128J John Jewell 1522-1571
Certaine sermons preached before the Queenes Maiestie, and at Paules crosse, by the reuerend father Iohn Ievvel late Bishop of Salisburie. Whereunto is added a short treatise of the sacraments, gathered out of other his sermons, made vpon that matter, in his cathedrall church at Salisburie.
Imprinted at London :by Christopher Barker, printer to the Queenes most excellent Maiestie,1583 $4,000 ON HOLD
Octavo 5 3/4 X3 3/4 inches ¶4,A-Z8 First edition. (variant) This copy is bound
full calf rebacked. This copy has sixteenth century english praryers on the blank pages, and notes throughout and Ownership Note of Thomas Buttes with several of his autographs and notes throughout the volume as well as an Acrostic on the name of Thomas Buttes, as well as his motto , Soyes Sage et Simple, or be wyse and playne. as found also in his copy of Latimer. The copy has light dampstain at the head throughout, getting worse and spreading to the fore-edge at the end ; minor worming in the inner top corner in the centre.
THOMAS BUTTS, second son of sir William Butts, M.D., and Margaret [Bacon] his wife, was, as there is reason to believe, educated in Corpus Christi college, but did not graduate. He was seated at Great Ryburgh in Norfolk, and it would seem that he erected a good mansion there. On 8 April 1587-8 he contributed £25. for the defence of the kingdom against the anticipated Spanish invasion. He was buried on the north side of the chancel of the church of Great Ryburgh 22 Jan. 1592-3, being commemorated by an altar-tomb having his arms and motto and the initials T. B. He married Bridget one of the daughters and coheiresses of Henry Bures, esq. of Acton in Suffolk, but by this lady, who died in June 1570, he had no issue. He gave a gilt communion cup to the parish church of Great Ryburgh, and it is not improbable that he built the north porch and other portions of the structure. To Corpus Christi college he contributed £10. towards building the old chapel. One of the windows of that edifice was also glazed at his charge. By his will, dated 22 May 1592, and proved in the court of the bishop of Norwich 17 Feb. 1592-3, he bequeathed 40*. to the repair of Great Ryburgh church, £6. 12*-, 4d. to the poor of Lynn Regis, £10. 8s. to the prisoners at Norwich, and small legacies to the poor of divers neighbouring parishes. It appears that he was the author of: (1) A Acrostic on the name of Thomas Buttes.(2) Verses on his motto, Soyes Sage et Simple, or be wyse and playne. These are printed, from a copy of Latimer’s sermons which formerly belonged to him, in Masters’s Hist. C. C. C. Camb. Append N°. lxvii. In one of the windows of the old chapel of Corpus Christi college was a different version, given in Blomefield’s Collectanea Cantabr. 150, 151. Mr. Blomefield has confounded him with Henry Butts, D.D. master of C. C. C. Arms: Quarterly 1 & 4. (Butts) Az. on a cheveron between 3 estoiles O. as many lozenges G. a crescent for difference 2 & 3. (Bacon) G. a boar passant 0. Blomefleld’s Norfolk, vii. 165. Cal. Chanc. Proc. temp. Eliz. i. 78. Masters’s Hist, of C. C. C. C. 209, 212, 257, 275; Append, p. 61, 90.
