallible Word. (Huldrych Zwingli on Reformed Instruction) – Dr. R. Faber Taken With permission from Clarion Vol. 48, No. 1 (1999). VD 16, Z-855

275J James Ferrand

Εροτομανια Or A Treatise Discoursing of the Essence, Causes, Symptomes, Prognosticks, and Cure of Love, or EROTIQUE MELANCHOLY.

Oxford: by L. Lichfield to be sold by Edward Forrest, 1640. $6,900

Saint Raymond of Peñafort Saint of the Day for January 7

234J  Magister Adam [de Aldersbach ](d1408.) also Raymmundus de Pennaforti. (1180-1275)

“Su[m]mula clarissimi iurisco[n]sultissimiq[ue] viri Raymu[n]di : demu[m] reuisa ac castigatissime correcta : breuissimo co[m]pe[n]dio sacrame[n]torum alta co[m]plectens mysteria. de sortilegis. symonia. furto. rapina. vsura. etq[ue] [sic] varijs casibus”

 

[Cologne]: [Retro Minores, for Heinrich Quentell], 18 July 1500

$ 9,500

img_0580(Colophon (leaf cc3v): … Imp[re]ssa Colonie impensis Henrici Quentell. Anno salutis .M.ccccc. Die .xviij. mensis Iulij)

 

Quarto. 8 x5 1⁄2 inches : a-s6 t-v4 x-z6 (lacking one leaf x2 ( folio cxvii) aa-cc6 dd4.. This copy is bound in late 19th century quarter calf & marbled paper boards, rubbed with, light soiling and water stains. Numerous early or contemporary notes. And three full of notes at the end of the text.

This interesting book is an epitome in verse of Raymond of Peñafort’s Summa de poenitentia et matrimonio, with commentary and interlinear glosses. More than simply a list of sins and suggested penances, it discussed pertinent doctrines and laws of the Church that pertained to the problem or case brought to the confessor, and is widely considered an authoritative work on the subject.[1] 

 This versification is ascribed to Adamus, a 13th cent. Cistercian monk of Aldersbach in Lower Bavaria; sometimes attributed to Adam Coloniensis. Cf. F. Valls Taberner, “La ‘Summula Pauperum’ de Adam de Alderspach,” Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte Spaniens, Bd. 7 (1938), p. 69-83   In this edition Adam’s Summula de summa Raymundi itself receives a detailed prose commentary. This edition contains Raymond’s Summa with his commentary on the trees of consanguinity and affinity, which indicated whether couples were not permitted to marry because of blood kinship or sexual contact.” Thomas Izbicki [3]

img_0584

Saint Raymond of Peñafort is the Patron Saint of: Lawyers

In 1229 Raymond was appointed theologian and penitentiary to the Cardinal Archbishop of Sabina, John of Abbeville, and was summoned to Rome in 1230 by Pope Gregory IX, who appointed him chaplain and grand penitentiary.[2]  

“Raymond of Peñafort’s Summa de casibus conscientiae, including its fourth book, the Summa de matrimonio, was one of the most successful texts for pastors and confessors composed in the Middle Ages.. The Summa was subject to detailed commentary by William of Rennes, updates by John of Freiburg reflecting new papal pronouncements, and abridgment for pastors’ greater convenience. “(Ghezzi, Bert. “Saint Raymond of Penyafort”, Voices of the Saints, Loyola Press)

img_0581San Raimundo de Peñafort; compiled the Decretals of Gregory IX, which remained a major part of Church law until 1917. 
As a novice Raimundo was assigned to develop a book of case studies for confessors. The Summa de casibus poenitentiae is a guide book for Confessors made up as a case book and papal decrees and decretals concerning eucharist, celibacy, abortions, helping the poor, women with leprosy, curses, etc.{3}

He studied canon law at Bologna and taught there from 1218 to 1221. Among his works of this period were unpublished annotations of the Decretum of Gratian (flourished c. 1140; the father of the scienceof canon law) and an uncompleted treatise on canon law, Summa juris canonici.

In 1230 Pope Gregory IX called Raymond to Rome to serve as a papal chaplain to examine cases of conscience. Gregory also commissioned him to codify the papal statutes and rulings on points of canon law that had been issued since the appearance of Gratian’s Decretum. Raymond’s compilationof Gregory’s Decretals was formally promulgated in 1234. The following year he revised and reissued his Summa de casibus, with an added part on the law of matrimony.

He returned to Spain (1236) and in 1238 was elected master general of the Dominican Order. Although he resigned after only two years, he revised the constitutions of the order. The remainder of his life was devoted to various papal commissions and to missionary interests. Later he organized schools of Arabic and Hebrew studies for missionaries in Tunis and in Murcia (c. 1255), an independent Muslim kingdom in Spain. It was at his request that St. Thomas Aquinas wrote the Summa contra gentiles, a theological exposition against the heathens.

