Usus libri,non lectio prudente ƒacit
448J Jacobus de Gruytrode
Lavacrum conciencie [sic] omnibus sacerdotibus perutile
Lyptzck [Leipzig] : Gregor B.ttiger, 1495. $18,000
ISTC il00099000 Goff L99; IBP 3382; Madsen 2157; Voull(B) 1383; Günt(L) 1205; Hubay(Würzburg) 1187; Pad-Ink 375; Wilhelmi 387; BSB-Ink L-71.050; GW 13880. Not in Hain, BMC, STC et c.
Copies; United States of America : 1) Library of Congress 2) Univ. of California, Law Library.
Theodor Petreius, Bibliotheca Cartusiana (Cologne, 1609), identifies the actual author as Johannes Meskirchius (Messkirch, d. 1511), a monk at the charterhouse of Güterstein near Stuttgart
(for Messkirch see R. Deigendesch, ‘Bücher und ihre Schenker – Die Bücherlisten der Kartause Güterstein in Württemberg’, in S. Lorenz, ed., Bücher, Bibliotheken und Schriftkultur der Kartäuser. Festgabe zum 65. Geburtstag von Edward Potkowski, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 93–115).
This “Soap of the Conscience” is filled with morally instructive stories intended to keep priests faithful to their vows and safe from worldly temptations, lest they suffer the “harshest punishments” of hell. In this work he tries in numerous moral and instructive stories to prove the nullity of worldly joys. Born in Gruitrode ca. 1400-10, Jacobus van Eertwach was a Carthusian monk who served as an abbot of the prior of the Liege from 1440 until his death in 1475, during which time he produced numerous works of spiritual guidance for both clergy and laypersons.
This treatise against immorality, especially the priests, which was first printed by Anton Sorg in 1489. This work also includes short stories and some German proverbs translated into latin.
Although today the work is generally attributed to the Carthusian monk of German origin.
Signs of Usage:
There are written notes and abbreviations through out the book (almost every page), a handful of manicules, and a few signs which look like “( ( ” or rather two backward ‘c’. The ownership on the top of the title page is un -decipherable to me.
R. Deigendesch, ‘Bücher und ihre Schenker – Die Bücherlisten der Kartause Güterstein in Württemberg’, in S. Lorenz, ed., Bücher, Bibliotheken und Schriftkultur der Kartäuser. Festgabe zum 65. Geburtstag von Edward Potkowski, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 93–115
Bloomfield, M. Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices: 1100-1500 A.D., Cambridge, 1979.
438J Ripelin, Hugo 1205-1270
In this book there are notes on each leaf of of Liber Quartus,as well as most of the leaves of Liber Sextus.
I think is is not a stretch that these notes are written by Jacob Hartlieb active 1493-1513.
438J Ripelin, Hugo 1205-1270
Compendium theologicae veritatis [with table by Thomas Dorniberg]
Ulm: Johann Zainer, ca. 1478-80). [not after 1480]
[CIBN dates not after 1480 from the date of rubrication in Württemberg LB copy (cf. Amelung, Frühdruck)] Imprint from incipit on leaf [2r] which reads: Theoloyce veritatis co[m]pendium alphabetico ordine registratum ac in regali opido vlma per Joa[n]nem zainer impressum feliciter incipit. Price $24,000
Folio 26 x 19 cm) Signatures: unsigned [a8, b6, c-t8, u6, x6.].
162 leaves. 40 lines, single column, headlines. Gothic type (type: 4:96G, 5:136G). Each Signature is guarded by vellum from a reused manuscript. Many initials rubricated in red,(excepting most of book two?) capitals accented in red, and section titles underlined in red.
This copy is bound in original red doe skin over beveled wooden boards, decoratively stamped in blind with alternating floral and fleur-de-lis pattern, remnants of original clasps, old paper label on spine, boards and spine heavily rubbed and worn, chip out of top corner of rear board, lower corner very worn, spine ends chipped.
