#749J.  Nathan Parkhurst 1643-1707.

The faithful and diligent Christian described and exemplified. Or, A sermon (with some additions,) preached at the funeral of the Lady Elizabeth Brooke, the relict of Sir Robert Brooke Kt. of Cockfield-Hall in Yoxford, Suffolk. Who departed this life July 22. And was interred in the parish-church of Yoxford, July 26. 1683. And in the 82d year of her age. To which is annexed (including the character then given of her) an account of the life and death of that eminent lady. With an appendix, containing some observations, experiences, and rules for practice, found written with her Ladiship’s own hand. By Nath. Parkhurst, M.A. Vicar of Yoxford, and chaplain to her Ladiship.

London : printed for Samuel Sprint at the Bell in Little-Britain, and John Harding at the Bible and Anchor in Newport-Street near Leicester-Fields, 1684.      Price $ 5,000

Octavo 18 x 11 Cm. Signatures: A⁴ B-L⁸. Bound in  an original very humble (and worn) full sheep binding.

Sole edition of this biography of the learned noblewoman Elizabeth Brooke (1602-1683). , printed just a few months after her death in July of 1683. Navigating the ravages of the Civil War as well as the deaths of six of her seven children, Lady Brooke had taught herself theology and philosophy by reading biblical commentaries and translations of the classics, and her writings here (pp. 83-160) betray sympathy for non-conformism as well as counsel to her fellows. According to her biographer, Nathaniel Parkhurst, she had mastered ‘Controversial’ as well as practical divinity: “She could oppose an Atheist by Arguments drawn from Topicks in Natural Theology, and answer the Arguments of Papists, Socinians, Pelagians, &c” (p. 48).


A Puritan Witch Hunter and exorcist.

752J  Darrell, John 1562- 1602A detection of that sinnful, shamful, lying, and ridiculous discours, of Samuel Harshnet. entituled: A discouerie of the fravvdulent practises of Iohn Darrell wherein is manifestly and apparantly shewed in the eyes of the world. not only the vnlikelihoode, but the flate impossibilitie of the pretended counterfayting of William Somers, Thomas Darling, Kath. Wright, and Mary Couper, togeather with the other 7. in Lancashire, and the supposed teaching of them by the saide Iohn Darrell. [England?]: Imprinted [by the English secret press?], 1600.       $6,000 [Imprint conjectured by STC.]  Octavo 18 x 12.5 cm. Signatures: π1, A2 B2,A3,B4, C-Y2, Aa-Zz2, Aaa-Ggg2. (lacking 4 un-numbered pages table of contents).  Title and first leaves extended; otherwise, a very good copy. Text is predominantly clean. First edition. Binding: Full recent calf with blind tooled rulings. Spine in six compartments of raised bands with gilt title. Darrell (1562-1602) was an Anglican clergyman noted for his Puritan views and his practice as an exorcist, which led to imprisonment. As one of England’s most famous exorcists. In 1586 he was called to help by Isabel Foljambe and he exorcised a girl in Derbyshire, and published an account of his work. In 1596–1597 he conducted further exorcisms, mainly at St Mary’s Church, Nottingham, where he was appointed curate by Robert Aldridge, but also in Lancashire, where with others he exorcised demons from seven members of the household of Nicholas Starkey in Tyldesley on 17 and 18 March 1597 and in Staffordshire. Many were skeptical about these cases, especially when Darrell claimed he knew of 13 witches in the town. “After some controversy regarding the exorcism of William Somers, Darrell was summoned to London and imprisoned for over a year. ‘After being imprisoned for more than a year, Darrell and More were found guilty of fraud by the commissioners for ecclesiastical causes, in late May 1599. The two ministers were deprived of their livings and returned to prison to await sentencing. An acrimonious controversy ensued which lasted for four years and provoked more than a dozen books. Darrell’s opponents, led by Richard Bancroft, the bishop of London, and his chaplain Samuel Harsnett, were well placed to sponsor sermons and printed attacks on Darrell and to suppress works defending him. But Darrell clearly enjoyed well-organized support since works championing him poured from foreign and clandestine presses. Although Darrell was quietly released in the summer of 1599, he went underground and by the end of 1602 had published five works on his own behalf. His career as an exorcist, however, was finished’ (DNB).      His career was highly controversial at the time; one of his first exorcism clients admitted fakery was involved, and his continued practice drew criticism from prominent members of society. This work is part of a pamphlet war that raged between Darrell and one of his chief accusers, Samuel Harshnett, who would become the Archbishop of York. In 1599 Darrell was questioned at Lambeth Palace, pronounced an imposter, defrocked, and given a year in jail. The remainder of his life was passed in obscurity, with copies of his book being burned, making this a very rare volume., Because of the intense public interest and the fierce arguments in Nottingham, John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury, ordered an investigation. As a result, Darrell was accused of fraudulent exorcism. The prosecutor was Samuel Harsnett, who was to end his career as Archbishop of York. Harsnett’s views about Darrell were published in A Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures in 1603. Shakespeare read it, and King Lear contains the names of devils, like Flibbertigibbet and Smulkin, taken from Darrell’s book. Darrell himself maintained that there was no fraud in his activities. What he wanted to prove was that Puritans were as capable as Roman Catholics in the matter of dispossessing evil spirits.Darrell was deprived of holy orders and sent to prison but released in 1599.Provenance: Ex Libris Isabel Somerset Reigate Priory Lady Henry Somerset (nee Lady Isabella Caroline Somers-Cocks; 1851-1921) was a British philanthropist, temperance leader and campaigner for women’s rights. STC (2nd ed.), 6283; ESTC (RLIN); S109292cf: Marion Gibson, Possession, Puritanism and Print: Darrell, Harsnett, Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Exorcism Controversy, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2006, ISBN 9781851965397Brendan C. Walsh, The English Exorcist: John Darrell and the Shaping of Early Modern English Protestant Demonology, New York; NY: Routledge, 2021Copies – N.America   LinkFolger Shakespeare LinkHarvard University Houghton Library LinkHenry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery LinkNewberry LinkTrinity College, Watkinson Library LinkYale University, Sterling Memorial 