Raymond died at the age of 100 in Barcelona in 1275 and was canonized by Pope Clement VIII in 1601. He was buried in the Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona.

The Miracle:

Raymond of Penyafort served as the confessor for King James I of Aragon, who was a loyal son of the Church but allowed his lustful desires to shackle him. While on the island of Majorca to initiate a campaign to help convert the Moors living there, the king brought his mistress with him. Raymond reproved the king and asked him repeatedly to dismiss his concubine. This the king refused to do. Finally, the saint told the king that he could remain with him no longer and made plans to leave for Barcelona. But the king forbade Raymond to leave the island, and threatened punishment to any ship captain who dared to take him. Saint Raymond then said to his Dominican companion, “Soon you will see how the King of heaven will confound the wicked deeds of this early king and provide me with a ship!” They then went down to the seashore where Raymond took off his cappa (the long black cloak the Dominicans wear over the white tunic and scapular), and spread one end of it on the water while rigging the other end to his walking staff. Having thus formed a miniature mast, Raymond bid the other Dominican to hop on, but his companion, lacking the saint’s faith, refused to do so. Then Raymond bid him farewell, and with the sign of the cross he pushed away from the shore and miraculously sailed away on his cloak. Skirting around the very boats that had forbidden him passage, the saint was seen by scores of sailors who shouted in astonishment and urged him on. Raymond sailed the ~160 miles to Barcelona in the space of six hours, where his landing was witnessed by a crowd of amazed spectators. Touched by this miracle, King James I renounced his evil ways and thereafter led a good life.[4]

St. Raymond of Peñafort’s feast day was inserted in the General Roman Calendar in 1671 for celebration on 23 January. In 1969 it was moved to 7 January, the day after that of his death.[10]   He is the patron saint of canon lawyers, specifically, and lawyers, in general, in addition to being the unofficial patron saint of making a superb exit, due to the nature of his most famous miracle.

Copies in the U.S.:   1)Harvard                                                                                                2)Library of Congress,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3)Univ. of California                                                                                                                            4)Yale Univ.

Goff A48; H 13710*; Voull(K) 998; Pell Ms 9995 (9785); Polain(B) 11; IBE 29; IDL 11; IBP 21; Voull(B) 996; Sack(Freiburg) 21; Wilhelmi 1; Kind (Göttingen) 1214; Walsh 467; Pr 1366; BMC I 292; BSB-Ink A-23; GW 216.

{1&2 }O’Kane, Michael. “St. Raymond of Peñafort.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 30 Jan. 2014

  1. O’Kane, Michael. “St. Raymond of Peñafort.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 30 Jan. 2014

{3}Thomas Izbicki.  “Manuscript Studies:A Journal of the Schoenberg
Institute for Manuscript Studies University of Pennsylvania Press Volume 2, Number 2.

eeed

  1. ^ Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.
  2. ^ Lindberg, David C. (1978). Science in the Middle Ages. p. 77. ISBN 9780226482330.
  3. ^ McAbe, Ina Baghdiantz (2008). Orientalism in Early Modern France. Oxford: Berg Publishing. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-84520-374-0.
  4. ^ Ghezzi, Bert. “Saint Raymond of Penyafort”, Voices of the Saints, Loyola Press
  5. ^ This story was derived in part from Saint Raymond of Peñafort written by Michael Morris, OP, published in Magnificat, January 2004/Vol. 5, No. 12
  6. ^ Smith, Damian J., Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition in the Lands of the Crown of Aragon, Brill, 2010ISBN 9789004182899
  7. ^ “Calendarium Romanum” (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), pp. 85 and 114

 d

 

Free Will ~ William of Auxerre, on Peter Lombard.

The first medieval theologian to develop a systematic treatise on free will, the virtues, and the natural law.

245J Guillermus Altissodorensis , or  William of Auxerre, c.1150-1231 (sometimes also called William of Beauvai)

Summa aurea in quattuor libros sententiarum : a subtilissimo doctore Magistro Guillermo altissiodore[n]si edita. quam nuper amendis q[uam]plurimis doctissimus sacre theologie professor magister Guillermus de quercu diligenti admodum castigatione emendauit ac tabulam huic pernecessariam edidit.

Impressa est Parisiis : Maxima Philippi Pigoucheti cura impensis vero Nicolai vaultier et Durandi gerlier alme vniuersitatis Parisiensis librariorum iuratorum,  3 Apr. 1500/01.                                $28,000

H19386-L153309897 4

Folio, 306, [20] ; A-z8, §8ç8A-M8, N10,A-B6,C8.    First edition. Large woodcut device (Davies 82) on title, Durand Gerlier’s woodcut device (Davies 119) within 4-part border at end. Gothic types, double column. Small marginal tear, old ms. marginalia.H19386-L153309911This is a wonderful copy which is well preserved. Bound in contemporary Flemish blind stamped calf over wooden boards, rebacked with old spine, endpapers renewed, manuscript author’s name on fore-edge.  Fine blind-stamped panelled calf over beveled wooden boards with pineapple stamps in lattice pattern, within a border of double eagle and round rose stamps. Clasps and catches missing the boards have metal strips .

