A discussion of interesting books from my current stock at

Oecolampadius : Riots 1528

363J Johannes Œkolampadius (1482-1535)

Wjderlegung der falschen gründt, so Augustinus Marius Thuomb predicant z°u Basel, z°u verwenen das die Mess ein Opffer sey, eynem Ersamen Radt do selbig überantwort hat.

Basel: Joannem Fasbrum Juliacensem 1528 (Basel 21 Martii). (all the other copies I could find are Thomas Wolff editions; see image of the Wolff title on the bottom of this page )

IMG_2929Octavo A-F8 G4. 51/4 X 4 inches Trimmed a little close at the top margin bound in later incunabulum leaf over boards. $2,800
IMG_2931In May, 1527, the Council of Basle requested the Catholic and Protestant preachers of the city to give in writing their views concerning the Mass. The Catholic belief was presented by Augustin Marius, the Protestant by Œcolampadius. The Council as yet placed no general proscription on the Mass, but allowed each of the clergy to retain or set it aside. In consequence the Mass was abolished in the churches under Protestant preachers and IMG_2930the singing of psalms in German introduced.Monasteries were suppressed towards the end of 1527. The ancient Faith was, however, tolerated for a time in the churches under Catholic control.

After the disputation at Bern in January, 1528, in which Œcolampadius and Zwingli were chief speakers on the Protestant side, the Protestants of Basle threw caution to the winds; at Easter, 1528, and later, several churches were despoiled of their statues and pictures. In December, 1528, at the instance of Œcolampadius, the Protestants petitioned the Council to suppress Catholic worship, but, as the Council was too slow in deciding, the Protestantizing of Basle was completed by means of an insurrection. The Protestants expelled the Catholic members of the Council. The churches previously in the hands of the Catholics, including the cathedral, were seized and pillaged. Œcolampadius, who had married in 1528, became pastor of the cathedral and antistes over all the Protestant clergy of Basle, and took the leading part in compiling the Reformation ordinance promulgated by the Council (1 April, 1529).


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