Written by Rene Descartes, 1641. Translated by Elisabeth S. Haldene, 1911.



René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius) was born 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650. He was a French, Catholic 17th century philosopher, mathematician and writer. He is also jnown for his famous quote: Cogito ergo sum. I think,  therefor I am. Dubbed as the father of modern philosophy, he was the first to attempt using the scientific method in yhis field, hoping to advance the subject en par with other sciences.

Philosophy had been declining ever since medieval philosophy had ended with nominalism and skepticism. Wanting to advance philosophy, he decided to do something different andclaimed to doubt the whole previous traditional knowledge left by his predecessors. His reason for this was his belief that in order to answer the skeptic, one must begin as a skeptic. In other words,  to prove something assume nothing. This was…

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