Provenance:old ms. inscription ‘Societatis Jesu Brugensis’ on title page ; Bibliotheca Broxbourniana (1949) ; heraldic ex libris with the letters A and E of Albert Ehrman (motto: pro viribus summis contendo)  John Ehrman (1920 – 2011) received the library that his father Albert had started; he used a bookplate with the script “Bibliotheca Broxbourniana”  In addition to his historical scholarship, he worked to enhance his father’s library, and disposed of it by gift and auction sale in the late 1970s, ending with a final sale in 1978.

H19386-L153309886-1 2

FIRST EDITION of the major work by William of Auxerre. In his commentary on Peter Lombard, William treats creation, natural law, the nature of man, a tripartite God, usury, end the Last Judgment, among other topics. He applies the critical reasoning of classical philosophy to his writing, He was an Archdeacon of Beauvais before becoming a professor of theology at the university in Paris. In 1231, he was made a member of the commission (the others were Simon of Authie and Stephen of Provins, both canons of Rheims)  appointed by Gregory IX to examine Aristotle’s writings on the natural sciences and to offer amendments where religiously necessary.   And “correct” the corpus of Aristotle and his Arab commentators (which had been banned at the university of Paris since 1210) and extirpate dangerous passages.  Contrary to the papal legate Robert of Courçon and other conservatives, who in 1210 condemned Aristotle’s Physics and Metaphysics as corruptive of Christian faith, William saw no intrinsic reason to avoid the rational analysis of Christian revelation. Confident of William’s orthodoxy, Gregory urged the King to restore him to the university faculty so that he and Godfrey of Poitiers might reorganize the plan of studies. William fell ill and died before any of these projects were begun.The work of the committee was never completed.

The Summa Aurea, written between 1215 and 1220, the Summa Aurea, is divided into  four books as a  commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, that was an important precursor to Aquinas.  It contains an ample disquisition on usury and the natural law basis of economic matters.  William was one of the H19386-L153309903first theologians to be influenced by Aristotle. Preceding as he did the Aristotelian revival, William was largely influenced by St. Augustine, St. Anselm of Canterbury, Richard and Hugh of Saint–Victor, and Avicenna.  He is considered the first medieval theologian to develop a systematic treatise on free will, the virtues, and the natural law. His Summa Aurea shows an intellectual awareness and insistence on the physical which had not been seen in earlier philosophers.  Both in method and in content it shows a considerable amount of originality, although, like all the Summæ of the early thirteenth century, it is influenced by the manner and method of the Lombard.  William was probably a student of the Parisian canon and humanist Richard of St. Victor  but the teacher  whom William was most profoundly influenced was Praepositinus, or Prevostin, of Cremona, Chancellor of the University of Paris from 1206 to 1209.  William was, in turn, the teacher of the Dominican, John of Treviso, one of the first theologians of the Order of Preachers. The importance of the “Summa Aurea” is enhanced by the fact that it was one of the first Summæ composed after the introduction of the metaphysical and physical treatises of Aristotle.

H19386-L153309892 2

The Summa aurea, in four books, selectively treated such theological matters as God as one nature in three persons, creation, man, Christ and the virtues, sacramental worship, and the Last Judgment.

William’s emphasis on philosophy as a tool for Christian theology is evidenced by his critique of Plato’s doctrine of a demiurge, or cosmic intelligence, and by his treatment of the theory of knowledge as a means for distinguishing between God and creation. He also analyzed certain moral questions, including the problem of human choice and the nature of virtue.

William also wrote a Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis (“Compendium of Church Services”), which treated liturgical, or common, prayer, sacramental worship, and the annual cycle of scripture readings and chants. This systematic study served as the model for the late-13th-century noted work on divine worship, Guillaume Durand’s Rationale divinorum officiorum (“An Explanation of the Divine Offices”).

É. H. Gilson, History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages (New York 1955) 656–657. J. Ribaillier, ed., Magistri Guillelmi Altissiodorensis Summa aurea, 7 vols. (Paris 1980–1987).                                                                                                                                                       P. Glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle (Paris 1933–34);     v. 17–18 of Bibliothèque Thomiste (Le Saulchoir 1921–) 1:293–294. c. ottaviano, Guglielmo d’Auxerre                                                                                                                                               . J. VanWijnsberghe, “De biechtleer van Willem van Auxerre in het licht der vroegscholastiek,” Studia catholica 27 (1952) 289–308.                                                                  G. Bonafede, Enciclopedia filosofica, 4 v. (Venice–Rome 1957) 2:934–935.

