581J Robert Lovell 1630-1690

Panzoologicomineralogia. Or a compleat history of animals and minerals, containing the summe of all authors, both ancient and modern, Galenicall and chymicall, touching animals, viz. beasts, birds, fishes, serpents, insects, and man, as to their place, meat, name, temperature, vertues, use in meat and medicine, description, kinds, generation, sympathie, antipathie, diseases, cures, hurts, and remedies &c. With the anatomy of man, his diseases, with their definitions, causes, signes, cures, remedies: and use of the London dispensatory, … as also a history of minerals, viz. earths, mettals, semimettals, their naturall and artificiall excrements, salts, sulphurs, and stones, with their place, matter, names, kinds, temperature, vertues, use, choice, dose, danger, and antidotes. Also an introduction to zoography and mineralogy. Index of Latine names, with their English names. … index of the use and vertues. By Robert Lovell. St. C.C. Oxon. philotheologiatronomos.
[bound with]
ΠΑΝΟΡΥΚΤΟΛΙΑ, sive Pammineralogicon, or An Universal History of Mineralls

(both) Oxford : printed by [W. Hall and] Hen: Hall, for Jos: Godwin, 1661. $1,500

Two octavos bound together , 16.5 x 10 cm. Signatures: [a]8 b-f8 A-Z8 Aa-Ii8 Kk4; {Inserted here is a reprint of some sort for the Title of Pammineralogicon ] a-f8 g4 A-Z8 Aa-Zz8 Aaa-Ccc8;

First edition This is bound In full calf crudely rebacked .

A summary of all the animals known at the time, including a discussion of the unicorn. Also a complete discussion of mineralogy and the uses of minerals, including in pharmacology. Perhaps the earliest work on minerals by an English author? These two volumes that are usually bound in one, form a quaint natural history encyclopedia typical of the 17th century. Contained within the first volume are an introduction to the history of animals and minerals and extensive accounts of all things related to animals, which deals in turn with beasts, birds, fishes, serpents, and insects. The second volume with a separate title page concerns minerals. This is the earliest work on minerals by an English author, and it is perhaps only predated in the English language in its subject by the translation and subsequent editions of Albertus Magnus’ Liber Aggregations
(Boke of Secrets, 1st ed., London, c1550). The mineralogical descriptions are compiled from about 250 authors and deal chiefly with minerals from the standpoint of their medicinal uses. Only the sketchiest indications of localities are included, but the sections on precious and semiprecious stones are quite extensive.

Lovell was a prolific reader, with an extensive knowledge of books and a wonderful industry in the collection of his materials, as well as a good judge in the arrangement of text. He utilized his talents to write an earlier work on botany (Sive Enchiridion Botanicum, Oxford, 1659) and the present 2 volumes complete his study of the natural kingdom with animals and minerals. Here, Lovell systematically recorded without judgment all that he found in the course of reading the old naturalists. He repeats all the legends and tales of the past without questioning their credibility. For example, he states quite seriously, that caterpillars are formed from dew congealed on cabbage leaves by the sun, and that fleas are generated from the action of sweat upon dust trapped in dogs hair. Yet, in Lovell’s time, Robert Boyle was living and experimenting at Oxford and the Royal Society was collecting Maydew-perhaps to congeal some caterpillars-and. chemistry, physics, and astronomy were all advancing.
The text of the mineralogical volume is divided into 4 sections, with subdivisions occurring in each. Arrangement of the individual species within subdivisions is always alphabetical. The sections are (1) Geologia, which describes the Earths, including chaulk, clay and Fuller’s earth, the Mettals, including copper, gold, iron, lead, silver and tin, the Semi-Mettalls, including antimony, cinnabar and mercury, Mettals Naturall Excrements, including chalcocite and marcasite, Mettals Artificial Excrements, including Cadmia and Plumbago, (2) Halologia, which describes Salts, including alum, amoniack, common salt, nitre and vitrol, (3) Theiologia, which describes Sulphurs, including amber, arsenic, asphalt and brimstone, and (4) Lithologia, which describes Stones, including precious (=agates, amethyst, beryl, bezoar stone, ruby, sapphire, topaz, etc.) and stones less than precious (=alabaster, lapis lazuli, bloodstone, borax, crystal, limestone, lodestone, etc.).

( from:

Wing (2nd ed.), L3246; & Wing L3245 Madan, III, 2561, 2562Thomason, E.1810[1] Bibliographical references: BL. • Ferguson, Histories of Inventions, 1981: IV, 21-2. • Hoover Collection: no. 546. • Madan, Oxford Books, 1895-1931: no. 2561. • NUC. • Osler, Bibliotheca Osleriana, 1969: no. 3271. • Smith, Early Mineralogy in Great Britain, 1978. • Wing: L 3245. • Wood, Literature of Vertebrate Zoology, 1931: 442.

The Weird added title page :