982G Marino Becichemo 1468-1526

Hoc libro continentur haec opera Becichemi : Panegyricus serenissimo principi Leonardo Lauretano et illustrissimo Senatui Veneto dictus. Centuria epistola[rum] quaestionu[m] eide[m] principi atq[ue] senatui dicata: in qua su[n]t capita plura ad arte[m] oratoria[m] & ad artificiu[m] orationu[m] Ciceronis spectantia. Item sunt castigationes multae in asinu[m] aureu[m] & in multa alio[rum] aucto[rum] opa. Castigationes in totum victorinum. Castigationes in totum opus rhe. de inuentione. Castigationes in omnes libros rhe. ad herennium. Castigationes in tres libros de oratore. Castigationes in quattuor libros floridorum Apuleii. Itam sunt artes. De componenda epistola. De componendo dialogo. De imitatione. De componenda funebri orationes. De componenda nuptiali oratione. Expecta lector propediem secundam centuriam.


Venetiis : A Bernardino Veneto de uitalibus, VIII. Idus octobris 1506                                                                $3,800

Folio 12 1/4 X 8 1/2 Inches.    A-E6 ; a4 ,b4, c–x6 Y-Z4z4 verso blank SECOND Edition The first was printed in Brescia 1504 by Angelo e Giacomo Britannico.   Bound in a nice 20th century full dark brown calf binding,BY JON ROBBINS. The first leaf has had its margins strengthened but in no way obtrusivly, The peper is very thick and this copy has good margins with some deckel edges. The typography is rather crude for an Italian book of this time .
Marin Beçikemi (aka Latin: Marinus Becichemus Scodrensis or Becichemi, Bicichemo, Becichio, Bezicco)  {there are a lot of searches here…} was an Albanian 15th and 16th century humani s{t, orator, and chronist. Born in Shkodër he had seen 26 out of his 30 family members die in the Siege of Shkodra from the Ottoman Empire. In 1503 he published a panegyric to the Venetian Senate concerning the siege.  He wrote commentaries on Cicero, Pliny the Elder and other classical philosophers. He was a professor of rhetoric at the University of Padova.
Panzer VIII, 383
In OCLC I could find one copy ILLINOIS
More about Beçikemi : “In 1492 (according to S. Gliubich,  Illustrious Men of Dalmatia , Vienna-Zara 1856, p. 25) B. was called by the Senate of the Republic of Ragusa as rector of the schools. During his stay in this city, and precisely in 14951 he dedicated to the Senate his Castigationes et observationes in Virgilium , Ovidium , Ciceronem , Servium et Priscianum . It turns out that at the beginning of October 1496 he was in Naples as secretary of the Venetian patrician Melchiorre Trevisan, a Venetian fleet administrator who came to the aid of King Ferrandino.  Beçikemi had obtained this assignment for the Manin family’s intervention (according to Gliubich), and it may well have been a public office. While serving Trevisan he went to France, probably in 1499; in September Trevisan was appointed general administrator with the task of occupying that part of the duchy of Milan assigned to the Venetians, and it seems likely B. has been his secretary during the campaign.
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In the year 1500, when Beçikemi took Venetian citizenship, marks a radical change in his life. Probably at the end of the year he opened a school of human letters in Venice (perhaps his letter mentioned in Sanuto, Diarii , III, 786,  Sept. 15, reports the request), rivaling with Raffaele Regio, and including among his students Vittore Cappello, Gian Ludovico Navagero, Marc Anthony Contarini and Augustine Beaziano. On 28 Nov. 1500 he pronounced the funeral prayer for Giambattista Scita in Venice in front of a large audience, probably Pietro Bembo, who estimated the Scita, for whom he wrote an epitaph at this time. At an uncertain date, but probably between 1500 and 1502, he competed in the convent of St. Stephen in Venice with the Regio on the excellence of Cicero or Quiatiliano. He had meanwhile had close relations with Venetian patriots and literate, such as Girolamo Donato, Marco Dandolo, Antonio Condulmer, Giorgio Emo and Bernardo Soranzo.

DSC_0133Perhaps during the early months of 1501 Beçikemi transferred his school to Padua, but in November he accepted a three-year course for the Brescia Study Chair, with the annual salary of 112 ducats (a wage higher than others were paid)  . At the same time he had received a request from Vicenza to teach in the public school of that city, but he chose Brescia perhaps because the salary was higher and because Brescia was the city where he had studied. He pronounced the public proclamation in the Brescia study on July 30, 1503. Meanwhile, John Calfurnio, a rector of the Padua Study (January 1503), uttered a communion of funeral prayer. The Paduan Rectors recommended him for the succession of Calfurnio, but he obtained the seat of the Regio.