Goff G718; BMC VIII, 122 ; Hain 8324 ; Proctor 8206 ; Polain 1787 ; IGI 4600; IBP 2614; IDL 2170; IBE 2788; IBPort 821; SI 1815

United States of America:

 Astrik L. Gabriel, Notre Dame IN
Boston Public Library
Bryn Mawr College, Goodhart Medieval Library
New York, Columbia University, Butler Library
San Marino CA, Huntington Library
Univ. of Chicago Libraries
Univ. of Wisconsin

Open this link for a very good introduction to Guillermus

“Truth consists of an adequation between the intellect and a thing”

930G Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274. editor Theodoricus de Susteren.

Summa de veritate celeberrimi doctoris s[an]cti Thome Aquinatis. que olim … me[n]dis scatebat. Nouissime iam per … magistru[m] nostru[m] Theodericum de Susteren co[n]uentus Coloniens[is] fratru[m] predicatoru[m] regentem … laboriose reuisa … feliciter incipit.

DSC_0123

930G Thomas Aquinas 1225-1274

Summa de veritate celeberrimi doctoris s[an]cti Thome Aquinatis. que olim … me[n]dis scatebat. Nouissime iam per … magistru[m] nostru[m] Theodericum de Susteren co[n]uentus Coloniens[is] fratru[m] predicatoru[m] regentem … laboriose reuisa … feliciter incipit.

Cologne : Heinrich Quentell, 7 Mar. 1499                                        $11,500

Folio 10 1/2 X 8 inches 2°: A-Z6,Aa-Gg6; {signature Dd signed De)   Third Edition/The final 15th century edition.

Blind-tooled front and back covers (including some blind-tooled letters), full calf on DSC_0122thick boards. Clasps missing, catchplates present. Foxing throughout, with some red and green ink dots along edges. Front pastedown shows slight signs of water damage. Occasional small red stains on text block (e.g. E3v and Q5), likely from the books’ rubricator, but otherwise a clean text block. “Summa de veritate celeberrimi doctoris sancti Thome Aquinatis…”First written around 1256, Thomas Aquinas’ “Disputed Questions on Truth” defends “the view that truth consists of an adequation between the intellect and a thing… Most importantly, he develops a notion of truth of being (what might be called “ontological truth”) along with truth of the intellect (what might be called “logical truth”)” (Wippel, 295)

DSC_0126Sections include: Truth; God’s Knowledge; Ideas; The Divine Word; Providence; Predestination; The Book of Life; The Knowledge of Angels; The Communication of Angelic Knowledge; The Mind; The Teacher; Prophecy; Rapture; Faith; Higher and Lower Reason; Synderesis; Conscience; The Knowledge of the First Man in the State of Innocence; Knowledge of the Soul After Death; The Knowledge of Christ; Good; The Tendency to Good and the Will; God’s Will; Free Choice; Sensuality; The Passions of the Soul; Grace; The Justification of Sinners; and The Grace of Christ.

For each topic, Aquinas reviews the topic’s Difficulties, and then responses with ‘To the Contrary’ and ‘Reply’. Aquinas concludes each topic with an “Answers to Difficulties” section, demonstrating his typical insightful worldview and readable literary style.“Everything is a being essentially. But a creature is good not essentially but by participation. Good, therefore, really adds something to being (“Good” [U1v]

translation from   http://dhspriory.org/thomas/QDdeVer21.htm).

DSC_0125

Goff T181;(Columbia University, Union Theological Seminary;HEHL; LC ;Massachusetts Historical Society;YUL)  ;  BMC I, 289/90; Only one Copy in The British Isles (BL)

DSC_0127

Impressa Agrippine. opera atq[ue] impe[n]sis p[ro]uidi viri Henrici Quentell. ciuis eiusdem. Anno salutis humane nonagesimonono supra millesimumquadringentesimu[m] Ipso die celebritatis autoris cursu felici ad finem vsq[ue] perducta.

 

Mediavilla, on Lombards sentences and demonology! 1477

957G

220px-Nuremberg_Chronicle_f_222v_3
A generic portrait of Richardus de media villa, woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicle

[Middleton], d. 1302/3

Commentum super quartem Sententarium..

Venice: Christophorus Arnoldus,

[circa 1476-7] $22,000

DSC_0285

Folio 12 1⁄4 9 1⁄4 inches. a-z10 [et]10 [cum]10 [per]10 A 10 B-D8 (D8v blank and aa1r blank) aa8 bb10 cc8 {320 leaves complete)

DSC_0286Second edition. This copy is rubricated throughout with nicely complicated red initials. It is bound in an age appropriate binding of full calf over wooden boards with clasps and catches with quite impressive end bands.