The first printed book in English on midwifery.

743J. Raynalde, Thomas, active 1540-1551., Rößlin, Eucharius. ca.1526.
The birth of man-kinde; othervvise named, The womans booke. Set forth inEnglish by Thomas Raynald physitian, and by him corrected and augmented. The contents are in the table following, but chiefly in the prologue.

London : Printed [by Robert Barker, Bernard Alsop, and Thomas Fawcet] for A. H[ebb] and are to be sold by Iohn Morret, at the two Tuns in little Britaine, 1634.

Quarto, 18.5×14.5 cm. Signatures: A⁴ B-O⁸.[Errors in paging: 162, 169-171 repeated] “Barker printed quire A and Alsop and Fawcet the rest”–STC. Nine full page woodcut illustrations woodcuts on pp. 83-87(comprised of 9 anatomical images) and 107-110, (comprising an image of the Birthing Stoole and 18 images of the foetus in the womb) ‘the earliest obstetrical illustrations printed from wood blocks’, with ‘the four woodcuts of the egg membranes and the placenta being later taken from Vesalius’ “Fabrica” (Heirs of Hippocrates). This copy is bound in period calf boards, rebacked in modern morocco with spine label, spine tooled in gilt.

Based on a translation by Richard Jonas of a Latin edition of: Eucharius Rößlin Der swangern Frawen und hebammen Rosegarten. Rößlin’s Rosengarten borrowed heavily from Muscio’s fifth-century CEGenecia and there is reason to believe that Muscio’s treatise heavily borrowed or is an outright copy of the first-century work of the Greek physician Soranus.

Between 1540 and 1654, The Byrth of Mankynde was a huge commercial success. Offering information onfertility, pregnancy, birth, and infant care, and written in a chatty, colloquial style, it influenced most other literary works of the period bearing on sex, reproduction, and childcare.