During the period when Beçikemi taught in Brescia he prepared a collection of works for printing, and the privilege granted on September 26. 1505 seems to have already been ready: Collectanea in Plinium , Artificium Orationum Ciceronis , Centuriae tres Variarum Observationum , Adnotationes Virgilianae , Observations in Livium et Fabium , Commentaries in Persium , In Libros de Oratore et Rethoricos Ciceronis .

Not all of these works have been handed down to us, and perhaps they were never even finished by the author. At this time Beçikemi had already printed the V ariarum observationum collectanea , Brescia 1504 (see Brunet, Manuel …, I, 730), gathering his works already edited. It is believed in Brescia perhaps in 1503, in Primum Plinii observationum librum collectanea (see the catalog of the British Museum) and perhaps the first edition of Praelectio in C. Plinium … Collectane in Primum Naturalis Historiae librum ( cum epistula nuncupatoria , Brixiae year 1503 conscripta ); Other editions of the latter work are: Oratio qua Brix . Senatui praelectio in C. Plinium , Ferrariae 1504 (in Oxford’s Bodleian ) and Oratio here the most flourishing Senate Brix . gratias agit … [Venetiis or Brixiae 1504?] (in the Vatican). Subsequently several reprints reproduce the. B.’s observations with works on the same topic by Niccolò Perotti and Cornelio Vitelli: Marini Bechichemi… Elegans ac doced in C. Plinium praelectio . Eiusdem Plini praefatio in libros Historiae naturalis diligenter ac cum iudicio recognita . Eiusdem Scodrensis collectane in primum Plinii … Luteciae 1519. It seems that the year 1504 is the first edition of the Panegyricus serenissimo principi Leonardo Lauretano and illustrious Senatus Veneto dictus [Brixiae 1504] (see catalog of the Vatican ). In 1505 Panegyricus was re- published with Epistolicarum Quaestionum : Centuria first , curated by British Angel [Brixiae 1505]. B. complained that this edition was printed with too many errors, and therefore gave the manuscript of the text to Antonio Moretto for a reprint that appeared as: Marinus Bechichemus … Opera … Panegyricus … Centuria epistolicarum quaestionum … Castigationes multae . .. Artes de componenda epistola , de composendo dialogo , de imitatione , de componenda funebri oratione , de componenda nuptiali oratione , Venetiis, Bernardo de ‘Vitali, 1506 (also this is full of typographical errors). Following this literary production, it is not surprising that in November 1505 Beçikemi’s conduct was renewed by the Senate Brescia for three years and with the same salary. In June 1508 he asked for a temporary visit to Rome for a visit made necessary by the fact that his father’s father had given a son of Beçikemi (Marco, a boy of twelve) a canonician of the Brescia Church. It seems that, having obtained a regular license, he would no longer return to teach in Brescia: certainly at the end of 1508, Francesco Arigoni was appointed to his post. The three most distinguished students of Beçikemi in Brescia were Filippo Donato, son of Girolamo, Pietro Soardo and Gian Antonio Cattaneo.

From Rome, Marinus Becichemus Scodrensis moved to Venice, perhaps due to some friction he was concerned with at the time of the Cambrai League. In the middle of July 1509, he was appointed a reader of humanity for the students of the Chancellery, holding the school with Girolamo Calvo of Vicenza and reading Pliny, Cicero and Virgil: “do lection the matina et poi disnar, demum la evening play together, which is nice to see “, according to Marin Samito ( Diarii , XII, Col. 296).

In May 1514, Beçikemi da Venezia was looking for a place as a professor at Mantua and it was related to Isabella d’Este, who wrote: “Messer Marino is not a suspect person in account, before being retired against his will in Venice the Venetians, then to be the man waiting in letters without impassing of others “(letter of 16 May 1514 to the Count of Caiazzo, published by A. Luzio and R. Renier, in Culture and Literature by Isabella d ‘ Este , in Gior . Stor . Of letter italia , VII [1901], p. 226). On May 19, 1514, Isabella sent to Beçikemi a custodian, but he remained in Venice, perhaps because of a cause pending in that city. Later he was busy writing a poem (now lost), in which he praised the Marquis, the Marquess and all the writers of the Mantuan circle: perhaps for this he obtained a copy of the Chronicle of Mantua by Mario Equicola by Gian Giacomo Calandra, secretary of Isabella. The 6th gen. 1515 wrote to Calandra that he was looking for a protector to dedicate the poem. In March.following his son Marco, canonical, “docto and accustomato”, was killed in Venice (see Sanuto, Diarii , XVIII, 166, XL, 778), and Beçikemi, addressed the marquise of Mantua in a  letter in which he  said that he would soon be to Mantua carrying two of his works worthy of being published. However, he appears to have stayed in Venice, retaining his position as a teacher at the Chancellery.”