DSC_0125“Middleton, Richard of [Richard de Mediavilla] Franciscan friar, theologian, and philosopher, was born about the middle of the thirteenth century in either England or France. He studied at Paris, where he formed part of the so-called neo-Augustinian movement, defending the philosophy and theology of Augustine against the inroads of Aristotelianism, during the years 1276–87. He probably studied under William of Ware and Matteo d’Acquasparta, usually viewed as principal figures in this movement.

Middleton’s Commentary on Peter Lombard’s ‘Sentences’ was probably begun in 1281 and was completed in 1284,

when he became regent master of the Franciscan school in Paris, a post he held until 1287. The chief characteristic of his Commentary is its sober assessment of many of the positions of Thomas. Aquinas. However, the tone of his eighty Quodlibet Questions, produced during his regency, is much more critical and on many issues shows a strong anti-Thomist reaction. In this they have more in common with his disputed questions, which were argued after the condemnations of 1277 but before his Sentences commentary. The latter commentary has been edited along with his Quodlibet Questions. A small number of his disputed questions have also been edited, as have six of his sermonDSC_0126s.

Furthermore;  nine questions (23 to 31) in this volume form a veritable treatise on demonology, a rare type in the thirteenth century. Mediavilla’s remark is singular: he is the only thinker who gives an autonomy of existence to the demon, in the framework of a rational description.
Mediavilla focuses on the present of the devil and its modes of action on men. He is the great thinker of the demonic turn of the 1290s.
This text offers one of the origins of a Western genre, the “novel of Satan”.

The questions of volume IV

23 . Did the first sin of the angel come from a good principle?
24. Can the angel at the moment of his creation sin?
25 . In the first sin of the angel, was the comparison of the creature anterior, according to the order of nature, to the distancing from God?
26. Was the first sin of the angel pride?
27 . Did the evil angel repent of his pride?
28 . In the evil angels, does sin follow another sin without end?
29. Does the sorrow of the evil angels leave her with a certain joy?
30 . Would the evil angels not be?
31 . Can bad angels play our sensations?

Middleton’s link to the neo-Augustinian movement is seen especially in his treatment of the will, even though he does not entirely follow his teachers, Ware and Acquasparta. For Middleton the will is much more noble than the intellect, since it is much more noble to love God than to understand him. Understanding without the corresponding love separates man from God. However, the key to the will’s nobility is its freedom. The intellect is forced by evidence when evidence is given; the will also is forced by its nature to seek the good, but it is free in choosing the means to its predetermined goal. Even if the intellect were prudent enough to show man the best means to his goal, he would not be forced to adopt them. ‘For although the intellect, like a servant with a lamp, points out the way, the will, like the master, makes the decisions and can go in any direction it pleases’ (Stegmüller, 722).

The superiority of the human will over the intellect further manifests itself in Middleton’s conception of the nature of theology. Certainly, the study of the scriptures attempts to clarify human knowledge of both creator and creatures; principally, however, it aims to stimulate man’s affections. Middleton believes that scripture prescribes laws, forbids, threatens, attracts man through promises, and shows him models of behaviour that he should follow or avoid. The study of scripture perfects the soul, moving it

toward the good through fear and love. It is more of a practical science than a speculative endeavour. A theology that is speculative is one that models itself on the theology of the metaphysician or philosopher and tends to reduce Christian faith to reason.

The influence of Aquinas is more in evidence in Middleton’s theory of knowledge.     Middleton rejects the illumination theory of Bonaventure and his more loyal followers. Man’s intellectual knowledge can be explained, he argues, by the abstraction performed by the agent intellect from the singulars experienced by the human senses. In short, human individuals know, and they know by means of their own intellectual efforts, not by some special divine illumination. Unlike those who endorse the illumination theory, Middleton contends that there is no direct knowledge of spiritual beings, including God. God is not the first thing known. He can be known only by starting with creatures and by. reasoning about their origins or final end. Middleton died in Rheims on 30 March 1302 or 1303.”   [Oxford DNB]

Goff M-424; BMC V 206.
(The ISTC shows two US copies…

St Louis Univ., Pius XII Memorial

Library (-)& YUL – i.e. both defective) add UCLA.

See also  Satan the Heretic: The Birth of Demonology in the Medieval West November 15, 2006by Alain Boureau (Author), Teresa Lavender Fagan (Translator)513wgqIFYkL._AC_US218_

William of Auxerre, on Peter Lombard.

The first medieval theologian to develop a systematic treatise on free will, the virtues, and the natural law.

245J Guillermus Altissodorensis , or  William of Auxerre, c.1150-1231 (sometimes also called William of Beauvai)

Summa aurea in quattuor libros sententiarum : a subtilissimo doctore Magistro Guillermo altissiodore[n]si edita. quam nuper amendis q[uam]plurimis doctissimus sacre theologie professor magister Guillermus de quercu diligenti admodum castigatione emendauit ac tabulam huic pernecessariam edidit.