¶ There is an old catalogue slipdescription on front paste-down quoting a Katalogle description from “T. (sic. Jacques) Rosenthal “ Buch-und Kunstantiquariat katalogle 18: 1898 number 244; [which dates this edition at 1468] ¶ Most likely typed by WR Siegart who received this book from Dr. Grimm. More interesting, on the front pastedown there is an ownership note by Jacob Hartlieb active 1493-1513. There is a note free endpaper which a is a reference, noting a page number in a book by Jakob Wimpheling of Schlestadt, (1450-1528.) licentiate of theology, on the lives of the bishops of Strasbourg, [specifically] in the life of Henry of Germany, the one-time(?) (looks like olim) 65th (?) bishop, writes on folio 42: Then follows Wimpheling’s passage. By the way, this Henry has got to be: Henri de Geroldseck active (1263–1273). Wimpheling notes that he was bishop in 1265. ¶ Wimpheling co-authored a book with Hartlieb. De fide co[n]cubinaru[m] in sacerdotes. Questio accessoria causa ioci et vrbanitatis in q[uo]dlibeto Heydelburge[n]si determinata, quibusda[m] nouis addito[n]ibus denuo illustrata. Jte[m] Questio minus principalis, de eisde[m] facetie causa, p[er] magistru[m] Jacobu[m] Hartlieb determi[n]ata . Ach lieue els. biß myr holt.
Therefor it is not unreasonable to think that both Hartlieb and Wimpheling were friends/coleagues.
On the front past-down is later ownership evidence, an armorial book-plate of German doctor and incunabula collector Ferdinand Herscher (15??-1646) book-plate of Theological Seminary Library, Gettysburg, PA. There are two paper fragments in two different hands laid in at front. lengthy early description in ink on recto of front blank; title in ink at head of first printed leaf; Small scattered worming; damp staining at fore-edge of first 14 leaves; minor dampstaining at bottom edge;
Johann Zainer (d. ca. 1523) was the second printer based in Ulm. Among others, he is remembered for printing the first German translation of Boccaccio’s “De claris mulieribus” in 1473. Only 1.4% of ISTC recorded editions were printed in Ulm. CIBN dates not after 1480 from the date of rubrication in Württemberg LB copy (cf. Amelung, Frühdruck)
The “Compendium theologicae” has a long history of being misattributed to an array of authors such as Albert Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Dorinberg, and Bonaventure, among others, but is now more certainly considered to be by Hugo Ripelin The Compendium most probably, if not certainly, was written by Hugh of Stasburg. Other works attributed to him are: “Commentarium in IV libros sententiarum”; “Quodlibeta, quaestiones, disputationes et variae in divinos libros explanationes”. , a Dominican theologian from Strasbourg. Thomas Dorinberg, who complied the edition of 1473 with an index, was for a long time looked upon as the author; others attributed it to Thomas Aquinas.
Apart from the works of Thomas Aquinas, the “Compendium” was the most widely read work of Dominican theology, being used as a textbook for close to 400 years. The Compendium is indeed a monumental achievement. It is notable for its superb organization, its concise exposition of an amplitude of topics and of supporting rationales. It is also, for the most part, written in clear Latin, making it more easily accessible to clergy who may not have been as fluent in Latin as were the monks.
The Compendium is divided into seven books, each having its own set of
themes, as indicated by these books’ titles:
(1) On the Nature of the Deity;
(2) On the Works of the Creator;
(3) On the Corrupting Effect of Sin;
(4) On the Humanity o f Christ;
(5) On the Sanctifying-Effect of the Graces;
(6) On the Efficacy of the Sacraments;
(7) On the Last Times and on the Punishments
of Those Who are Evil
and the Rewards of Those Who are Good.
Each of the books is sub-divided into a series of specific issues the development of which is meant to give guidance to preachers and to students of theology. The fact that these issues are so central to Christian belief helps to explain why there survive in 59 printed editions.
Goff A233; (not in BMC); H 438*; Amelung, Frühdruck I 36; Bod-inc A-105; GW 599; BSB-Ink H-399; GW 599 WEVENER #6
¶See: Wegener :Die Zainer in Ulm: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Buchdrucks im XV. Jahrhundert and Amelung, Peter. Der Frühdruck im deutschen Südwesten, 1473-1500. Bd. 1 [etc]. Stuttgart, 1979- [in progress]. I 36
1) Union Theo. Seminary
2) Cornell Univ.