(Athenae Cantabrigienses: 1586-1609 By George John Gray)
The acrostic on lead ¶4r
(2) Verses on his motto, Soyes Sage et Simple, or be wyse and playne. on leaf Q5v
A prayer on Q5r
“John Jewel, bishop of Salisbury was educated under his uncle John Bellamy, rector of Hampton, and other private tutors until his matriculation at Upon Elizabeth’s succession he returned to England, and made earnest efforts to secure what would now be called a low-church settlement (i.e., with Protestant emphasis); he was strongly committed to the Elizabethan reforms. Indeed, his attitude was hardly distinguishable from that of the Elizabethan Puritans Richard Hooker, who speaks of Jewel as the “worthiest divine that Christendom hath bred for some hundreds of years,” was one of the boys whom Jewel prepared in his house for the university; and his Ecclesiastical Polity owes much to Jewel’s training.Merton college, Oxford, in July 1535. There he was taught by John Parkhurst, afterwards bishop of Norwich; but on the 19th of August 1539 he was elected scholar of Corpus Christi college. He graduated B.A. in 1540, and M.A. in 1545, having been elected fellow of his college in 1542. In April 1554 he acted as notary to Cranmer and Ridley at their disputation, but in the autumn he signed a series of Catholic articles. He was, nevertheless, suspected, fled to London, and thence to Frankfurt, which he reached in March 1555. There he sided with Coxe against Knox, but soon joined Martyr at Strassburg, accompanied him to Zurich, and then paid a visit to Padua.
“Under Elizabeth’s succession he returned to England, and made earnest efforts to secure what would now be called a low-church settlement of religion. But he gradually modified it under the stress of office and responsibility. He was one of the disputants selected to confute the Romanists at the conference of Westminster after Easter 1559; he was selected preacher at St Paul’s cross on the 15th of June; and in the autumn was engaged as one of the royal visitors of the western counties. He was congé d’élire as bishop of Salisbury had been made out on the 27th of July, but he was not consecrated until the 21st of January 1560. He now constituted himself the literary apologist of the Elizabethan settlement. He had on the 26th of November 1559, in a sermon at St. Paul’s Cross, challenged all comers to prove the Roman case out of the Scriptures, or the councils or Fathers for the first six hundred years after Christ. He repeated his challenge in 1560, and Dr. Henry Cole took it up. The chief result was Jewel’s Apologia Ecclesiae Anglicanae, published in 1562, which in Bishop Creighton’s words is ‘the first methodical statement of the position of the church of England against the church of Rome, and forms the groundwork of all subsequent controversy.’
A more formidable antagonist than Cole now entered the lists in the person of Thomas Harding, an Oxford contemporary whom Jewel had deprived of his prebend in Salisbury Cathedral of recusancy. He published an elaborate and bitter Answer in 1564, to which Jewel issued a Reply in 1565. Harding followed with a Confutation, and Jewel with a Defence, of the Apology in 1566 and 1567; the combatants ranged over the whole field of the Anglo-Roman controversy, and Jewel’s theology was officially enjoined upon the Church by Archbishop Bancroft in the reign of James I. […] He was consulted a good deal by the government on such questions as England’s attitude towards the council of Trent, and political considerations made him more and more hostile to Puritan demands with which he had previously sympathized. He died on 23rd September 1571, and was buried in Salisbury Cathedral, where he had built a library. Hooker, who speaks of Jewel as ‘the worthiest divine that Christendom hath bred for some hundreds of years,’ was one of the boys whom Jewel prepared in his house for the university; and his Ecclesiastical Polity owes much to Jewel’s training. Jewel’s works were published in folio in 1609 under the direction of Bancroft, who ordered the Apology to be placed in churches, in some of which it may still be seen chained to the lectern.” (EB, v. 15, p. 363)
Here is a link to a good article on John Jewel
Booty, John, John Jewel as Apologist of the Church of England (London: SPCK, 1963).
Bozeman, T.D., To Live Ancient Lives: The Primitivist Dimension of Puritanism (Reprint, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011
Gregory, Brad, The Unintended Reformation (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012).
Jewel, John, The Apology of the Church of England, trans. Thomas Cheyne(1714).
[I have chosen this later translation for citation in this post because, as the translator indicates, “the Old Translations are now become so obscure, by reason of the Variableness of our Language, that the English Reader, for whose sake this is intended, cannot be much benefited by them.”]
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, s.v. “Jewel, John.”
Southgate, W.M., John Jewel and the Problem of Doctrinal Authority (1962).
Terry, Justyn, “Theology in the Anglican Communion,” The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to the Anglican Communion (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013).
The Zurich Letters: Or, the Correspondence of Several English Bishops and Others, ed. Hastings Robinson (1856).