Impressa est Parisiis : Maxima Philippi Pigoucheti cura impensis vero Nicolai vaultier et Durandi gerlier alme vniuersitatis Parisiensis librariorum iuratorum,  3 Apr. 1500/01.                                $28,000

H19386-L153309897 4

Folio, 306, [20] ; A-z8, §8ç8A-M8, N10,A-B6,C8.    First edition. Large woodcut device (Davies 82) on title, Durand Gerlier’s woodcut device (Davies 119) within 4-part border at end. Gothic types, double column. Small marginal tear, old ms. marginalia.H19386-L153309911This is a wonderful copy which is well preserved. Bound in contemporary Flemish blind stamped calf over wooden boards, rebacked with old spine, endpapers renewed, manuscript author’s name on fore-edge.  Fine blind-stamped panelled calf over beveled wooden boards with pineapple stamps in lattice pattern, within a border of double eagle and round rose stamps. Clasps and catches missing the boards have metal strips .

Provenance:old ms. inscription ‘Societatis Jesu Brugensis’ on title page ; Bibliotheca Broxbourniana (1949) ; heraldic ex libris with the letters A and E of Albert Ehrman (motto: pro viribus summis contendo)  John Ehrman (1920 – 2011) received the library that his father Albert had started; he used a bookplate with the script “Bibliotheca Broxbourniana”  In addition to his historical scholarship, he worked to enhance his father’s library, and disposed of it by gift and auction sale in the late 1970s, ending with a final sale in 1978.

H19386-L153309886-1 2

FIRST EDITION of the major work by William of Auxerre. In his commentary on Peter Lombard, William treats creation, natural law, the nature of man, a tripartite God, usury, end the Last Judgment, among other topics. He applies the critical reasoning of classical philosophy to his writing, He was an Archdeacon of Beauvais before becoming a professor of theology at the university in Paris. In 1231, he was made a member of the commission (the others were Simon of Authie and Stephen of Provins, both canons of Rheims)  appointed by Gregory IX to examine Aristotle’s writings on the natural sciences and to offer amendments where religiously necessary.   And “correct” the corpus of Aristotle and his Arab commentators (which had been banned at the university of Paris since 1210) and extirpate dangerous passages.  Contrary to the papal legate Robert of Courçon and other conservatives, who in 1210 condemned Aristotle’s Physics and Metaphysics as corruptive of Christian faith, William saw no intrinsic reason to avoid the rational analysis of Christian revelation. Confident of William’s orthodoxy, Gregory urged the King to restore him to the university faculty so that he and Godfrey of Poitiers might reorganize the plan of studies. William fell ill and died before any of these projects were begun.The work of the committee was never completed.

The Summa Aurea, written between 1215 and 1220, the Summa Aurea, is divided into  four books as a  commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, that was an important precursor to Aquinas.  It contains an ample disquisition on usury and the natural law basis of economic matters.  William was one of the H19386-L153309903first theologians to be influenced by Aristotle. Preceding as he did the Aristotelian revival, William was largely influenced by St. Augustine, St. Anselm of Canterbury, Richard and Hugh of Saint–Victor, and Avicenna.  He is considered the first medieval theologian to develop a systematic treatise on free will, the virtues, and the natural law. His Summa Aurea shows an intellectual awareness and insistence on the physical which had not been seen in earlier philosophers.  Both in method and in content it shows a considerable amount of originality, although, like all the Summæ of the early thirteenth century, it is influenced by the manner and method of the Lombard.  William was probably a student of the Parisian canon and humanist Richard of St. Victor  but the teacher  whom William was most profoundly influenced was Praepositinus, or Prevostin, of Cremona, Chancellor of the University of Paris from 1206 to 1209.  William was, in turn, the teacher of the Dominican, John of Treviso, one of the first theologians of the Order of Preachers. The importance of the “Summa Aurea” is enhanced by the fact that it was one of the first Summæ composed after the introduction of the metaphysical and physical treatises of Aristotle.

H19386-L153309892 2

The Summa aurea, in four books, selectively treated such theological matters as God as one nature in three persons, creation, man, Christ and the virtues, sacramental worship, and the Last Judgment.

William’s emphasis on philosophy as a tool for Christian theology is evidenced by his critique of Plato’s doctrine of a demiurge, or cosmic intelligence, and by his treatment of the theory of knowledge as a means for distinguishing between God and creation. He also analyzed certain moral questions, including the problem of human choice and the nature of virtue.

William also wrote a Summa de officiis ecclesiasticis (“Compendium of Church Services”), which treated liturgical, or common, prayer, sacramental worship, and the annual cycle of scripture readings and chants. This systematic study served as the model for the late-13th-century noted work on divine worship, Guillaume Durand’s Rationale divinorum officiorum (“An Explanation of the Divine Offices”).