In 1545 a ‘corrected and augmented’ edition was published under Raynalde’s who was the printer/publisher and thenceforth the book is refered to under his own name. Little is known about Raynalde, but his considerable additions made the book twice as long as the original translation. He borrowed freely from other authors, including anatomical illustrations and descriptions from Andreas Vesalius’ influential 1543 work De corporis humani fabrica.
The text Is organized in a very useable form with a detailed table (index). Followed by a Prologue to the women readers written “ succinctly and in a few words” , and promises to be to have utility and and profit.
The first book describes the female anatomy, illustrated with the woodcuts .
The second book discusses types of birth (natural, unnatural, difficult, painful), Medicines to make women’s labour ‘tolerable’ to great pain an ointment “take the oil of white Lillies Duck grease with Saffron and musk “ A plaster to provoke birth , and miscarriage, ‘untimely birth’ and stillborn babies)
The third book examines The “signs and tokens of a good nurse” how to take care of a newborn, including breastfeeding and the most common illnesses, e.g., colic, cough, blisters, swelling of the eyes, the navel or the body more generally, worms, epilepsy and squint eyes.
And the fourth book is devoted to conception, causes and remedies for sterility, as well as remedies to beautify men and women (e.g., conceal freckles, eliminate warts and bad breath, smooth the skin, keep one’s teeth clean)

STC (2nd ed.), 21164; ESTC,; s116051;Krivatsy 908; Waller 8102; cf. Heirs of Hippocrates (160 edition) 115], Power; 1634 J. Richards, ‘Reading and Hearing The Womans Booke in Early Modern England’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 89 (2015).


Defending the use of cosmetics:

756J  Gauden, John (1605-1662), Jeremy Taylor (1613-1667)

discourse of artificial beauty, in point of conscience between two ladies:  with some satyrical censures on the vulgar errors of these times.

London : R. Royston, London : Printed at the Angel in Ivy-Lane, 1662     $2,700

Octavo , .      Signatures:1 ¹, A4,B-R8,S4 [S4 blank present],B-H8.Engraved frontispiece signed: AH. This edition is the first with frontispiece and first with Vulgar Errours added. This copy is extra illlustrated with 6 engraved plates by Vinkeles from LaFountaine, the plates are dated 1772, plus another engraved plate on the rear paste down.   This copy is bound in early full calf with red morocco spine label with the large bookplate of Ethel Norah Godfrey Pike and a small ex libris stamp of JGJ.  This is a second  edition  first published under the tile  Discourse of auxiliary beauty.(1656) 

 “John Gauden’s (Author attributation  to both Gauden and J. Taylor. Cf. Halkett & Laing) 

A Discourse of Artificial Beauty, in Point of Conscience, Between Two Ladies: With Some Satyrical Censures on the Vulgar Errors of These Times (1662; first ed., 1656) engages all of these arguments. It is also–if not the first prolonged attempt of a man to see cosmetics from women’s points of view–certainly the longest attempt, at 262 pages. The Discourse is set as a conversation “between two ladies,” one woman presenting her objections concisely, and the other woman defending cosmetics at some length. Most of the arguments spring from the two women’s fairly similar views of nature (which in one sense, but not always, includes conscience and the faculty of reason, and in another sense, can include some parts of civilization as outgrowths of human nature) and their agreement about nature’s moral authority in comparison to scripture, tradition, and other forms of culture. A Discourse of Artificial Beauty is an excellent seventeenth-century source for understanding how the rhetoric of nature can affect the more specific ethical discussions of the period…

The deeper meaning, the reality behind the appearance, turns out not to be about vanity but about piety. The dialogue is not designed to be a show of rhetoric but to genuinely satisfy women’s consciences, one way or the other, regarding the choice of whether to use cosmetics. The same disjunction between appearance and reality will be argued, by the second woman, in the case of cosmetics themselves. A woman who wears cosmetics may at first glance seem to be acting out of vanity, but in fact she may be piously performing an act of worship and thanksgiving for God’s gift of the freedom and materials needed to make her face as beautiful as possible. One must inquire into her motives before commending or condemning her actions. The second woman will continually return to the question of motive as she defends the use of cosmetics.”

[How The Rhetoric of Nature Informs The Rhetoric Of The Ethics Of Cosmetics In A Discourse Of Artifiicial Beauty (1662) by.  Adam Kissel]

Wing (CD-ROM, 1996),; G353; ESTC,; R8975