É. H. Gilson, History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages (New York 1955) 656–657. J. Ribaillier, ed., Magistri Guillelmi Altissiodorensis Summa aurea, 7 vols. (Paris 1980–1987).                                                                                                                                                       P. Glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle (Paris 1933–34);     v. 17–18 of Bibliothèque Thomiste (Le Saulchoir 1921–) 1:293–294. c. ottaviano, Guglielmo d’Auxerre                                                                                                                                               . J. VanWijnsberghe, “De biechtleer van Willem van Auxerre in het licht der vroegscholastiek,” Studia catholica 27 (1952) 289–308.                                                                  G. Bonafede, Enciclopedia filosofica, 4 v. (Venice–Rome 1957) 2:934–935.

Goff G718; BMC VIII, 122 ; Hain 8324 ; Proctor 8206 ; Polain 1787 ; IGI 4600; IBP 2614; IDL 2170; IBE 2788; IBPort 821; SI 1815

United States of America Astrik L. Gabriel, Notre Dame IN
Boston Public Library
Bryn Mawr College, Goodhart Medieval Library
New York, Columbia University, Butler Library
San Marino CA, Huntington Library
Univ. of Chicago Libraries
Univ. of Wisconsin

Open this link for a very good introduction to Guillermus

Featured post

Meditationes vitae Christi

262J  Saint Bonaventura (1217-1274)

or rather a Fraticelli,?

  Vita christi

IMG_0420

 [Paris : Philippe Pigouchet, about 1487].             $11,000

Originally assigned by BL to Caillaut and sometimes attributed to Johannes de Caulibus (BBFN Inc p.119f)

Quarto 7 3/4 x 5 1/2 inches a-i8. 72 leaves of 72. This copy is completely rubricated, paragraph signs and underlining in red, and bound in an early (but later) limp vellum binding.

This work’s precise date of composition, and its author, has occasioned much debate.  Until the late nineteenth century, it was traditionally ascribed to Bonaventure. Once it was realised that the work was not by him, but by an unknown author, the ascription was changed to pseudo-Bonaventure, representing a work previously thought to have been written by Bonaventure, but now of unknown author. It has since been thought to be the work of a Franciscan friar.[1]

The critical editor of the Meditations associated it with a John of Caulibus     ( Johannes de Caulibus),[2] It was also suggested that the work may have been based on a vernacular work, perhaps one written by an Italian nun,[4] but this view has not won wide acceptance.[5]

 Newly discovered documentary evidence showed that the work was indeed that of a Franciscan, and was written around 1300 by Jacobus de Sancto Geminiano, who is also identifiable as the leader of a revolt of Tuscan spirituals, one of the Fraticelli, in 1312.[6][7]


“On Monday, start at the beginning (of the Lord’s life), and go as far as the Lord’s flight into Egypt; then stop at this point. On Tuesday, resume there, and meditate as far as his opening of the Book in the synagogue. On Wednesday, proceed from there to the ministry of Mary and Martha. On Thursday, go from there to the passion and death. On Friday and Saturday, go as far as the resurrection. Finally, on Sunday, meditate on the resurrection itself up to the end of his earthly life.”  (Ed. and trans. Stallings-Taney et al. Meditations, 332)

Meditationes verosic divide, ut die Lunae incipiens, procurras usque ad fugam Domini in Aegyptum. Et eo dimidimisso, die Martis, pro eo rediens, mediteris usque ad apertionem libri in synagoga; die Mercurii exinde, usque in ministerium Mariae et Marthae; die Jovis abinde, usque ad passionem; die Veneris et Sabbati, usque ad resurrectionem; die vero Dominica, ipsam resurrectionem, et usque in finem. (Meditationes, ed. Peltier, 329

The work’s popularity in the Middle Ages is evidenced by the survival of over two hundred manuscript copies, including seventeen illuminated ones.[8] The popularity of the work increased further with early printed editions, with a surviving Venetian blockbook of 1497.[9]

The work’s detailed evocations of moments from the Gospels influenced art, and it has been shown to be the source of aspects of the iconographyof the fresco cycle of the Life of Christ in the Scrovegni Chapel by Giotto. It has also been credited with inspiring the great increase in depictions of the Veil of Veronica from the late 14th century.[10]

Vita Christi Introduction

AMONG the many encomiums and praises bestowed on the holy Virgin, St. Cecilie, it is recorded of her, that she kept the Gospel of Christ continually enshrined in her breast : the meaning of which seems to be, that she selected such passages from our Lord’s life and actions, contained in that divine volume, as tended most to raise her devotion, and inflame her love. On these she medi tated day and night, and such was the fervor of her heart, and the ardor of her affections, that she did not content herself with a single perusal, but was accustomed to read the most striking parts many times over, and carefully deposit them in the sanctuary of her heart. The like practice I recommend to you, as I look upon it to be the most material branch of spiritual study, and even the most beneficial of all devout exercises, and that which is most capable of leading you to the summit of Christian perfec tion. For surely the holy life of Christ, not merely free from the minutest blemish, but even divinely perfect, must be the best and only sure fountain whence we can hope to draw the perfect knowledge necessary to arm our breast against the flattering, yet fleeting vanities of the world ; to render us steady amidst tribulations and adversities ; and finally, to preserve us from vice, and facilitate the possession of every virtue. Frequent and habitual medita tions on that divine subject being the readiest means to introduce the soul, as it were, into such a kind of famil iarity, confidence, and love of him, as will insensibly create in it a contempt and distaste of everything else, and will effectually instruct it, both in what to do, and what to ftvoid doing. And first, that the contemplation of Christ’s blessed life * engthens the heart against the transient pleasures and * ceitful vanities of the world, sufficiently appears in the life of the sacred virgin, St. Cecilie, already mentioned, whose capacious heart was so filled with the divine senti ments gathered thence, that it had no space left for the entrance of vain affections. Even amidst the allurements of magnificence, the dissipations of music and other sensual pleasures, profusely combining to render the solemnity of her nuptials the more inviting to the sense, her heart, un affected by them, and, as it were, insensible of all these flattering appearances, remained immovably fixed on God, to whom she often recurred in these words : ” O Lord ! render my body and heart pure and undefiled, that I be not confounded”

Vita Christi.          signature a vi

MANKIND having for the long and tedious space of more than five thousand years continued in a miserable state of exile, not one of them being able to shake off the clog of original guilt, and soar to his native country Heaven; the blessed choir of angelic spirits, (moved to compassion, and concerned at the dreadful havoc sin had made among them, as well as solicitous to see the numbers of their own heavenly legions again completed) as soon as the fulness of time was come, resolved to renew the instances they had often before made to the Almighty.

  1. McNamer, Sarah (1990). “Further evidence for the date of the Pseudo-Bonaventuran Meditationes vitae Christi”. Franciscan Studies. 50 (1): 235–261. doi:10.1353/frc.1990.0003.
  2. Stallings-Taney, C. Mary (1997). Iohannis de Caulibus Meditaciones uite Christi, olim S. Bonauenturo attributae. Corpus Christianorum, continuatio mediaevalis. 153. Turnhout: Brepols. ISBN 978-2-503-04532-0.
  3. Taney, Francis X.; Miller, Anne; Stallings-Taney, C. Mary (2000). Meditations on the life of Christ. Asheville, NC: Pegasus Press. ISBN 978-1-889-81823-8.
  4. McNamer, Sarah (October 2009). “The Origins of the Meditationes vitae Christi”. Speculum. 84 (4): 905–955. doi:10.1017/S0038713400208142.
  5. Karnes, Michelle (2011). Imagination, meditation, and cognition in the Middle Ages. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-226-42531-3.
  6. Tóth, Peter; Falvay, Dávid (2014). “New Light on the Date and Authorship of the Meditationes vitae Christi”. In Stephen Kelly, Ryan Perry (eds.). Devotional culture in late medieval England and Europe: diverse imaginations of Christ’s life. Medieval church studies. 31. Turnhout: Brepols. pp. 17–105. doi:10.1484/M.MCS-EB.5.103036ISBN 978-2-503-54935-4.
  7. Falls, David J. (2016). Nicholas Love’s Mirror and late medieval devotio-literary culture: Theological politics and devotional practice in fifteenth-century England. London: Routledge. pp. 39–42. ISBN 978-1-317-08755-7.
  8. Ragusa, Isa; Green, Rosalie B. (1961). Meditations on the life of Christ; an illustrated manuscript of the fourteenth century (2 ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10031-9.
  9. “Le devote meditatione sopra la passione del nostro signore”. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  10. Mâle, Emile (1986). Religious art in France: The late Middle Ages. A study of medieval iconography and its sources (5 ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 26–48. ISBN 978-0-691-09914-9.

For a complete  English translation you can follow this link.

https://archive.org/stream/stbonaventuresli00bonauoft/stbonaventuresli00bonauoft_djvu.txt

colophon

Holdings
British Library (IA.40282)
British Isles Cambridge
FranceCambrai BM
Metz BM
Troyes BM (2)
Valognes BM (imperfect)
Vire BM (copy destroyed)
Germany Isny NikolaiK
Sweden Stockholm Swedish anonymous institution
Switzerland Luzern ZB
Ukraine Kiev NL


Number of holding institutions 11

NO US COPY

Not In Goff ;  BMC VIII 112; GW 4747;Pell 2698; Arnoult 329; Girard 125; SI 855; Leuze(Isny) 165; Oates 3068; 

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